Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
- The Arab states and Israel agreed to a
- A pogrom broke out in Bialystok, Russia, 1906.
- Viktor Brack, who was Hitler's supervisor of
the installation of gas chambers in Poland, was executed, 1948.
- An Israeli attack on Egyptian positions at
Ashdod marked the turning point in the war between Israel and Egypt, 1948.
- U.S. House of Representatives requested the
president to have all international treaties which impair the rights of
American citizens because of religion amended to secure equal rights, 1879.
This was a result of Russian mistreatment of Jewish American businessman.
- Yizhak Rabin, the first native-born Israeli to
become prime minister of Israel, assumed office, 1974.
- The German military commander of occupied
France ordered all Jews to wear a yellow Star of David with the inscription
"Juif" on it, 1942.
- The republic of Croatia issued an order
depriving all Jews of their property and compelling them to wear a yellow
badge with the letter Z, 1941.
- A riotous mob led by the Queen Mother's
confessor, killed many Jews in Seville, Spain, 1391. The riots spread
throughout the country.
- War broke out between Israel and the Arab
- Israeli armed forces captured Yavneh, 1948.
- The Israeli army captured the city of Gaza.
The Jordanian cities of Latrun, overlooking the old road to Jerusalem, and
Qalqilya were also captured on the same day 1967.
- The U.N. Security Council unanimously ordered
a cease-fire in the Middle East War, 1967.
- Jews of Canada were accorded equal political
rights with Christians, 1832.
- The Allies marched into Rome, 1944. Jews
emerged from their hiding places and the gate of the great synagogue was
- The "Road of Valor" to Jerusalem was
completed by Israel, 1948.
- The Soviet government informed the Jewish
community that is would permit the opening of a yeshiva in Moscow for the
training of rabbis, 1957. The announcement was made on Shavuot, probably to
"impress" world Jewry that the USSR was doing a wonderful thing
for Jews and Judaism. Turns out that it was mostly "smoke". The
laymen's council of the yeshiva was dissolved in 1961. The bulk of the
students had come from Georgia. After Pesach of 1962, these students were
denied permits by the local government to return to Moscow. Thus the
yeshiva, reduced to a handful of students, could no longer hope to provide
rabbis for Russian Jewry.
- The Inquisition was introduced into Mexico,
- 24 wagonloads of talmudic volumes and 200
other rabbinic manuscripts were burned at Paris, 1242.
- Israel captured the Old City of Jerusalem
uniting the city for the first time since the establishment of the state. It
also captured, on the same day, Jericho, Bethlehem, and Sharm-el-Sheikh, and
lifted the blockade of the Gulf of Eilat. The entire Jordanian bulge on the
western bank of the Jordan came under Israeli control. Hostilities between
Israel and Jordan came to an end upon their acceptance of the cease-fire
demanded by the Security Council of the U.N., 1967.
- Israel, Egypt, and Syria accepted the
cease-fire ordered by the Security Council, 1967.
- Jewish insurgent forces captured the fortress
of Antonia in Jerusalem, 65. This battle marked the outbreak of the Jewish
revolt against Rome.
- Oswald Pohl, chief of the economic office of
the SS, Otto Ohlendorf, responsible for the murder of 90,000 Ukranian Jews,
and Colonel Paul Blobel, organizer of the massacre of the Jews of Kiev, were
- The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of
America (parent organization of the Israel Center) was organized,
Israel and Syria cease-fire,
Himmler ordered the liquidation
of all Polish ghettos, 1943.
French (Vichy) planes bombed Tel
Aviv killing 20 Jews, 1941.
Rumania and Finland recognize
Bnei Braq founded, 1924.
Cornerstone for AECOM, 1954.
Pope allows Jews accused by the
Inquisition the right to know who their accusers were, 1299.
Jews of Genoa were expelled, 1567.
Riots in Tzfat cost many lives,
12 Jews of Cologne martyred,
- Massacre of the Jews of Erfurt, Germany, 1221.
