Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
- Titus set up battering rams to assault the
walls of Jerusalem, 70c.e.
- Russian Jews granted permission to print
Jewish books, 1862.
- Pogrom in Jassy, the cradle of Rumanian
anti-Semitism claimed 5000 Jewish lives, 1941.
- First Jew to lose his life in the American
- Sir Herbert Samuel became first British
High-Commissioner of Palestine, 1920. (The dedication of what street took
place in his presence?)
- Jews of Lithuania received a Charter of
- Nazi-instigated pogrom claimed many Jewish
lives in Lvov, 1941.
- Chumash with
Ramban first published in 1490.
- Pogrom in Bialystock, 1903.
- Pogrom in Kielce, Poland, first post Nazi
massacre of the Jews, 1946.
- Catherine II of Russia restricted the area
where Jews were permitted to trade, 1794.
- RAID AT ENTEBBE, 1976.
- The non-Jewish owner of a building used as a
shul was burned at the stake, 1632.
- American Independence was declared on 17th of
- 41 Jews were burned at the stake in Brelau,
1453. The remainder of the Jewish population was expelled.
- The then 50-year old Jewish community of the
Belgian Congo, consisting of 2500 Jews fled in the wake of riots which
followed independence, 1960.
- The Knesset passed a law granting every Jew
the absolute right to settle in Israel, 1950.
- The Pope decreed against blood-ritual charges,
1247. (It seems that the decree was ignored.)
- Another pope banned forced baptism of Jews,
1345. (This decree was overturned by subsequent pope's in 1597 and 1747 -
and probably by others at other times as well.)
- President Roosevelt called for an
international conference to consider the "displaced persons"
problem, 1938. The negligible results highlight the passive role the Western
world in the face of the Nazis.
- The first 14 members of BILU arrived at Yaffa
- Bendin (Poland) ghetto uprising, 1942.
5000 Jews of Kovno
executed by Nazis, 1940.
Hundreds of Jews of
Catalonia murdered, 1358.
Jew badge for all the
Baltic States, 1941.
A band of Druze attacked the
Jewish community of Tzfat, 1838.
First Jewish settler in North
America leaves for New Amsterdam, 1654.
Jewish settlers, with Torah and
other religious items, arrive in Savannah, Georgia, 1733.
Jews expelled from Little Russia,
Gates of the Jewish ghetto in
Venice were torn down, 1797.
Kovno ghetto liquidated by the
- Equal rights for Jews of Rumania, 1878.
- Israeli law prohibiting the raising of pigs in
Jewish settlements, 1963.
- Anti-Jewish riots in Cordova, Spain, 1148.
- 5000 Jews of Rovno (Polish Ukraine) executed
by the Nazis, 1942.
- Israel bombed Cairo. 1948.
- 6000 Lithuanian Jews were killed, 1941.
- Jews of Holstein, Germany were granted
- Berlin Jews attacked by Nazi gangs, 1935.
- Spanish Inquisition was officially abolished,
- Crusaders captured Jerusalem, 1099.
- The pope promulgated a Church doctrine which
held Jews doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation because they killed
you know whom, 1205. This classic charge of deicide was officially removed
- A Russian Jew and the ger he had converted to
Judaism were burned at the stake in St. Petersburg, 1738.
- Crusaders herded the Jews of Jerusalem into a
shul and set it aflame, all the Jews perished in the fire, 1099. For the 88
years of Crusader control of Jerusalem, Jews were barred from the city.
- The first train with Jews from Holland left
for a killing camp, 1942.
- 13,000 Jews of Paris were rounded up by the
French police for deportation, 1942.
- The execution of Czar Nicholas II, 1918
brought an end to a dynasty guilty of many crimes against Jews.
- Legislation abolishing discrimination against
the service of chaplains in the United States army became a law, 1862. (an
entry of this type in BHYY is not meant to highlight this particular event,
but rather to call to the reader's attention that such discrimination
existed in the U.S. in the first place.)
- The expulsion of all Marranos in Ghent,
- Raoul Wallenberg was reported by Russia to
have died in prison, 1947.
- Jews of Brussels were ordered expelled, 1716.
