Hannah Farkas


February 26, 2013, by

Before and after we recite Mussaf, the Chazzan leads us in one of the most well-known prayers to Jews worldwide: the Kaddish. The word Kaddish is actually Aramaic and means Kadosh – Holy. There are several types of Kaddish, which can be a subject for another time. The sages discuss why such an important prayer […]

Mizmor LeDovid

February 26, 2013, by

When returning the Torah to the Ark we recite Mizmor LeDovid-Psalm 24.  This prayer is also included in our liturgy as the sixth Psalm recited on Friday night prior to the singing of Lecha Dodi. Due to the importance and holiness of the prayer, we always stand when reciting it. The Tur, Rav Yaakov Ben […]

Yehallu Et Shem Hashem

February 26, 2013, by

After the Chazzan/Shaliyach Tzibur concludes the Ashrei, he takes hold of the Torah that was just read, clutches it to his right shoulder and chants, “Yehallelu Et Shem Hashem Ki Nisgav Shemo Levado…They shall praise the name of G-d because His name ALONE is exalted,” (Psalm 148:13). The congregation then joins in unison and sings, […]


February 26, 2013, by

The Talmud in Brachot 4B proclaims, “Anyone who recites the Ashrei, Psalm 145, three times a day is a confirmed future recipient of Olam Habah—eternal reward in the World to Come.” Ashrei is found twice in Shacharit and once in Mincha. It is evident that the Sages intended to link Ashrei with the reciting of […]

Av Harachamim

February 26, 2013, by

After Yekum Purkan, it is customary to recite the tefillah of Av Harachamim (Father of Compassion).  Av Harachamim was written around the year 1096, in response to the First Crusade. Originally it was only recited the Shabbat before Shavuot. Later it became popular to recite it every Shabbat unless an additional ritual celebration takes place, […]

Yekum Purkan

February 26, 2013, by

Immediately following the blessings recited after the Haftorah, the Shliach Tzibbur (Cantor) ascends the Bimah (Platform) and leads the congregation in Yekum Purkan, “May there be success and salvation…” Yekum Purkan is a two-paragraph Aramaic tefillah (it is in Aramaic because this was the spoken language of the masses at that time) that prays first […]

HaKol Yoducha

February 26, 2013, by

Hakol Yoducha The Tefillah we recite after the blessing of Yotzair Ohr Uvoray Choshech on Shabbat morning is Hakol Yoducha-All will thank You. It is an expanded version of the regular Hameir LaAretz which we recite every day of the week besides Shabbat. It should be noted that HaKol Yoducha is unique to Shabbos and […]


February 26, 2013, by

Barchu A story is told of a father waking his son up to go to shul on Shabbat morning. To his chagrin the son seems to be in a comatose state of Shabbos Menucha , the father exclaims, “You had better be in shul by Barchu”. The father arrives to shul, he davens Psukei Dzimra […]

Uvimakhalot Rivivot

February 26, 2013, by

Uvimakhalot Rivivot After the Chazzan chants “Befi Yesharim Tithallal,”“Through the mouths of the righteous He shall be praised,” the congregation continues with “Uvimakhalot Rivivot Amcha Beit Yisroel,” “In the tens of thousands of congregations of the House of Israel Your Name shall be glorified from generation to generation.” It is truly fitting that this moment […]

HaKel HaGadol

February 21, 2013, by

Tefillah Tips Hakel This opening prayer of Shacharit extols the strength, greatness and awesomeness of G-d. It then states that indeed G-d shall be praised, blessed and sanctified by all of Israel i.e. from the upright, the righteous, the pious as well as the holy ones. The Aruch Hashulchan – Rabbi Yechiel Michel HaLevy Epstein […]