This Day in Jewish History

Tishrei | MarCheshvan | Kislev | Tevet | Shevat | Adar | Nissan | Iyar | Sivan | Tammuz | Av | Elul
January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Tishrei

[1 Tishrei] Sixth day of Creation, bears, cows, human being. Birthday of Kayin and Hevel. Sarah, Rachel, Chana each prayed for offspring and were answered favorably on Rosh HaShana. Yosef was released from prison. The Jews in Egypt were freed from slavery (they did not leave the land until Pesach, but…). Zerubavel brought the first […]

MarCheshvan

[1 MarCheshvan] Biblical plague of Dever. The seventh and last of the Crusades ended, 1270. Rabbi Yehuda HaChasid arrived in Jerusalem, 1700. He died 3 days later. A shul was built on land he had purchased for that purpose, and was named for him. The Arabs burned the shul in 1720. It was rebuilt in […]

Kislev

[1 Kislev] Beginning of winter in Israel according to Rabbi Yehuda (Bava Metzi’a) Egyptian plague of SH’CHIN (boils). [2 Kislev] Jews of New York were allowed to swear without reference to Christianity, 1727. Yahrzeit of Rabbi Bernard Revel, 1940. Yahrzeit of HaRav Aharon Kotler, 1962. [3 Kislev] The first auto-da-fe (burning at the stake of […]

Tevet

[7 Tevet] Three leaders of Babylonian Jewry were arrested by Persian officials, 468, sparking a wave of persecution of the Jews of Babylonia. Supposed liberties granted Russian Jews by the Czar in 1804, actually spelled economic ruin for much of the Jewish community. The Prussian government decreed that Jewish services must be conducted in strict […]

Shevat

[1 Shevat] The Biblical plague of ARBEH (locust). Moshe Rabeinu begins his farewell address to the people and review of the Torah, final year of wandering. [2 Shevat] Death of Alexander Yannai, 76 b.c.e. Date was celebrated as a holiday, since his strong Sadducee policies and appointments posed a serious threat to Rabbinic Judaism. Yahrzeit […]

Adar

[1 Adar] Beginning of the Plague of Darkness. Yahrzeit of Ibn Ezra, 1164. Private Purim of Rabbi Yom Tov Lipmann Heller, Rav of Cracow, 1643. Yahrzeit of the “Shakh” (major commentator of the Shulchan Aruch), 1662. Yahrzeit of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Shklov, 1827. (He was the leader of the Aliya of the followers of […]

Nissan

[1 Nissan] The erection of the Mishkan was completed. Moshe completed the consecration rites of Aaron and his sons. Aaron performed the first sacrificial rites. Death of Nadav and Avihu, sons of Aaron. King Hezekiah commenced the reconsecration of the Temple. Cyrus was crowned “King of Babylonia and King of all lands, “538B.C.E. The crowning […]

Iyar

[1 Iyar] Egypt was afflicted by the first biblical plague. An Israelite gathered wood on Shabbat in the Midbar. This marked the first public violation of Shabbat. Moshe was ordered, in the second year of the exodus, to take a census of the Jewish people. The foundation of the Second Temple was laid, 537 B.C.E. […]

Sivan

[1 Sivan] The Flood’s waters began to recede. Bnei Yisrael arrived in the wilderness of Sinai. Korach and his followers vanished into the depth of the earth. Massacre of the Jews of Worms during the First Crusade, 1096. Yahrzeit of Rabbi Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov, leader of the aliya of the followers of the Vilna […]

Tammuz

[1 Tammuz] Yaakov and family went down to Mitzrayim (according to one source. This would be the establishment of the first voluntary Jewish settlement outside of Eretz Yisrael). Many Jews were killed by a riotous mob in Seville, 1391. The riots spread throughout Spain. Yahrzeit of Rabbi Shlomo Kluger, 1869. Massacre of 2300 Lithuanian Jews […]

Av

[1 Av] Peaks of the tallest mountains emerged above the receding waters of the Flood. Egypt was afflicted with Frog(s). Yahrzeit of Aharon HaKohen. (This is the ONLY yahrzeit mentioned in the Torah. It is not recorded in Parshat Chukat, which tells of Aharon’s death, but rather in Mas’ei, when we bench Rosh Chodesh Av.) […]

