Chanukah

Bayit Sheini Timeline

June 29, 2006

3338/423 B.C.E. Destruction of First Temple and beginning of Babylonian Exile

3389/372 B.C.E. Babylon falls to Medes and Persians under Darius the Mede and Cyrus the Great of Persia

3391/370 B.C.E. Cyrus reigns, permits Jews to return to Eretz Yisrael

3408/353 B.C.E. Darius the Persian permits Jews to rebuild Temple

3442/319 B.C.E. Beginning of Greek era

3448/313 B.C.E. Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty rules Eretz Yisrael

3562/199 B.C.E. Antiochus III the Great, scion of the Seleucid dynasty and ruler of Syria, wrests Eretz Yisrael from Egypt

3571/190 B.C.E. Rome defeats Antiochus III at Magnesia

3586/175 B.C.E. Antiochus IV reigns

3594/168 B.C.E. Desecration of Temple by Antiochus

3597/165 B.C.E. Conquest of Temple by Hasmoneans; the miracle of Chanukah

3598/163 B.C.E. Antiochus IV dies

3599/162 B.C.E. His son, Antiochus V, besieges Jerusalem

3600/161 B.C.E. Demetrius I (son of Seleucus IV) rules; Alcimus appointed Kohen Gadol; defeat and death of Syrian
general Nikanor (13 Adar)

3601 /160 B.C.E. Yehudah killed in battle; Yonasan elected leader of the Jewish rebellion

3602/159 B.C.E. Alcimus dies

3609/152 B.C.E. Alexander (Balas) I, alleged son of Antiochus IV, contests rule of Demetrius I; both recognize Yonasan
as Kohen Gadol

3610/151 B.C.E. Alexander I rules

3614/147 B.C.E Alexander I deposed (by Ptolemy IV king of Egypt); Demetrius II (son of Demetrius I) rules

3617/144 B.C.E. Tryphon deposes Demetrius II (who escapes), and rules on (approx.) behalf of the infant Antiochus VI
(son of Alexander I)

3619/142 B.C.E. Tryphon tricks Yonasan and kills him; Shimon takes over Kehunah Gedolah, proclaims himself ‘Prince
of the Jews’

3619/142 B.C.E. Tryphon kills Antiochus VI and proclaims himself king

3621/140 B.C.E. Sanhedrin and the People proclaim Shimon ‘Prince of the Jews’ 18 Elul).

3621-3725/140-36 B.C.E. Rule of the Hasmonean dynasty (Shimon, Yochanan Hyrkanos, Yehudah Aristobulus,
Alexander Yannai, Queen Alexandra Hyrkanos and Aristobulus)

3630/131 B.C.E. Yochanan Hyrkanos forms an alliance with Antiochus VII

3632/129 B.C.E. Antiochus VII dies

3698/63 B.C.E. Roman consul Pompei conquers Jerusalem

3725-3828/36 B.C.E.-68 C.E. Rule of Herodian dynasty and Roman governors (Herod, Archelaus, Roman governors,
Agrippa I, Roman governors)

3828/68 C.E. Destruction of Second Temple by Romans (according to some, the year was 3829)