Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
- World War I broke out, 1914.
- The Russian army liberated Kovno in
- First reliable report of the Nazi plan to
murder all the Jews reached the West, 1942. The U.S. State Department suppressed
the report for several weeks, until it had otherwise been received by Jews
in New York.
- The period of the expulsion from Spain began,
1492 (it was Tish'a b'Av).
- Hitler assumed the powers of head of state and
commander-in- chief of the armies, making him an absolute dictator, 1934.
- Jews were ordered expelled from Hungarian
Ruthenia, 1941 (it too was Tish'a b'Av).
- A handful of Jewish survivors of the Kovno
ghetto - including Rabbi Efrayim Oshri, author of Responsa from the
Holocaust - emerged from hiding, 1944.
- Columbus set sail for the New World, 1492.
There is an entry in Columbus' diary noting the expulsion of Jews from Spain
right before he set sail.
- Follow this one; these really gets you - The
emperor of Bohemia, in 1797, ordered that Jews who volunteered for army
service should be allowed to marry outside the restricted quota of marriage
of Jews. Think about that one!
- Oil pipeline from Eilat to Haifa was
- Columbus set sail for the New World, 1492. There is an entry in Columbus' diary noting the expulsion of Jews from Spain right before he set sail.
- Follow this one; these really gets you - The emperor of Bohemia, in 1797, ordered that Jews who volunteered for army service should be allowed to marry outside the restricted quota of marriage of Jews. Think about that one!
- Oil pipeline from Eilat to Haifa was completed, 1958.
- Pope Nicholas III ordered required attendance of Jews to hear sermons on conversion, 1278.
- First printed edition of the Zohar, 1558. This popularized the study of
Kabbala, mysticism and messianism.
- First train with Jews from Belgium to Auschwitz, 1942.
- Anti-Jewish riots in Arnstadt, Germany, 1264.
- Massacre of the Jews of Barcelona, Spain, 1391.
- Yahrzeit of Rabbi David ben Avraham Maimuni
HaNagid, grandson of the Rambam, 1301.
- Cease fire between Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon on the one hand and Israel on the other, 1970.
- 407 Jews of Zhitomir, Russia were executed by the Nazis, 1941.
- Bar Ilan University was founded, 1955.
- Jews of Great Poland were authorized by King Sigisnund to elect a chief Rabbi, 1541.
- A group of 70 people led by the followers of the
Vilna Gaon arrived in Eretz
- 10,000 Jews were sent from the Borislave ghetto to the Belsen death camp, 1942, in the first mass deportation to the gas chambers.
- The Turkish government renounced its sovereignty over Eretz Yisrael and recognized the British mandate, 1920.
- Massacre of the Jews Gerona, Spain, 1391.
- The British Aliens Act, which reflected
anti-Jewish bias, became a law, 1905.
- Joop Westerweel, Dutch poet and educator was
executed by the Nazis, 1944, for helping Jews escape.
- Moshav Magdi'el (now part of Hod Hasharon) was
- Nazis began systematic murder of the Jews of
Dvinsk, Latvia, 1941.
- 24 of the foremost Yiddish writers of Russia
were executed by the Soviet Government, 1952.
- 17 Jews were burned at the stake in Silesia
(now Poland and/or Czech Republic), 1453.
- Jews of Great Poland are granted limited
- Jewish Agency for Palestine founded, 1929.
- 120 Jewish families arrived in Buenos Aires,
1889, giving birth to the modern Argentinean Jewish community.
- Archbishop of Lvov provided hiding places for
Jewish children and Sifrei Torah, 1942.
- S.A. Bierfield was lynched by the K.K.K. in
Franklin Tenn., 1868, first such incident involving a Jew.
- Albert Bettelhein, journalist and author,
convicted by a Georgia jury of murder, was lynched by an
anti-Semitic mob, 1915.
- Bialystok ghetto uprising, 1943.
- Bogdan Chemlnicki (with the blood of over
300,000 Jews on his hands) died, 1675.
