Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
- Jews of England imprisoned,
1210, by orders of King John.
Nazis liquidated Riga ghetto,
Weizmann Institute of Science dedicated in
Berlin to suspend killing of Jews at Auschwitz, 1944.
12,000 Jews massacred by
Chmielnicki's forces, 1648.
Balfour Declaration issued, 1917.
- First settlers to Petach Tikva
- Jews of Paris expelled, 1394.
- Israel Captured Sharm-el-
- Last of Aden's Jews arrives in Israel, 1967.
- King Casimir III of
Poland (good to the Jews) died, 1370.
- Jacob Barsimon and Asher Levy of New
Amsterdam (later New York) petitioned for the right to stand guard
and be relieved of the special tax imposed on the Jews because they
didn't do guard duty - which were not allowed to do. (This was not
an uncommon "game" played by many of our Diaspora
"hosts". Forbid the Jews from some aspect of communal life
and then exact from them an exorbitant tax for their
non-participation in society. Or how about this one? require
their wearing a yellow badge or a special humiliating hat and then
charge them a large amount of money for being exempt from wearing
- Congregation Bracha V'Shalom of
Surinam was dedicated, 1685. It was one of the oldest congregations
- First anti-Semitic attack over
the radio in the U.S. was broadcast, 1938.
- Jews of Austria forbidden to have
first names of Christian saints, 1834.
- Abe Beame, first Jewish mayor of New York
- Chana Senesh (Szenes) was executed in
Budapest, by the Nazis, 1944.
- 500 Jews of Kolomyya, Galicia and
15,000 Jews of Rowno, Poland were massacred by the Nazis, 1941.
- 12,000 Jews of Minsk were executed by
the Nazis, 1942.
British capture Gaza from
Solomon Molcho, Marrano
kabbalist and mystic, was burned at the stake, 1532.
- Get this one - the U.S. agrees
not to protest against Swiss discrimination against American Jews (go ahead;
read it again), 1855 (a commercial treaty was at stake).
- First gov't. census in
Israel counts 712,000 Jews and 68,000 Arabs.
- Kristallnacht, 1938, during
which 300 shuls and hundreds of Jewish businesses and homes were destroyed.
- Ulysses S. Grant (future president of the U.S.A.) orders Jews barred from
service under his command, 1862.
- Jews of Pressburg (now Bratislava) were
expelled by order of Queen Maria, 1526.
- U.N. General Assembly adopted
the Zionism is Racism resolution, 1975.
Armistice Day ending World War
Israel and Egypt sign a 6-point cease-fire agreement, 1973.
Hermann Goering announced
consideration of Madagascar as a home for European Jewry, 1938 (imagine what
Jews of Lodz, Poland ordered to wear yellow armband, 1939.
Talmudic volumes were burned in
Czar Nicholas I of Russia issued a decree calling for the
establishment of a school for Jewish students and a seminary to train rabbis and
First Israeli train arrives in Gaza, after Israeli occupation,
Many Jews were killed in riots
in Paris, 1380.
Warsaw ghetto was sealed by the Nazis, 1940.
occupied Tel Aviv, 1917.
Yeshiva University came into existence (as a
university), 1945, first American university under Jewish auspices.
Birthday, 331 c.e. of Emperor
Flavius Claudius Julianus, who favored the return of Jerusalem to the Jews.
of England were imprisoned, and many were martyred, 1278.
code, patterned after the Nuremberg Laws published, 1938.
Jewish community of Ferrara,
Italy miraculously escaped disaster when a violent earthquake struck, 1571.
Jerusalem's new reservoir was opened, 1958, ending a long history of water
problems that made Jerusalem more vulnerable to siege.
Anwar Sadat spoke to the
Earliest known Yiddish letter from America, 1785 (Yiddish in the
United States became "fashionable" in the 1880's).
attack over radio in the U.S. by Father Caughlin, 1938.
Jewish population of
Israel reached one million, 1949.
All Jewish wine was dumped by Arabs and heavy
fines imposed on the Jewish community of Jerusalem, 1521.
The Arabs blamed the
Jewish use of wine for a severe water shortage. (interesting that 478 years
later - just the other day - -Arabs are still blaming the Jews for water
First chassidic town in the
U.S. (New Square) elects its mayor, 1961.
An English missionary petitioned the
Czar of Russia to restore the Jewish independence in the land of Israel, 1818.
Ashdod port open for business, 1965.
U.N. General Assembly approved
the right of the Palestinians to a sovereign state at the expense of Israel,
Strasbourg prohibits circumcision and the wearing of beards, 1793. It
ordered the burning of all books in Hebrew.
The Patria, a steamer carrying
illegal immigrants sank in Haifa port, 200 dead, 1940.
American forces retake
New York from the British, 1783.
Jews who had fled the British were able to
return. Austrian soldiers killed many Jews in Prague, 1744.
Charles IV issued
protection for the Jews of Strasbourg, 1357. Two years later 1,000 Jews were
burned and the remainder forcibly baptized - well-poisoning rumors proved
greater than royal protection.
Abudarham's Siddur first published in Lisbon,
- First Crusade proclaimed by the
Council of Clermont, 1095.
- Recapture of Rostov by Russian forces marks the first
major setback suffered by Germany in World War II, 1941.
- Himmler ordered the
destruction of Auschwitz's crematoria, 1944.
- The American Joint Distribution
Commitee is founded, 1914.
- Chaim Weizmann born, 1874.
- KAF-TET B'NOVEMBER, United
Nations votes in favor of partition of Palestine, thus paving the way to the establishment
of the State of Israel. Religious Zionists see this U.N. vote as
"permission of the nations" for our return to Eretz Yisrael. Mass
Jewish Aliya is then not in violation of the famous oaths and restrictions
imposed by Yirmiyahu upon the exiled Jewish People.
- 27,000 Jews of Riga ghetto
taken for execution, 1941.
- Arab terrorist campaign began, 1947.
This Day in Jewish