Delivered at the OU Israel Center

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Zechariah #3 (Chapters 2-3)
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Zechariah’s vision of Alexander the Great and the divided empire after his death: Sheep (Bnei Yisrael) being scattered by four horns (קרנות) attacking from the four corners (קרנות) of the World. Malbim: The Neviim always refer to four exiles in which Bnei Yisrael are ruled by Empires from the four corners of the world. Zechariah’s […]
Zechariah #2 (Chapter 1)
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Zechariah always has an interpreter who accompanies him (“המלאך הדובר בי”). The prophecy Zechariah had about Alexander the Great and his successors. Delivered at the OU Israel Center, April 1st, 2019, 25 Adar II 5779
Chaggai #6, Zechariah #1 (Chapter 1)
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Chaggai had 4 messages: It’s time to build the Bet HaMikdash – don’t wait for permission or miracles; A Bet HaMikdash is not just made from stone, it is comprised of the people’s actions – do teshuva! The message to the Kohanim to learn the laws of the avodah and tumah/tahara His message to Zerubavel […]
Chaggai #5 (Chapter 2)
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Chaggai’s chief mission was to get Bnei Yisrael to resume (and finish building) the second Bet HaMikdash. He also encourages them to do Teshuva so that the Beit HaMikdash they build becomes permanent. His third mission was to ensure the Kohanim are ready to do the avodah and well-versed in the laws of tumah/tahara. Delivered […]
Chaggai #4 (Chapter 1)
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Chaggai’s message is that the people are incorrect in saying that it’s not yet time to rebuild the Beit HaMikdash. The rebuilding had been stopped twice and therefore the people were hesitant to rebuild. Additionally, they hadn’t seen any signs that it was time to rebuild (e.g. the war of Gog uMagog). He shows them […]
Chaggai #3 (Chapter 1)
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Chaggai’s mission was to get the people to resume building the Beit HaMikdash after the Persian authorities stopped it during the reign of Cyrus and Achashverosh. The Malbim’s view of the second Beit HaMikdash and it’s potential. Delivered at the OU Israel Center, March 4th, 2019, 27 Adar I 5779
Chaggai #2 (Chapter 1)
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Yehoshua the Kohen Gadol and Zerubavel are direct descendants of the previous Kohen Gadol and the Davidic line respectively. When they returned, they began the avodah with just a mizbeach, before the second Beit HaMikdash is built. Those who lived in the land tried to stop the process. Delivered at the OU Israel Center, February […]
Chaggai #1 (Introduction): From Tzefania to Chaggai
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The previous prophet, Zephaniah prophesied during the reign of Yoshiyahu (at least 22 years before the destruction of the Beit HaMikdash); Chaggai begins at the end of the 70th year of Galut Bavel, at least a 92-year gap! What transpired in between? Why is there a gap in the prophetic storyline? Delivered at the OU […]
Tzefania #5 (Chapter 3)
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The Malbim principle: from the moment of the first exile from Israel (of the ten tribes) there has existed the potential for the final redemption. Hashem says that His pouring out his “זעם” will commence the process of the final redemption. Delivered at the OU Israel Center, February 11th, 2019, 6 Adar I 5779
Tzefania #4 (Chapter 3)
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Tzefaniah calls Jerusalem “העיר היונה” which most of the mefarshim (Rashi, others) say is a pejorative term. The Malbim writes that beginning at the time that Ashur exiled the ten tribes there were opportunities for the final geulah to occur but it hasn’t come to fruition yet because we haven’t been worthy. Delivered at the […]