Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
First organized Arab attack on a
Jewish settlement in Eretz Yisrael, 1886, against Petach Tikva.
the establishment of a library of Jewish books and art, 1942. (The U.S. army
recovered 600,000 volumes intact.)
Several thousand Jews of the Minsk
ghetto were killed by the Nazis, 1942.
Peasants Day in Burma. HBNC, '51.
- Follow this: Dr. Jacob Lumbrozo, 1st Jew in
Maryland had been indicted on charges of blasphemy, a capital offense for
quite a while after American independence, let alone before. He was given
amnesty in 1658 when Cromwell came to office. David Emmanuel, first Jewish
Governor in the United States, (Georgia) was sworn in, 1801.
- The Jewish infantry brigade became active,
- Israel, in compliance with the United Nations
resolution, withdrew from the Gaza Strip and other territories, 1957.
- Jews of Lubeck, Germany, were expelled, 1699.
- First permanent Government of Israel assumed
- Austrian Jews granted equal civil and
political rights, 1849.
- A Christian in Alsace was punished by the
Church for lighting a fire for a Jew on Shabbat, 1791. Vivaldi's b.d. 1678.
- German elections, 1933 gave Nazis control of
- Stallin died, 1953 disrupting plans for mass
deportations of Russian Jews.
- Jewish grand vizier under the Mongols of
Persia was assassinated, 1291.
- Independence Day in Equatorial Guinea.
- The Nazis bar Jewish physicians from treating
Aryans and vice-versa, 1940.
- Napoleon captured the city of Jaffa, 1799.
- Turkish soldiers killed 60 Jews in Bucharest,
1822. Aristotle died, 322BCE.
- Jews of Gloucher were massacred by Ukranians,
1918. Youth Day in Zambia.
- The Pope orders the burning of the Talmud,
- Jews of Carinthia, Austria were expelled, 1496
(and not readmitted until 1848).
- The Knesset passed the "Who is a
Jew?" bill, 1970.
- Jews were excluded from public office and
dignities in the Roman Empire, 1418.
- Vincent Fettmilch, responsible for the
massacre of many Jews, was hanged, 1616.
- Jews of Prussia were granted citizenship upon
their adoption of family names, 1812.
- Headquarters of the Jewish Agency in Jerusalem
was bombed, 1948.
- Anti-Jewish riots in Krakow, 1682.
- U.S. Congress allowed Rabbi's to serve as army
- Resolution to establish the Haganah, 1920.
- Jews of Vienna were forced to embrace
Christianity or were burned at the stake, 1421.
- Jews of New Amsterdam were denied permission
to build a shul, 1656. (Peter Stuyvesant's idea of religious freedom did not
extend to non-Christians).
- The American Magen David Adom was established,
- Marranos of Cordova, Spain, were massacred,
- Israel's Ben-Gurion and West Germany's
Adenauer met, 1960, to discuss mutual problems.
- King of France ordered the seizure of all Jews
of Paris attending shul and their detention for ransom, 1181.
- Deportation of the Jews from Thrace, 1943.
- German troops march into Prague, 1939.
- Anti-Jewish riots in Seville, Spain, 1391.
These riots initiated a wave of violence throughout Spain and Portugal which
claimed 50,000 lives within less than a year. Many Jews escaped death by
converting to Christianity. This marked the emergence of Marranos, approx.
- Provisional government of Russia voided many
anti-Jewish laws and restrictions, 1917. Jews of York, England killed
themselves rather than submit to Baptism, 1190.
- The Italian Fascist Party was organized, 1919.
- Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Lubny, Russia,
- Israel and Lebanon signed an armistice
- Adolf Hitler was granted dictatorial powers by
the German Reichstag, 1933.
- The first dated edition of Maimonides' Mishneh
Torah was published, 1490.
- 2500 Jews of the district of Lublin were
massacred and the rest of the Jews were deported, 1942.
- Kosher slaughtering was prohibited in Saxony,
- The Zion Mule Corps, consisting of Jewish
volunteers from Palestine, was formed, 1915. This was the first Palestinian
Jewish military unit attached to a regular army in the Christian era. It was
the forerunner of the Jewish Legion, which was formed in 1918.
- The Purim Association of the City of New York
was organized for the purpose of arranging annual Purim balls, 1862.
- The Pope authorized the printing of the Talmud
in Mantua on condition that the word Talmud be omitted, 1564. [Explain that
- The Chief Rabbinate of Palestine was
- The discovery of the mutilated body of Andrei
Yishinsky, near Kiev, Russia, led to the infamous trial of Mendel Beilis on
ritual-murder charges, 1911.
- Jews of Weissensee, Germany, were massacred,
- A new road leading to Sodom was dedicated,
- Rabbi Ovadya MiBartinura, popular Mishna
commentator, arrived in Jerusalem, 1488.
- The Rumanian government, 1902 prohibited Jews
from engaging in handicrafts or trade.
- PM Begin and Egypt's President Sadat signed a
peace treaty at the White House, 1979.
- In the Children's Action, 1944, the Nazis
raided the Kovno ghetto and removed all the children for execution.
- 32 Jews of Meshed, Persia were killed and the
remaining 100 families were forced to convert to Islam, 1839. (Nowhere
nearly as common as forced conversions to Christianity, but it did exist.)
Most of the Jews in this case continued practing their Judaism in secret.
- The British Army with the help of the Jewish
Brigade, captured Amman, 1918.
- The German Reichstag conferred dictatorial
powers on Hitler, 1933.
- Jews of Tel Aviv and Yafo were expelled by the
Turks, 1917 (T.A. was a new city of 8 years' existence.)
- Be'er Sheva was linked to Israel's railway
- King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella signed a
decree expelling the Jews of Spain, 1492.
- Torathon 5760.
- Lorenzo Bertran subjected to an auto-da-fe in
Seville, 1799. (Last person to be punished for Judaizing in Spain.)
- Jews of White Russia were forbidden to wear
distinctive clothes which would set them apart from the rest of the
- Emperor Joseph II granted Jews right of
residence in Pest, Hungary, 1783.
- Jews of Prague exiled, 1745.
- The Portuguese Inquisition was abolished,
1821. (Having been established in 1531, it was in existence 290 years.)
- Jews of Mayence, Germany, were massacred,
- Jews expelled from Spain and Sicily, 1492.
- Afula was founded, 1925.
- Hungary issued a decree ordering all Jews to
wear a yellow star, 1944.
- Mother Maria of Paris, a Russian nun who had
saved many French Jews by hiding them, was killed by the Nazis, 1945.
- Rumania barred Jews from professional and
agricultural schools, 1899.
This Day in Jewish