Formerly observed as a fast day (25 Sivan)
- Central system of Israel's underground water supply was
dedicated in Northern Negev, 1951.
- Beginning of the War of 1812.
- Napoleon's Waterloo, 1815 (the term became to
mean a crushing defeat, but the one referred to here was the original,
- First Soviet citizen (Jewish) to be issued an
immigrant visa to Israel - try guessing the year before you look - 1951. The
hoped-for easing of the Russian policy of not letting its citizens out did
not materialize for decades to come.
- Panama and Costa Rica (whose embassy is one of
the two in Jerusalem) recognized Israel, 1948.
- Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg was imprisoned, 1286.
- King Louis IX of France decreed that all Jews
must wear the distinctive yellow badge, 1269.
- 20 Jews were killed in a bombing in the Jewish
Quarter of Cairo, 1948.
- Haidamack uprising cost 50,000 Ukranian Jews
their lives, 1768.
- Mass killings of Jews by the Nazis began, 1942
- 4,000 Jews were killed in Toledo, Spain, 1391.
- The Rhodes Conference on the Israeli-Arab war
- Himmler ordered the destruction of all Russian
- Citizens of Nuremberg, Bavaria received
permission to expel its Jews, 1498. (Read that one again, and think about
- Germany invaded Lithuania and Latvia in its
first attacks against Russia, 1941.
- The Jewish Brigade was formed, 1942.
- Jewish quarter of Prague was burned and
- Jews of Posen, Poland were saved from a mob
set to avenge the murder of a soldier, 1696. A peasant woman seized carrying
the victim's clothing, confessed to her son's murder.
- Jews were granted permission by Empress
Catherine II to settle in Kiev, 1794. The great yeshivot of Slobodka and
Telz closed their doors the day after Germany invaded Lithuania, 1941.
- The pope entered Rome and spurned the Torah
scrolls offered to him by the Jewish community, 1295.
- Massacre of the Jews of Wiener-Neustadt,
- The Inquisitor of Ancona, Italy decreed that
Jews may not live in any municipality where there was no ghetto, 1843.
(Would have thought it was way earlier in history. Amazing how long some
people stayed in the dark ages.)
- Second expulsion of Jews from France, 1322.
- First public warning of rising anti-Semitism
in the U.S. was given in a sermon by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, 1873.
- Russia prohibited Zionist meetings, 1903.
- Germany occupied Kovno and Vilna, 1941, and
killed the Jews of Gorzhdy (all in Lithuania).
- 1000 Jews of Tulchin, Poland were tortured and
massacred by Cossacks, 1648.
- Massacre of the Jews of Ifhauben, Austria,
- 3rd expulsion of the Jews from France, 1322.
- Many Jews were killed in a pogrom at Jassy,
- Rabbi Menashe b. Yisrael applied for official
permission to practice Judaism in England, 1656. Permission was granted
(surprise?) bu the Council of State.
- Spain granted Jews and Protestants the right
of public worship for the first time since Ferdinand and Isabella proclaimed
catholicizsm as Spain's only religion, 1967.
- Lithuanian facists massacred 2300 Jews in
- Rabbi Yom Tov Lipmann Heller was imprisoned,
- First printed edition of the Sefer Hachinuch,
- Bialystok, Poland fell to the German, 1941.
- The volunteers of the Jewish Battalion in
World War I were sent to the front, 1918
- 1500 Jews were killed in Kovno, 1941.
- Minsk, Russia was captured by the Germans,
1942, trapping approx. 40,000 Jews.
- British arrested 100 leaders of the Yishuv on
the "Black Sabbath", 1946.
- Nazis murdered the male Jews of Drobian,
- Crusaders massacred the Jews of Mehr, 1096.
- In 1294, the Jewish community of Berne,
Switzerland forfeited all financial claims against non-Jews, and then were
expelled from the country.
- The Jewish community of Morgentheim, Austria
was massacred, 1298.
- Henry Ford retracted and apologized for the
publication of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, 1927.
- The last British armed forces left Israel,
This Day in Jewish