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903. Three Meals on Shabbos
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Shabbos 30:8 A wealthy person whose weekday meals are as extravagant as Shabbos meals must also have different foods on Shabbos. If this is not possible, he should change the time of his meals, either making early meals later or late meals earlier. Shabbos 30:9 One is obligated to eat three meals on Shabbos: evening, […]
902. Preparing for Shabbos
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Shabbos 30:6 Even a very important person who doesn’t normally go shopping or do housework is obligated to perform some tasks personally to prepare for Shabbos. The Sages of previous generations would cook, salt meat, make wicks and kindle the lights. Others would go out and buy food and drink for Shabbos even though this […]
901. Preparing the Table in Advance
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Shabbos 30:4 One may not schedule a meal or a banquet for Friday out of respect for Shabbos. One is technically permitted to eat and drink until nightfall but it is respectful to Shabbos to avoid planning a meal for Friday afternoon so that one will enter Shabbos with an appetite. Shabbos 30:5 One should […]
900. Honoring Shabbos
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Shabbos 30:2 Honor refers to the rabbinic statement that it is a mitzvah for one to wash his face, hands and feet in hot water on Friday in honor of Shabbos. One should wrap himself in tzitzis and sit respectfully waiting to receive Shabbos as one greets a king. The Sages of earlier generations would […]
899. Four Aspects of Shabbos
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Shabbos 29:29 A bracha is recited over spices on Saturday night because one’s soul is depressed by the departure of Shabbos. We therefore gladden our souls with a pleasant fragrance. Shabbos 30:1 There are four aspects to Shabbos, two of which are from the Torah and two of which are rabbinic in nature, having been […]
898. Havdalah Following Yom Tov
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Shabbos 29:27 We may recite the bracha over a flame that was lit on Shabbos for the sake of a sick person or for a woman who has given birth. On Saturday night, we may recite the bracha over a light made from wood or stone because this was the way fire was first made […]
897. The Fire for Havdalah
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Shabbos 29:25 A bracha is not recited over the fire until we have benefited from its light sufficiently that one could differentiate between the coins of different nations. One may not recite the bracha over a fire belonging to non-Jews because it may have been used at a gathering for idolatrous purposes. We may likewise […]
896. Shehechiyanu on Yom Tov
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Shabbos 29:23 Shehechiyanu is recited at night on every yom tov, and on the night of Yom Kippur. We do not recite shehechiyanu on the seventh day of Pesach because it is not its own holiday and we already recited shehechiyanu at the beginning of Pesach. Shabbos 29:24 The order of havdalah on Saturday night […]
895. Yom Tov After Shabbos
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Shabbos 29:21 On festival evenings, kiddush is recited over wine just as it is on Shabbos. If one has no wine, or if he prefers bread, he may recite kiddush over bread instead. Similarly, on yom tov day, one recites the “great Kiddush” as he does on Shabbos. Shabbos 29:22 When yom tov begins as […]
Kiddush
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Shabbat Kiddush Requirements To do Shabbat kiddush, Say, or hear, the Shabbat kiddush blessings/segments, and “Establish a meal” (kovei’a se’uda). NOTE: There is never any requirement on an individual to drink kiddush wine (except at the Passover seder), but the kiddush wine must be drunk by one or more persons. To fulfill kiddush requirements of “establishing a meal,” you need not drink the wine or grape juice […]