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439. Verbal Oppression
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62:18 If a person wants to sell a piece of property or a house and two potential buyers offer the same price, assuming that neither owns the adjacent property, here is the order of priority: a resident of his own city takes precedence over the resident of another city. If both of them live in […]
438. Not Reneging on an Agreement
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62:16 It is so important for a person to keep his word that, even if no money has changed hands, nor has the object been earmarked for the buyer, even if all they have done is agree on the price, nevertheless neither should renege on the deal. If either the buyer or seller does back […]
437. Keeping One’s Word
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62:14 If one person gives another person money in order to acquire real estate or goods for him, if the agent goes and buys the object for himself, if he used his own money, he is considered deceitful. If he used the money he was given by the one who sent him, he is obligated […]
436. Encroaching on Another’s Purchase
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62:12 One may not keep inaccurate weights and measure in his home or business, even if he doesn’t actually use them. Doing so violates the Biblical injunction “You may not have a large weight and a small weight in your bag; you may not have a large measure and a small measure in your house […]
435. Accepted Conventions of Measuring
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62:10 One should measure according to the accepted local practice and not “do his own thing.” For example, if the common practice is to measure in a heap, the shopkeeper should not level it, even if the customer prefers that he do so in order to lessen the price. Conversely, in a place where the […]
434. Weights and Measures
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62:8 The Torah tells us (Deuteronomy 25:13-15), “You may not have a large weight and a small weight in your bag; you may not have a large measure and a small measure in your house. You must only have full and righteous weights and full and righteous measures.” The phrases “in your bag” and “in […]
433. Competition
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62:6 A shopkeeper is allowed to distribute things like nuts to children in order to accustom them to buy from his store. One may likewise sell items at below the going rate in order to encourage business; the other merchants have no legal right to stop one from doing so. 62:7 One who measures or […]
432. Tricking a Buyer
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62:4 When selling an item, we are not permitted to make it look more attractive in order to trick the buyer into overestimating its value. For example, one may not feed an animal things that would make it swell or do other things to make it appear fatter than it is. One may likewise not […]
431. Buying and Selling
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62:2 Just as one is forbidden to take advantage of another person in buying and selling, one may likewise not take advantage of another when hiring, contracting, or changing money. 62:3 A person who buys and sells honestly does not have to worry that he may come to cheat others. For example, a seller tells […]
430. Honesty in Business
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61:10 What bracha does one recite when it rains following a drought? If one does not own a field, he says, “We give thanks to You, Hashem our G-d, for each and every drop that You have brought us,” continuing with the prayer “Nishmas” from “Were our mouths to be filled with song” until “May […]