Thanks to Phil Chernofsky of the OU/NCSY Israel Center for Including
This Material in His Remarkable Torah
Tidbits, based on the book Day by Day in Jewish History by Rabbi
Abraham P. Bloch z''l
This Day in Jewish
- Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Jerusalem,
- The official Nazi boycott of German Jewish
merchants started, 1933.
- Hebrew University of Jerusalem was opened by
Lord Balfour, 1925.
- The emergence of the Nazi Party, 1920. (This
happened on the anniversary of the day that Haman published his decree of
extermination of the Jews.)
- Menahem Begin visited Cairo, Egypt, 1979.
(First visit by an Israeli Prime Minister to Egypt.)
- Jews of Genoa, Italy, were expelled, 1550.
- A number of London Jews were martyred
following ritual charges, 1279.
- Israel and Jordan signed an armistice
- Emperor Charles V confirmed the privileges of
Austrian Jews, 1544.
- 26 Jews were wounded in Salzburg, Austria, in
the first serious outbreak of postwar anti-Semitism, 1951.
- The Russian revolutionary government granted
equality to all Russian Jews for the first time in Russian history, 1917.
(In the first decade of the 20th century Russia had, under its effective
control and domination, about 50 percent of the total world Jewish
population. The grant of equality by the Russian revolutionary government
affected, therefore, a major part of world Jewry. By the end of the second
decade Russia had under its jurisdiction only about 18 percent of the total
- Arabs killed and wounded many Jews in
- Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Dabrowa,
- The Polish army executed 35 young Jews who had
helped in the distribution of packages sent by the Joint to the Jewish
community of Pinsk, 1919. (The relief activities of the Joint Distribution
Committee were used by Russians, in the declining years of Stalin, as a
pretext for their anti-Semitic charges of disloyalty against Soviet Jews.)
Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Seville, Spain, 1464.
- Jews of Prussia were granted equality, 1848.
- The body of Baron Edmond de Rothschild was
reinterred in Zichron Yaakov, the wine-producing village which had been
established with his help, 1954.
- First oil tanker to Eilat arrived with Persian
Gulf oil, 1957.
- Germany invaded Yugoslavia and Greece, 1941.
- Nazis established two ghettos in Radom,
- The Dutch West India Co. granted Michael
Cardoso the right to practice law in Brazil 1645, a privilege no other Jew
enjoyed at that time anywhere else. (Imagine how many Jewish lawyers there
are today. Did you hear the one about the lawyer and the dentist? - never
- First two Nazi anti-Jewish decrees, barring
Jews from public service and law, 1933.
- Nazis establish Kielce ghetto, 1941
- Soldiers, incited by ritual charges, riot and
kill 128 Jews in Bucharest, 1801.
- Germany invaded Norway and Denmark, 1940.
- The Chumash with Yiddish translation was
published in Cremona, Italy, 1570.
- Ritual charges resulted in pogroms on the
island of Corfu, 1891.
- Decree ordering the Jews of Barcelona to kneel
when meeting a priest with the sacraments, 1302.
- Tel Aviv was founded, 1909.
- The cornerstone of the Haifa Technion was
- The trial of Adolph Eichmann on charges of
genocide opened in Jerusalem, 1961.
- 30 Jews killed in riots in Cracow, 1464.
- U.S. forces liberated Buchenwald with its
20,000 inmates, 1945.
- Knesset resolution, 1951, setting 27 Nissan as
- Portuguese Marranos who had reverted back to
Judaism were burned to death in Acona, Italy, 1556. A Jewish-led boycott of
the port of Acona marked the first community-wide effort by "free"
Jews, since the beginning of the Diaspora, to hit back at their enemies.
- The first transport of Jews of Athens, Greece,
left for Auschwitz, 1944.
- Pope refuses to allow Jews of Cordova, Spain
to build a shul, 1250
- Pope granted liberal privileges to Jews of
- Sinking of the Titanic, 1912.
- British army liberated Belsen camp and its
40,000 inmates, 1945.
- Po'al ha-Mizrachi, the religious Zionist labor
movement, founded, 1922.
- All civic limitations imposed on Jews of the
German Empire were lifted, 1871. It may be said to have brought medieval
anti-Semitism to a conclusion. Ten years later, almost to the day, Germany
opened the new epoch of modern anti-Semitism (Nisan 26). The cycle is
completed by the anniversary of the opening of the Eichmann trial.
- Prussian Frederick the Great imposed
oppressive restrictions upon Jews, 1750. His anti-Jewish policies
foreshadowed the survival of anti-Semitism in the age of
- 3000 Jews of Prague were massacred, 1389.
- Belgium Jewish underground aided by Christian
railroad men derailed a train with Jewish deportees bound for the
extermination camps, several hundred Jews were saved, 1943.
- Anti-Jewish violence broke out in Budapest,
- The Polish army occupied Vilna and attacked
its Jewish community, 1919.
- Massacre of Marranos of Lisbon, 1506.
- Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Eretz Yisrael,
- Napoleon "promised" the Jews of
Eretz Yisrael the "reestablishment of ancient Jerusalem", coupled
with a plea for their support, 1799. This was the first promise by a modern
government to establish a Jewish state.
- Adolf Hitler was born, 1889.
- King Christian X of Denmark, attended the
celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Crystal Synagogue in Copenhagen
to demonstrate his sympathy for the Jews, 1933.
- Jews of Bavaria were granted equality, 1872.
- The first Jewish settlers arrived in
Amsterdam, Holland, 1593.
- An order expelling Jews from Moscow was
- Christians in France were forbidden, under
pain of death, to shelter or converse with Jews, by order of Louis XIII,
- Vladimir Jabotinsky was sentenced by the
British mandatory government of Eretz Yisrael to 15 years of imprisonment
for his participation in the Jewish self-defense corps, 1921.
- The new Austrian constitution guaranteed
freedom of the Jewish religion, 1848.
- A petition signed by 250,000 Germans, 1881,
was presented to the government requesting the barring of foreign Jews from
admission into Germany. This petition marked the opening of modern German
- The directors of the Dutch West India Co., in
1655, refused to grant permission to Governor Peter Stuyvesant to exclude
Jews from New Amsterdam. This put an end to official efforts to bar Jews
from North America. The Dutch West India Co. also specified that no
restriction of trade be imposed upon the Jewish settlers. Thus it guaranteed
not only the physical inviolability of the Jews but also their orderly
economic development and progress. The only condition contained in the
directive provided that "the poor among them shall be supported by
their own nation." This gave further impetus to the growth of Jewish
philanthropy in the New World.
- Widespread Russian pogroms started in
- Mussolini was executed by Italian partisans,
- Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Vilna, Poland,
- U.S. 7th army liberated Dachau, 1945.
- Decree by Russia forbidding Jews from
importing books in any language, 1800.
- First enclosed and guarded ghetto established
by the Nazis in Lodz, 1940.
This Day in Jewish