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314. The Morning Service
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 8:12 A person who cannot distinguish between the pronunciation of an alef and an ayin should not be designated as prayer leader, nor should one who is generally inarticulate. A teacher may designate one of his students to lead the service in his presence. A blind person may recite Shema publicly and […]
313. Choosing a Shaliach Tzibbur
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 8:10 We said in 8:9 that one person can fulfill the obligation of prayer on behalf of another only when the other does not know how to daven. An exception to this rule is Rosh Hashana, plus Yom Kippur of the Jubilee year. On those two days, the prayer leader can fulfill […]
312. Davening for Another Person
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 8:8 Continuing the idea of a small courtyard that opens entirely into a large one: if there was excrement in the larger one, it is prohibited to recite Shema or Shemoneh Esrei even in the small one. If there was excrement in the small one, it is permitted to recite Shema and […]
311. The Minyan Must All Be Together
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 8:6 A matter of holiness requires a minyan as per Leviticus 22:32, “I will be sanctified among the children of Israel.” If something that requires a minyan was started with ten people but some of them left, even though we may not start them without a minyan, those who remain may conclude […]
310. Davening with a Minyan
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 8:4 Communal prayer is when one person davens out loud while the others pay attention. This requires a minimum of ten adult males (a minyan). The prayer leader counts one of the ten. Even if some of the ten have already davened and fulfilled their obligation, they can counts towards the minyan […]
Dancing on Shabbos
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(This should not be relied upon for practical halacha. When a question arises a Rabbi should be consulted.) 1. Fixing an instrument on Yom Tov and Shabbos is a biblical violation of the melacha of maka b’patish. The use of instruments on Yom Tov and Shabbos is also forbidden because chazal was concerned that if […]
Thirty Days of Mourning (Shloshim)
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When Shiv’a (and Shloshim) Ends Ended by Jewish Festivals Shiv’a ends if a Jewish festival, Rosh Hashana, or Yom Kippur intervenes. Shloshim ends if a Jewish festival, Rosh Hashana, or Yom Kippur intervenes. If two of those holidays occur within the first seven days after burial, the first one will break shiv’a and the second […]
309. Beis Medrash vs. Shul
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 8:2 It is a mitzvah to run to shul as per Hosea 6:3, “… Let us run to know God.” One should not take large steps when leaving shul. Rather, one should go gradually, step by step. When entering shul, one should go in the width of two doorways, then pray, as […]
308. Tefillah b’Tzibbur
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 7:18 Mincha starts with Ashrei, recited seated. Next, one stands and recites the Shemoneh Esrei. When one finishes, he “falls on his face” and recites Tachanun, followed by other prayers according to his ability, after which one leaves to go about his business. At night, one recites Shema with the brachos before […]
307. The Order of Prayer
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 7:16                                                                                                                                      The ramification of eating to complete 100 brachos a day is as follows: a person eats a vegetable, reciting a bracha before doing so and a bracha after doing so. He eats a piece of fruit, reciting a bracha before doing so and a bracha after doing so. He counts all […]