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Melacha #39 – Hotza’ah (Transporting)
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The final melacha involves transporting things outside on Shabbos. When the Mishkan was moved from place to place, it had to be disassembled and the boards that formed the walls were loaded onto large wagons. The wagons traveled to where the Mishkan was to be re-assembled, where the boards were unloaded. The wilderness where the […]
Melacha #38 – Makeh B’Patish (Completing)
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The boards from which the Mishkan was assembled were covered with a thin layer of gold. These gold sheets were hammered to the boards with perfect symmetry. The final hammer blow was the one that finished the job. The melacha of makeh b’patish literally means the strike of a hammer but it refers to an […]
Melacha #37 – M’chabeh (Extinguishing)
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The reciprocal melacha of mavir (igniting) is m’chabeh (extinguishing). As with all “destructive” melachos, such as erasing and demolishing, m’chabeh was done for a constructive purpose in the Mishkan: it was done to make charcoal. (This is the reason for the reference to charcoal in the chapter of Mishnayos called Bameh Madlikin, which is read […]
Melacha #36 – Mavir (Igniting)
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Fire was needed in building the Mishkan for heating the vats in which the dyes were made and for smelting the metal needed for the various utensils. Unlike most melachos, mavir is explicitly stated in the Torah (“You shall not light a fire in any of your dwelling places on the day of Shabbos,” Exodus […]
Melacha #35 – Soseir (Demolishing)
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Since the Mishkan was portable, it was meant to be assembled and disassembled on an as-needed basis. Disassembling is the melacha of soseir, though the word more literally means “demolishing.” Soseir is the reciprocal melacha of boneh and, as we have stated, all of the “destructive” melachos were performed for a constructive purpose. (In this […]
Melacha #34 – Boneh (Building)
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As mentioned, the Mishkan was made up of a number of boards that were connected through a series of sockets and pins; the roof was made of hides that were spread on top. Assembling something (and/or making a shelter) is building, the melacha of boneh. While the av melacha (primary labor) involves both assembling separate […]
Melacha #33 – Mocheik (Erasing)
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Remember those symbols that had to be written on the boards of the Mishkan so that they could be assembled in the proper order? (See the previous melacha, koseiv.) Well, sometimes a mistake would be made. When that happened, the error needed to be erased so that the correct symbols could be inscribed. This erasing […]
Melacha #32 – Koseiv (Writing)
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The next (and final) group of melachos has to do with the assembling, disassembling and transporting of the Mishkan. Remember, the Mishkan was a portable Temple that was taken down as needed and moved from place to place, where it was then re-assembled. The Mishkan was made up of 48 boards that fit together with […]
Melacha #31 – M’chateich (Cutting to size)
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The hides were scored to enable them to be cut to pre-measured sizes. This is the melacha of m’chateich. (M’chateich is more than just cutting; it specifically refers to cutting to pre-determined sizes and shapes.) M’chateich applies to virtually all substances except food. One need not use a knife or scissors to cut; m’chateich can […]
Melacha #30 – M’sarteit (Scoring)
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One thing about hides: they come in unusual sizes and shapes. In order to turn the hides into the coverings of the Tabernacle, they had to be cut into appropriately-sized and -shaped pieces. Before this could be done, guidelines had to be drawn into the hide. This is called scoring, the melacha of m’sarteit. Drawing […]