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1,222. When Not to Let an Animal Eat
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186:3 If the working animal can’t eat because it’s thirsty, it must be watered. 186:4 If an animal is working with some food that is unhealthy for it, then it may be muzzled. This is because the Torah only commanded us in the matter so that the animal could enjoy the food it is working. […]
1,221. Muzzling a Working Animal
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186:1 Whoever keeps an animal from eating while it is working was punished by lashes for violating the prohibition against muzzling an animal while it treads grain (Deuteronomy 25:4). While the Torah uses an ox as an example, the same rule applies to any animal, kosher or non-kosher. Likewise, it applies whether the animal is […]
Introduction to Blessings (Brachot)
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Blessings as Thanks We say blessings as thanks to God for the good we receive from Him; this is a form of acknowledging and expressing gratitude (hakarat ha’tov). Having an appreciation for the physical world and the beauty and goodness in it is a means of relating to God through Creation. People can maintain a […]
1,220. The Employee’s Obligation
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185:5 If a worker did his job for the homeowner but then it became ruined – even through his own negligence – so that the worker is legally responsible to make things right, it is a mitzvah for the homeowner to go beyond the letter of the law and forgive him, as per Proverbs 2:20, […]
1,219. When to Pay Workers
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185:3 If one gave a garment to a tailor to mend at a set price and the tailor returns it by day, he must pay him during the day. If the tailor returned it by night, he has the whole night to pay. However, so long as the tailor has the garment, even if the […]
1,218. Lending Borrowed Property
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185:1 If one person borrows or rents an animal or moveable property from another person, he is not allowed to lend or rent it to a third party without the owner’s permission. This is true even of books, which have a mitzvah to lend them. We do not assume that the owners will approve because […]
1,217. Abortion
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184:10 The former practice was that the seven city administrators would judge cases involving fines, such as for injuries, humiliation, etc. but they should not do so without the involvement of the local beis din because these laws involve many details. They must be careful not to penalize the offender more stringently than the law […]
1,216. Rescuing Someone in Danger
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184:8 If one person sees another in danger and he is able to save him, or to pay others to save him, then he is obligated to do so. He can expect the one he saved to pay him back if he has the money but if he doesn’t, one should not refrain; he should […]
1,215. Scaring Someone
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184:6 If someone scares his neighbor, such as by shouting at him from behind, or by jumping out at him in the dark, etc., then while he is not legally liable, he is nevertheless guilty according to Heavenly law. 184:7 If one person wounds another, even though he paid him to compensate for his injuries […]
1,214. Creating a Public Nuisance
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184:4 If one’s neighbor has a headache and the sound of hammering would make it worse, then one may not pound grain even in one’s own home so that the noise will not reach the neighbor’s home and disturb him. 184:5 There are many other things when it comes to damages that a person might […]