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Jewish Holidays

About the Three Weeks: A Chronology of Destruction

July 18, 2011, by

The following is a list of the major events leading up to the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem. First Temple: 3316 Yehoyakim ben Yoshiyahu becomes King of Judea (II Kings 23:36) 3320 Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon conquers Judea. He removes part of the Temple’s holy vessels and children of the royal […]

Fast of the 17th of Tammuz: Historical Background & Customs

July 18, 2011, by

The 17th day in the Jewish month of Tammuz, Jews the world over fast and lament to commemorate the many calamities that have befallen our people on this ominous day. The purpose of such fasts in the Jewish calendar is, according to Rabbi Eliyahu Kitov’s Book of Our Heritage, “to awaken hearts towards repentance through […]

Bayit Sheini Timeline

June 29, 2006, by

3338/423 B.C.E. Destruction of First Temple and beginning of Babylonian Exile 3389/372 B.C.E. Babylon falls to Medes and Persians under Darius the Mede and Cyrus the Great of Persia 3391/370 B.C.E. Cyrus reigns, permits Jews to return to Eretz Yisrael 3408/353 B.C.E. Darius the Persian permits Jews to rebuild Temple 3442/319 B.C.E. Beginning of Greek […]

History and Laws of the Fast of Shiva Asar BeTammuz

June 26, 2006, by

The 17th day in the Jewish month of Tammuz, Jews the world over fast and lament to commemorate the many calamities that have befallen our people on this ominous day. The purpose of such fasts in the Jewish calendar is, according to Rabbi Eliyahu Kitov’s Book of Our Heritage, “to awaken hearts towards repentance through […]