Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
- Yaakov and family went down to Mitzrayim
(according to one source. This would be the establishment of the first
voluntary Jewish settlement outside of Eretz Yisrael).
- Many Jews were killed by a riotous mob in
Seville, 1391. The riots spread throughout Spain.
- Yahrzeit of Rabbi Shlomo Kluger, 1869.
- Massacre of 2300 Lithuanian Jews by
- Rabbi Shmuel b. Yechiel of Cologne was killed
by Crusaders, 1096. Earthquake hits Eretz yisrael, 1927.
- Yehoshua "commanded" the Sun and the
Moon to stand still.
Menashe b. Yisrael petitioned for permission to practice Judaism in England.
Permission was granted by the Council of State, 1656.
- Yahrzeit of Rabbi Bernard Illowy, 1871. A
staunch opponent of the Reform movement, he was the first Orthodox rabbi
with a PhD from Europe to settle in the U.S.
- 1500 Jews of Kovno and 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
were killed, 1941.
Emperor Alexander II of Russia gave the Jews permission to
print Jewish books, 1871.
The Yahrzeit of the Lubavitcher Rebbe.
Yahrzeit of Rabbeinu Tam, 1171.
Rabbi Meir of Rothenberg was imprisoned, 1286.
40 Jews killed on charges of ritual murder, 1286.
1000 Jews in Poland tortured and killed by Cossacks, 1648.
Jerusalem bombed for the first time in its history, 1948.
Yechezkeil's first prophecy, 502b.c.e.
Memorial fast day for approx. 50,000 Ukrainian Jews killed
Crusaders massacred Jews of Mehr, 1096.
24 wagonloads of Sifrei Kodesh burned in Paris, 1242.
Hebrew date of the raid at Entebbe.
Ukrainian rioter kill many Jews, 1919.
Hundreds of Jews of Yurburg, Lithuania executed by the
Jews expelled from Genoa, 1567.
Queen-Mother of Spain abolished the Inquisition, 1834.
Pogrom in Bialystok, 1903.
Nevuchadnezer's army breached the walls of Jerusalem,
Pompey captured Jerusalem and killed 12,000 Jews,
Anti-Jewish riots in Austria, 1230.
- Tzidkiyahu HaMelech was captured by the
- 12 Jews of Cologne were martyred, 1266.
- Fast observed by the Jewish community of
Frankfort on the Maine to mark the escape of the Jewish quarter from a major
- Purim of Tammuz for Jews of Algiers to mark
their escape from attack by the Spanish army, 1774.
- Massacre of the Jews of Weiner-Neustadt,
- Jews denounced to the Inquisition received the
right to face their accusers, 1298. This had not always been so. It is an
issue in many episodes of Jewish and World history, ranging from the Roman
Coliseum through European dictatorships to the McCarthy senate hearings.
- Yahrzeit of the Baal HaTurim, 1340.
- Nazis executed 5000 Jews in the fortress of
- Yahrzeit of Rabbi Elchanan Wasserman,
- First printed edition of Sefer HaChinuch,
1523. It still makes the great Bar Mitzva gift 477 years later.
- The Jew badge was decreed for all Jews in the
Baltic States, 1941.
- Minsk (Russia) was captured by the Germans,
1942 trapping about 40,000 Jews in the city.
- 250 Jews were killed in Rothenburg, Germany,
- 30 Jews of Schaffhausen (Switzerland) were
burned at the stake on ritual murder charges, 1401.
- Chur, son of Miriam was killed attempting to
dissuade the people from demanding the golden calf. As such he is the first
Jew to die "Al Kiddush HaShem", in defense of his faith.
- Druse Arabs attacked the Jews of Tzfat, 1838.
- The golden calf emerged from the fire into
which gold of Bnei Yisrael was thrown.
- Pope confiscated all manuscripts of the
- Fast day and beginning of the Three
- The first Luchot were broken.
- King Menashe placed an idol in the Beit
- The Korban Tamid was discontinued in the
second Beit HaMikdash.
- 4000 Jews were killed in Toledo, Spain, 1391.
The riots spread to many other Spanish Jewish communities bringing death and
poverty in its wake.