- The British seized the Exodus carrying 4000
"illegal" immigrants, 1947. Its defiance of the British navy and
its ultimate return to Germany formed one of the most dramatic episodes in
post-war Jewish history.
- King Edward I ordered the expulsion of all
Jews from England, 1290. (It was on Tish'a
- The second truce in the war on Independence
went into effect, 1948.
- The Yarkon water project opened, 1955.
- 38 Jews were burned at the stake in Berlin,
- Napoleon decreed that all Jews of the French
Empire must adopt family names, 1808.
- The famous disputation between the Ramban and
Pablo Christiani opened, 1263.
- Libya ordered the confiscation of Jewish
- Jews of Upina, Lithuania, were killed by the
- Haifa port was opened to traffic, 1933.
- Russia removed the ban on Hebrew and Yiddish
- 10,000 Jews of Polannoe were killed in the
Chmielnicki massacres, 1648.
- A bill for the emancipation of the Jews of
England was passed by the House of Commons, 1833; rejected by the House of
Lords until 1845!
- The mass transportation of Jews of the Warsaw
ghetto was announced, 1942 Deportation began on Leil Tish'a b'Av and
continued for 53 days, during which, 300,000 Jews were taken to the killing
- Rehovot was attacked by Arabs in 1913.
- Jews of Austria were required to take family
- Prussian Jewry granted equality, 1847.
- The Jews of Wurzburg massacred, 1298.
- Arabs took control of most of Eretz Yisrael
from the Byzantines, 636.
- A violent earth quake hit Eretz Yisrael, 501.
Acco was totally destroyed.
- League of Nations confirmed Britian's mandate,
- The entire Jewish male population of Grodz,
Lithuania was killed by the Nazis, 1941.
- Russian army liberated Lublin concentration
- Anti-Jewish riots in Posin, 1716.
- Jews of Frankfort killed in the Black Death
- Cornerstone of Hebrew University was laid,
- Mussolini was dismissed from office, 1943. His
downfall eased the situation for Italy's Jews.
- Jews of Hebron were attacked, 1835.
- Jewish community of Vienna was expelled, 1670.
- The Turkish government barred immigration of
Russian and Romanian Jews, 1882 and forbade the sale of land in E. Yisrael
- Anti-Jewish riots in Breslau, 1360, resulted
in many deaths and the expulsion of those that remained alive.
- Sir Moses Montefiore died, 1885.
- The Inquisition was established by Pope
Clement IV, 1267. Last victim of the Inquisition was executed in Valencia,
Spain, 1826 - 559 years later, to the day.
- Last Jews left Vienna, following expulsion
orders, 1670. It was a Tish'a b'Av.
- Jews of Rome were forced into a ghetto by
order of Pope Paul IV, 1555.
- Baron Lionel de Rothschild became the first
Jew to sit in the British parliament, 1858, after a new oath of office was
agreed upon that did not refer to Christianity.
- Jews of New Amsterdam requested permission to
open a cemetery in 1655. Permission was initially denied and was finally
granted a year later.
- A plane bound for Israel was shot down by
Bulgaria, 1955. 58 people were killed.
- New Zealand recognized Israel, 1950 (what took
them so long?)
- Jewish males of Aniksht and the Jews of
Vilkovishk, both Lithuania, were killed by the Nazis, 1941
- 3000 children were killed by Chmeilnicki's
hordes in Konstantnow, 1648.
- 10,000 Jews of Minsk were killed by the Nazis,
- First shipload of Russian Jews arrived in New
York, 1881, following pogroms in Russia. This was the beginning of mass
immigration to the U.S. during that period of time.
- A religious youth center, Tiferet achurim, was
secretly opened in the Kovno ghetto, 1942.
- Israeli airmen shot down four MIGs flown by
Russian pilots over the Suez, 1970. This marked the first military encounter
between Israeli and Russian forces.
- German elections, 1878, resulted in the
reactionary element having a dominant voice in the Reichstag. This date is
considered the birthday of modern German anti- Semitism.
- 16 Jews were burned at the stake in Barcelona,
- The ghetto in Florence, Italy was established,
- The Final Solution was officially undertaken
by the Nazis, by order of Goering, 1941.
- The one millionth Oleh since the establishment
of the State, arrived in Israel, 1961.
This Day in Jewish