Glossary

Basar BeChalav

June 20, 2006, by

[m.]; a mixture of meat and milk (or dairy) ingredients; as in “Asur le’echol Cheeseburger ki hu Basar BeChalav,” “One is not allowed to eat a cheeseburger, because it is a mixture of meat and dairy ingredients.”

Basar VaDam

June 20, 2006, by

[m.] “flesh and blood;” as in “mashal l’melech basar vadam,” “a parable concerning a flesh-and-blood (human) king,” usually in contradistinction to Hashem, the Heavenly King.

Bat Mitzvah

June 20, 2006, by

[f; pl. “Bnot Mitzvah”]; literally, “daughter of the Mitzvah;” more correctly, the status of having reached the level of being obligated in all the responsibilities and entitled to all the privileges of an adult female, in Jewish Society. In Judaism, this status is attained when a young woman reaches the age of twelve years. This […]

Bayit

June 20, 2006, by

[m., pl.”Batim”]; a house. A human being lives in a house, and HaShem also, so to speak, “lives in a House,” the Beit HaMikdash.

Be”, “Ba”, “Be”, “Bo”, “Bei”

June 20, 2006, by

as in “hay” – Different pronunciations of the preposition “in;” as in “Bereshit bara Elokim,” “In the Beginning, G-d created” (Bereshit 1:1) and “Vaya-aminu BaHashem …,” “And they believed in Hashem …” (Shemot 14:31)

Bechirah Chofshit

June 20, 2006, by

“Freedom of Choice;” a fundamental belief of the Jewish Religion. “Bechirah” means “choice;” “Chofshit” means “free.” The concept means that the human being is not forced to choose “good” or “evil,” but is free to choose between them. This is, of course, the most fundamental choice of all, the one which the Bible associates with […]

Bein HaMetzarim

June 20, 2006, by

“Between the Straits;” figurative name for the period of the Three Weeks, which begins with Shivah Asar B’Tammuz and concludes with Tisha B’Av.

Beit Din

June 20, 2006, by

[m., pl. “batei din”]; a court of Jewish Law; in general, three judges sit on a “beit din,” for capital cases, twenty three are required, and for the most important cases, the “Sanhedrin” is the “beit din.”

Beit HaMikdash

June 20, 2006, by

[m., pl. “Batei Mikdash”]; holy Temple, spiritual center of the Jewish People. Three “Batei Mikdash” have played or, we believe, will soon play important roles in the Life of our People. “Bayit Rishon” – the First Temple, built by Shelomo Hamelech, King Solomon, in Jerusalem, executing the idea of his father, David HaMelech, King David, […]

Beitar

June 20, 2006, by

Jewish Fortress city in the Bar Kochba revolt; originally nearly “impregnable,” but after betrayal of its secret tunnel network, it fell to Rome, resulting in the massacre of hundreds of thousands of Jews and the crushing of the Bar Kochba Revolt.