Elul

[1 Elul] Beginning of the Third Plague in Egypt. G-d tells Zerubavel (via Chaggai) to rebuild the Beit haMikdash. Beginning of the year for purpose of animal-tithes. according to the Tana Kama in Rosh HaShana 1:1. Persian Jews made annual pilgrimage to the tomb of Serach b. Asher. Jews of Palma massacred, 1391. Anti-Jewish riots […]

January

[January 1] Violent earthquake shook Eretz Yisrael; over 2000 died in Tzfat, another 700 in T’veriya, 1837. Several restrictions on Jewish ownership of land went into effect in Russia, 1808. The Decree for the Elimination of Jews from German Economic Life took effect, 1939. First Jewish censor was appointed by the Russian government, 1798, to […]

February

[February 1] First time a rabbi gave the invocation at a session of the U.S. Congress, 1860. The Palestine Post building in Jerusalem was bombed, 1948, resulting in the loss of many lives. Khomeini takes over Iran, 1979. [February 2] The surrender of the German army in Stalingrad, 1943, marked a significant turning point in […]

March

[March 1] First organized Arab attack on a Jewish settlement in Eretz Yisrael, 1886, against Petach Tikva. Hitler ordered the establishment of a library of Jewish books and art, 1942. (The U.S. army recovered 600,000 volumes intact.) [March 2] Several thousand Jews of the Minsk ghetto were killed by the Nazis, 1942. Peasants Day in […]

April

[April 1] Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Jerusalem, 1881. The official Nazi boycott of German Jewish merchants started, 1933. Hebrew University of Jerusalem was opened by Lord Balfour, 1925. The emergence of the Nazi Party, 1920. (This happened on the anniversary of the day that Haman published his decree of extermination of the Jews.) [April […]

May

[May 1] 100 47 Jews were killed by Arabs in Jaffa, 1921. Jews from Eretz Yisrael bound for Malta died when their ship was sunk by a German plane, 1943. Goebbels, Nazi minister of propaganda, committed suicide, 1945. [May 2] Massacre of the Jewish community of Bisenz, Austria, 1605. Pope calls upon all Christian princes […]

June

[June 1] The Arab states and Israel agreed to a cease-fire, 1948. A pogrom broke out in Bialystok, Russia, 1906. [June 2] Viktor Brack, who was Hitler’s supervisor of the installation of gas chambers in Poland, was executed, 1948. An Israeli attack on Egyptian positions at Ashdod marked the turning point in the war between […]

July

[July 1] Titus set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem, 70c.e. Russian Jews granted permission to print Jewish books, 1862. Pogrom in Jassy, the cradle of Rumanian anti-Semitism claimed 5000 Jewish lives, 1941. First Jew to lose his life in the American Revolution, 1776. Sir Herbert Samuel became first British High-Commissioner of […]

August

[August 1] World War I broke out, 1914. The Russian army liberated Kovno in 1944. First reliable report of the Nazi plan to murder all the Jews reached the West, 1942. The U.S. State Department suppressed the report for several weeks, until it had otherwise been received by Jews in New York. [August 2] The […]

September

[September 1] World War II broke out, 1939. Mussolini canceled civil rights of Italian Jews and expelled all foreign-born Jews, 1938. Wearing the yellow star became obligatory for all Jews in the Reich, 1941. Jews of Frankfort on the Main were expelled, 1614. [September 2] Jews of Holland were emancipated, 1796. The Mir ghetto was […]

October

[October 7] Germany decreed that passports of Jews were to be marked with a J, 1939. Hundreds of Jews in Cracow were killed during Hakafot, 1555. [October 8] Nazi pogrom against the Jews of Lodz, 1939. [October 9] Major attack in the Negev by Egypt, 1948. Alexander I appointed a commission to help improve Jewish […]

November

[November 1] Jews of England imprisoned, 1210, by orders of King John. [November 2] Nazis liquidated Riga ghetto, 1943. Weizmann Institute of Science dedicated in Rehovot, 1949. Order from Berlin to suspend killing of Jews at Auschwitz, 1944. 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki’s forces, 1648. Balfour Declaration issued, 1917. [November 3] First settlers to Petach […]

December

[December 1] Deganiya Alef, Israel’s (then known as Palestine) first kibbutz was founded, 1909. Jews of Great Russia expelled by order of Empress Elizabeth, 1742. David Ben-Gurion died, 1973. Portuguese Jewish statesman Manuel Fernando de Villareal executed by the Inquisition, 1652. [December 2] Touro Synagogue of Newport, Rhode Island, oldest existing shul in the U.S. […]
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