- The destruction of Spanish Jewry began on the
17th of Tammuz and was completed (so to speak) 101 years later on Tish'a
- The American colonies declared their
- 4000 Jews of the ghetto in Bialystok were
- Moshe Rabeinu destroyed the Golden Calf
- Louis IX decreed that all Jews must wear the
distinctive yellow badge, known as the badge of shame.
- Massacre of the Jewish community of
Morgentheim, Austria, 1298.
- Purim of Candia (Crete), from 1583.
- Moshe ascended Har Sinai a second time. (Rashi
says that Elul 1 to Yom Kippur was the third time)
- The first 14 members of BILU reached Yafo,
- 6000 Lithuanian Jews were killed in Viszalsyan
camp - 1941.
- Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yitzchak HaLevi Herzog,
first chief rabbi of the State of Israel, 1959.
- Jews of Telz, including the heads of the
yeshiva, were killed by the Nazis, 1941.
- Nazis destroyed the Kovno ghetto, 1944.
- Knesset bill, 1950, granting every Jew the
absolute right to settle in Israel.
- Jews were barred from settling in Brazil,
1567. (Somehow, barring Jews from settlement in Brazil does not seem as as
heinous as a gov't of Israel talking about dismantling settlements or
relinquishing sovereignty over them.)
- Don Lope de Vera y Alarcon HY"D, Spanish
nobleman, convert to Judaism, known as Judah the Believer, was killed by the
Inquisition, 1644. The Inquisition "stayed in business" for 182
more years - to the day -executing its last victim in 1826.
- Yahrzeit of Rabbi Shlomo Polyatchek, 1928.
- Bendin (Poland) ghetto uprising, 1942.
- Marranos were permitted to leave Portugal,
- Yahrzeit of the "Pardes Rimonim",
- Crusaders captured Jerusalem, 1099.
- Chmielnicki hordes attack Vilna, 1655, killing
- Crusaders gathered the Jews of Jerusalem into
a shul and set it aflame, 1099. All perished in the fire. Jews were barred
from the city for the following 88 years.
- Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yaakov Joseph (RJJ), 1902.
- Jews of Lithuania received a Charter of
Privilege, 1388. (Interesting how differently one country behaved towards
the Jews in different periods of time. And how other countries also varied
in their behavior, but not matched to others.)
- Anti-Jewish rioters attacked the funeral
procession of Rabbi Yaakov Joseph in New York City, 1902.
- Yahrzeit of Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried, author of
Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (and other works), 1886. It was estimated that over a
250,000 copies of the KSA were extant at the time of the authors death.
Imagine how many copies since then has been printed and sold.
- Jews of Upina, Lithuania were executed by the
- Pope Innocent III promulgated a Church
doctrine that the Jews were doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation
because they had killed Jesus, 1205. (The charge of deicide against the Jews
was not officially removed from Church doctrine until 1963. There are still
many Christians who believe in the guilt of the Jews, and many who act upon
- The third expulsion of the Jews of France,
1322. (One wonders why they kept coming back.)
- A Jew and the Russian naval officer who
converted to Judaism, having been influenced and/or taught by that Jew, were
both burned at the stake in St. Petersburg, 1738.
- Jews of Holstein, Germany were granted
- 41 Jews were burned at the stake in Breslau,
1453. the rest of the
- Jews were expelled.
- Jews of Brussels were ordered expelled,
- Jews of Hebron were attacked by Arabs, 1835.
- 5000 Jews of Rovno, Polish Ukraine, were
killed by the Nazis, 1942.
Note: Every time I include an item relating to
a specific town, I realize that most people probably never heard of the place.
But I know that some people have. And a few, or even one, maybe came from
there. Or a member of the family. And the item means something special to that
person. 41 Jews here, 5000 Jews there, 30,000 somewhere else, 1 Jew in yet
another place. Places and times and numbers all vary. The death of a Jew,
anywhere, any place, any time - because they were Jewish - affects (or should)
- Yahrzeit of Rashi, "best friend" of
anyone who learns Torah or Talmud, 1105.
- The entire male Jewish population of Grodz,
Lithuania was killed by the Nazis, 1941.
This Day in Jewish