Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
- First time a rabbi gave the
invocation at a session of the U.S. Congress, 1860.
- The Palestine Post building
in Jerusalem was bombed, 1948, resulting in the loss of many lives.
takes over Iran, 1979.
- The surrender of the German army
in Stalingrad, 1943, marked a significant turning point in World War II.
- King of Sicily invited the Jews
to return, 1740.
- Russian gov't ordered the closing of the yeshiva in
- Oliver Cromwell granted the
right of residence in England to a Jew (one Luis Carvajal), 1657. (Some
historians say that this is the earliest official British act of tolerance in
favor of the Jews. [One wonders if this is supposed to be a source of pride.]
They continue to explain that the attitude of tolerance explains Jewish
settlement in the British colonies of America and other places in the British
- Jewish physicians of Galicia granted permission to treat Christian
- Israel exported copper ore from the King Solomon mines, 1959,
first time since ancient times.
Jews of Sicily ordered to attend
conversive sermons, 1428.
Egyptian parliament ended boycott against Israel,
- A religious disputation between
Jews and Apostate by order of Benedict XIII, 1413.
- The first auto-da-fe by the
Spanish Inquisition, 1481, Seville, Spain.
- Inquisition established in South
- First armed struggle between Jews and Nazis in the Warsaw ghetto,
- France extended financial
support to Jewish religious institutions on par with Christian institutions,
- The French Sanhedrin convened by
- Nazis provoked the first anti-Jewish riots in Amsterdam, 1941;
the attackers were driven off by the Jews.
- The Technion in Haifa opened, 1925.
- Jews were granted right of
residence in Stuttgart, Germany, 1779. (As bad as all the bad things that
happened to the Jewish people were, one often considers some of the good things
also bad - PC)
- First ship to break the British blockade of Palestine, 1934.
(Worldwide publicity of "illegal" immigration of Jews to Israel was an
important factor in England's ultimate decision to give up the mandate.)
Russia broke diplomatic
relations with Israel, 1953.
Jews of Uberlingen, Switzerland were massacred,
- Abraham Lincoln and Charles
Darwin born on the same day, 1809.[February 13]
- Byzantine Emperor Justinian
ordered the public reading of the Greek translation to Parshat Hashavuah on
Shabbat morning and prohibited Rabbis from giving drashot on the Torah portion,
- The Knesset opened its first
- Jews of Rome had been subjected to a humiliating medieval
practice of running a race in the Roman carnivals, scantily clad, amid insults
and blows. This practice of "Black Monday" (the day of the weekly
carnival) ended in 1667.
- 2000 Jews were burned in Strasbourg,1349.
- Mikveh Yisrael home of the
first Jewish agricultural school in Palestine, was founded, 1870.
- Jews miraculously escaped
violent earthquake in Italy, 1570.
- First organized Arab attack, on Tirat Tzvi,
- First shul in Madrid for 425 years was dedicated, 1917.
- Jews of Sweden
were emancipated, 1870.
- Chaim Weizmann was elected
first president of Israel. (First Jew to carry the title NASI in over 1500
- The Struma with 769 illegal
Jewish immigrants was torpedoed by a Nazi submarine, 1942.
- Pope banned all social contact
between Jews and Christians, 1451. This was because of the fear of Christians
being attracted to Judaism. A Christian who converted to Judaism and the Jews
who helped him were usually subject to the death penalty in most Catholic and
Eastern Orthodox countries. [Amazing that with the Church's attitude towards
Judaism, and with the contempt that Jews were held in, that there should be such
a fear of "Jewish missionizing".]
- Renoir's b.d. 1841.
- Crusader massacre of the Jews
of Wurtzburg, 1147.
- Jews of the Papal States (except for Rome and
expelled by the pope, 1569.
- Maryland removed the requirement of a Christian oath
for public office, and substituted a declaration of belief in reward and
punishment and the World to Come. 1825.
- Levi Eshkol died, 1969.
- Jews of Austria expelled, 1670.
- First Maccabia games in Israel, 1932.
- Egypt and Israel exchanged ambassadors,
- Rumania excluded Jews from
public service (and the tobacco trade), 1887.
- MacDonald White Paper, 1940,
included restriction of sale of Arab land to Jews in Eretz Yisrael. This
document nearly voided the Balfour Declaration
- An earthquake in Agadir,
Morocco killed 5000 people, including hundreds of Jews, 1960.
This Day in Jewish