Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
Biblical plague of Dever.
seventh and last of the Crusades ended, 1270.
Rabbi Yehuda HaChasid arrived in
Jerusalem, 1700. He died 3 days later. A shul was built on land he had purchased
for that purpose, and was named for him. The Arabs burned the shul in 1720. It
was rebuilt in 1837 and destroyed by the Arabs again in 1948. Today it is known
as the Hurva.
Purim Mo'ed Katan celebrated
by Jews in Persia who escaped forced conversions.
Pogrom in Odessa took 300
Jewish lives, 1905.
Mir Yeshiva was forced to close its doors after 124 years,
1939. Today, B"H, it is alive and well in Jerusalem.
Nazis executed 10,000
Vilna Jews, 1941.
King Cyrus of Persia formally
occupied Babylon, 579 b.c.e.
Last of 16,000 Jews of England expelled by King
Edward I left, 1290.
Germany occupied Kharkov - 20,000 Jews fall into Nazi
reached Jerusalem, 1165, six months after his
arrival in Eretz Yisrael. He and his family celebrated the date as a private
Rumanian soldiers massacre 26,000 Jews
of Odessa, '41.
Nazis liquidate Riga ghetto, 1943.
Torquemada was appointed
Inquisitor-General of Spain, 1483.
Purim Edom by the Algerian
Jewish Community celebrating their escape from capture by the Spanish army,
Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yehuda
HaChasid, leader of a large Ashkenazi aliya, 1700 - 3 days after his
arrival. (The "Hurva" was originally the shul named for him.)
Austria's Jews were forbidden to
have the first names of Christian saints, 1834.
Jews of Landau, Germany,
ordered to wear yellow badge, 1468 (notice that the yellow badge was not
invented by the Nazis).
Yahrzeit of Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Kalischer, 1874.
Yahrzeit of Rabbi Avraham Rice,
1845, one of the Orthodox leaders of the Baltimore Jewish community and
founder of one of the first Hebrew schools in the U.S., 1869.
Hebrew became one of the
official languages of the courts in E. Yisrael under the British Mandate,
King of Siciliy forbids
decorating the outside of Shuls, 1366. (King Frederick III probably thought of
himself as being kind to the Jews for allowing them to have a shul in the
100 Jews of Florence, Italy deported to
extermination camps, 1943.
First census in Israel counts 712,000 Jews, 1948.
10,000 Jews of Kovno ghetto
taken for execution, 1941.
Jewish children under the age of 12 were taken from
the Shavl, Lithuania and executed, 1943.
First Jews arrived at the sight of Petach Tikvah to prepare
the ground for a new settlement, 1878.
Yahrzeit of Rabbi Meir Shapira, organizer of Daf Yomi,
Yahrzeit of Rabbeinu Yona (Gerondi),
Oldest shul in America dedicated (Surinam), 1685.
The Rabbi Yehuda HaChasid shul was set afire, 1720. (the
shul was repaired and used until 1947 when the Jordanians destroyed it
again. Today we know its sight and remains as the Hurva.)
10,000 Jewish lives were lost to Nazi mass executions of
Kovno's Jewish community, 1941.
Yahrzeit of the Rosh (Rabbeinu
Earthquake with hundreds of fatalities in Tzfat, 1759.
Turkey forbids ritual charges against Jews, 1840.
Jews of Sweden allowed to
acquire land, 1860.
Weizmann Institute, Rechovot dedicated, 1949.
Yahrzeit of Metushelach.
Birthdate of Binyomin.
Yahrzeit of Rachel
180 Jews Killed in Munich
Germany, 1285 (how come we don't learn from history?).
"And He said, What have you done! Your
brothers blood cries out to Me from the ground." (B'reishit 4:10). The
Pasuk tells us that the land itself had become contaminated as a result of the
abomination it witnessed - one brother killing another. The Torah extends the
query of AYEKA, to ask all mankind, in all times: "What have you done? Have
you not learned the lesson of the terrible act and its tragic consequences - an
eternal curse shattering the peace between Man and Earth!" May we learn the
lesson, mending SIN'AT CHINAM with AHAVAT CHINAM.
Rindfleisch massacres claim
200 Jewish lives, 1298.
The U.N. declares that "Zionism is Racism",
Jews of England imprisoned
by King John, 1210.
First Siddur printed in America, 1760.
Anne Frank deported
from Auschwitz to Belsen, where she died 5 months later, 1944.
Jews of Prague miraculously
escaped destruction during a particular battle of the Thirty Years War, 1619.
Final British gov't. approval for Balfour Declaration, 1917.
males deported to Auschwitz, 1942.
Yahrzeit of Matityahu b.
Yochanan Kohen Gadol, 166 B.C.E.
Hebrew date of Kristallnacht 1938.
Warsaw listed 359,827 Jews, 1939.
15,000 Jews massacred in Rowno, Poland, 1941.
"Magic Carpet" Aliya of Yemenite Jews began,
Beginning of the Mabul
(according to R. Eliezer).
Chmielnicki's forces massacred 12,000 Jews, 1648.
Hermann Goering announced
plans for Madagascar as a home for European Jewry, 1938.
16,000 killed in Pinsk,
Earliest known Yiddish
letter from America (Barnard Gratz to his brother Michael in London), 1785.
(Widespread use of Yiddish in America began in 1880 with the large influx of
Russian Jews fleeing pogroms.
U.S. census of 1940 counted 1,750,000 Yiddish
Jewish physicians barred
from treating Christians, Sicily, 1296.
Yahrzeit of the Tosfot Yom Tov, 1616.
Proposal to establish independent Jewish homeland in Israel, 1818 (by an English
missionary to Czar of Russia - go figure).
Deportation of Budapest Jews began,
Stones of the Mizbei'ach
defiled by the Greeks were removed from the Beit Hamikdash area - holiday
established to mark date, 164 B.C.E.
Italian anti-Semitic code published, 1938.
Yarzheit of Baron Edmund de
Patria, ship with illegal immigrants, sank in Haifa port, 200
First Jewish wedding in
Argentina, 1860. (Spain had barred Jews from Argentina. 7 years after the
Spanish regime was overthrown, all restrictions were removed.)
12,000 Minsk Jews, 1942.
No'ach & Co. left the
Ark after the Flood.
Rafa and Mitla Pass fall into Israeli hands, Sinai
Anti-Jewish riots in
Bucharest, Rumania cost many Jewish lives, 1593.
Jewish population of Israel
reached 1,000,000 - 1949.
Jews permitted to live in
Alexandria, 641, with the Arab capture of Egypt. (The Jewish community there was
already 1000 years old by that time.)
Israel captured Khan Yunis, concluding the
occupation of the Gaza Strip, 1956.
American forces take New
York back from the British, 1783.
The Jews who had fled the British were able to
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