- The Council of 4 Countries (semi-autonomous
congress of Polish Jewry) met for the last time, 1762. It functioned
for almost 200 years before the Polish government ordered its
- Now watch this one: Jews of Budapest, Hungary,
received permission from the government, 1787, to conduct religious
services in private homes provided no rabbi officiated.
- The pope prohibited Jews from admitting
Christians into shuls, 1592.
- 500 Jews were taken by the Nazis from the Kovno
ghetto to be killed, 1941.
- Queen of Poland granted the Jews of Pinsk all
the rights already granted to the Jews of Lithuania - 1533.
- First printing of Shulchan Aruch, Orech Chaim,
1555 (in Eretz Yisrael). Imagine how inaccessible texts for Jewish
life and learning were before the advent of printing.
- One of the earliest recorded instances of
Christian censorship of Jewish writings, 1263, ordered by King James
I of Aragon. (And to think we liked him so much from his role in the
- Sh'chita was banned in Switzerland, 1893. (The
ban is still in place and the Jewish community gets its meat from
several different countries.)
- A riotous mob attacked the ghetto of Buda
(that's the half of Budapest that is on the right bank of the
Danube, which was joined with Pest on the left bank in 1873), 1684.
In gratitude to G-d for being spared serious injury, the Jews
celebrated Buda Purim on the 10th of Elul.
- Italy banned Jews from teaching in public and
- England allowed Jews to hold the ancient and
important office of Sheriff, 1835.
- 160 Jews of Chinon, France were burned to death
on charges of well-poisoning, 1321.
- The execution by the Jewish authorities of an
informer led to the repeal of Jewish jurisdiction in criminal cases
in Castile, 1379.
- Jews of Brno (now a city in the Czech Republic;
then a free imperial city of Moravia) were expelled by King
- Jacob Barsimson, the first known Jew to settle
in North America, arrived in New Amsterdam, 1654. (Shmulke
Bernstein's had not yet opened.)
- Anti-Jewish riots in Bransk, Poland,
- Jews from America, England, and Eretz
Yisrael volunteered for the Royal Fusiliers, 1917, although they
formed Jewish units, they were not designated as such nor were they
allowed to wear Jewish insignias. (But most did anyway.)
- Jews of Palma were massacred, 1391.
- Jews of Cologne, Germany set fire to their
homes and perished in the flames, 1349, to escape forced baptism.
- Operation Magic Carpet, which brought 45,000
Yemenite Jews to Israel, was concluded, 1950.
- Illegal Jewish immigrants who had been exiled
by the British to the Island of Mauritius were admitted into E.
- Get this one - the Nazis passed a law, 1938,
requiring all Jews to take the names Israel and Sara. Apparently,
this was Goebbels way of mocking the Jews, since both names contain
the word SAR, a person of power.
- 7,000 stateless Jews in the Vichy Free Zone of
France were rounded up, 1942.
- Nazis closed all shuls and schools in the Kovno
The forged Protocols of the Elders of Zion were serialized in a
Russian publication, 1903. This document has been a favorite among
anti-Semites since then.
- The Jewish community of Posvol, Lithuania was
massacred by the Nazis, 1941.
- A Jewish agricultural colony was established in
New Jersey, 1891. This was one of several attempts at Jewish
settlement in the Americas. The failure of most of these projects
confirmed the view that Jews needed a historical and religious link
to the soil upon which they would work in order for them to succeed.
- Peter Stuyvesant barred Jews from military
- Chaim Weizmann informed the prime minister of
England, 1939, that the Jews of E. Yisrael would stand by Great Britain
and fight on the side of the democracies during World War II.
- T'hilim with Kimchi's commentary was published
for the first time in Bologna, Italy, 1477.
- The discovery of the body of a Christian child
led to the ritual accusations and hanging of many prominent Jews of
- The Jewish community of Neutitschlin, Moravia
was expelled, 1563.
- The first Knesset building was dedicated in
Secular date of Rav
Kook's passing, 1935.
Massacre of the Jews of
Hitler issued Directive
no.1, 1939 ordering the attack on Poland to begin at dawn the
This Day in Jewish