No Results Found.

Haggai – Chapter 1
by in
During the reign of King Darius of Persia, who was the son of Esther and Achashverosh, G-d spoke to Haggai and gave him a message for Zerubbabel, son of the governor of Judah, and for Joshua, son of Yehotzadak, the high priest. G-d said that the people claimed that the time to rebuild the Temple […]
Zephaniah – Chapter 3
by in
Zephaniah says woe to Jerusalem, polluted by her sins. She is like a dove – a pretty bird, but perhaps not the smartest in the coop. She refused to obey G-d’s Torah and did not heed the prophets who tried to steer her back onto the proper path. The leaders of the city are predators, […]
Zephaniah – Chapter 2
by in
Through Zephaniah, G-d tells the people to assess their deeds, calling them a people that has not heretofore been interested in doing His will. They should do this before His decree is fulfilled and they are swept away by G-d’s anger like chaff or smoke. The humble and G-d-fearing are encouraged to seek Him; perhaps […]
Zephaniah – Chapter 1
by in
G-d spoke to Tzefanya (Zephaniah), a descendant of Chizkiyahu (the righteous King Hezekiah), during the reign of Yoshiyahu (Josiah, a king who repented and became righteous). G-d said that He would eradicate the inhabitants of Israel, from man and beast to fish and fowl. (This is an overstatement for emphasis; they were not completely destroyed, […]
Habakkuk – Chapter 3
by in
Habakkuk had questioned G-d in the previous chapter, and G-d answered his questions. Now Habakkuk apologizes for daring to question Him. The prophet says that he always heard that G-d punished the evil, but he saw that Nebuchadnezzar was being permitted to thrive. When he had a prophecy that Israel would be punished, Habakkuk feared […]
Habakkuk – Chapter 2
by in
Habakkuk drew a circle on the ground and said to G-d, “I will not leave this place until you answer my question.” (This behavior was later emulated by Choni HaM’agel – “the circle-drawer” – as described in Taanis 23a.) Habakkuk was asking why the evil ones go unpunished and he was being derided by non-believers […]
Habakkuk – Chapter 1
by in
Like Nahum, the text doesn’t tell us much about Habakkuk (Chavakuk in Hebrew – the double K in the translation is because of the dagesh in the letter kuf; it’s a grammar thing.) The Seder Olam places him, along with Joel and Nahum, during the reign of King Menashe in Judah, whose name is omitted […]
Nahum – Chapter 3
by in
Nahum says woe to Nineveh, which he calls here the “city of blood,” a term later used by Ezekiel to describe Jerusalem. (See Ezekiel chapter 22. The Book of Ezekiel appears earlier in the Bible, but Ezekiel lived about 200 years after Nahum.) Here come invading horses, chariots and armed soldiers! There will be no […]
Nahum – Chapter 2
by in
Nahum says to behold a messenger carrying good news – that when the king of Assyria is punished (as described in the previous chapter), the Jews will be free to live in Judah and go to Jerusalem and the Temple. They should pay their debts, which they promised (e.g., “G-d, if you save us from […]
Nahum – Chapter 1
by in
Unlike most of the Twelve Prophets, little is known of Nahum (Nachum). We are not told his lineage, his background, or the kings during whose reigns he was active. Unlike Obadiah and Jonah, he does not appear elsewhere in Tanach (the Bible). We are told that he was from Elkosh, a city about which we […]