Tefillah

HaKol Yoducha

February 26, 2013

Hakol Yoducha

The Tefillah we recite after the blessing of Yotzair Ohr Uvoray Choshech on Shabbat morning is Hakol Yoducha-All will thank You. It is an expanded version of the regular Hameir LaAretz which we recite every day of the week besides Shabbat. It should be noted that HaKol Yoducha is unique to Shabbos and our celebration of the Creation of the world; therefore, we do not recite the KaKol Yoducha daily or on Festivals, only on Shabbat. Rabbi Jonathan Sacks writes that the Tefillah begins with an opening poem which invokes the word HaKol-All five times. This seems to be a reverberation of the blessing we just recited-Oseh Shalom Uvoray Et HaKol. The Siddur HaGra explains a deeper meaning of the four steps of the poem(the italicized) – Hakol Yoducha–All will thank You –when we recognize the good You have done. VeHakol Yeshabchucha–All will praise You- even when we experience pain/affliction. * The last Mishnah in Tractate Brachot teaches that we are obligated to recognize G-d and pronounce a blessing over the good as well as the perceived bad in our lives i.e. Baruch Dayan Haemet (the blessing recited when an immediate relative dies). Vehakol Yomru Eyn Kadosh KaHashem–All will state, Nothing is holy like G-d – While we recognize, praise and express gratitude to the Almighty, we know, Eyn Kadosh KaHashem – There is nothing holy like G-d whose omnipotent powers and ways transcend our limited understanding. Hakol Yeromemuchah Selah, Yotzair Hakol–All will exalt you Selah, You who forms All since G-d and His handiwork are infinite and we are finite we are unable to properly enumerate and account for even a fraction of His involvement in the word. Therefore we will exalt Him and express gratitude generally for what we know exists but is beyond us. The body of the Tefillah is very similar to the HaMeir LaAretz prayer that we recite all week long. The concluding section of the Tefillah like the introduction contains four parts and an elaboration of those four parts. Whereas until now the focus of the Tefillah has been G-d’s inimitable Creation of this world, and it’s solar system above and the ecosystems below; the last section acknowledges the great journey of the four stages of the physical and spiritual lifespan of humanity: A) This world, B) Olam Haboh-The World To Come, C) The Messianic Era, and D) The Resurrection of the dead. Eyn Keerkecha… There is no one who compares to You in this world. Eyn Zulatecha There is no one but You in the World to Come, Efes Biltecha.. There is none but You in the Messianic Era. Veeyn Domeh Lecha.. There is no one like You at the resurrection of the dead. Hakol Yoducha begins with the acknowledgement and praise of G-d and His handiwork; and concludes with the recognition of our place in G-d’s world i.e. the four tiered existence that awaits all mankind.