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257. Beer
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38:11 If fruits that have not fully ripened on the tree and that are not eaten raw except in pressing circumstances have been preserved by a non-Jew, they are prohibited because of bishul akum (preserving being tantamount to cooking). 38:12 A beverage made from produce (such as beer) if sold by a non-Jew is permitted. […]
256. Food Cooked on Shabbos for a Sick Person
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38:9 Food cooked for a sick person by a non-Jew on Shabbos cannot be eaten after Shabbos – even by the sick person if he can eat something else. The utensils used to make the food can be used after 24 hours. (Mishnah Brurah 318:14 says that food cooked on Shabbos by a non-Jew for […]
255. Non-Jewish Household Employees
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38:7 We are lenient in the case of a non-Jew who works in a Jewish home and cooks for them because we assume that a member of the family was somehow involved in the process. 38:8 If the non-Jewish household employee cooks something for their own use, we do not assume a family member was […]
254. What Food are Relevant for Bishul Akum?
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38:5 The bread of a Jew that was baked by a non-Jew is more problematic than the bread of a non-Jew. It would be prohibited as bishul akum (food cooked by a non-Jew) unless a Jew participated in the baking, such as by lighting the fire. One must therefore be careful when asking a non-Jewish […]
253. Bishul Akum
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38:3 The Sages only prohibited non-Jewish bread of the five species of grain (i.e., wheat, barley, rye, oats and spelt). Bread made of legumes is not considered bread for this purpose and is not restricted. It is also not restricted because of bishul akum (food cooked without a Jew’s involvement) as it is not considered […]
252. Bread
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38:1 The Sages prohibited eating bread made by non-Jews, though in some places they are lenient in this matter if there is no Jewish baker or if the Jewish baker’s wares are inferior. One may not be so lenient when it comes to the bread of a non-Jew who is not a baker. One who […]
251. Immersion on Shabbos
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37:12 A minor child (that is, under the age of bar or bas mitzvah) is not entrusted with the task of immersing utensils. 37:13 Utensils may not be immersed on Shabbos and yom tov. If one forgot to immerse something beforehand, he may give the utensil to a non-Jew as a gift and then borrow […]
250. The Immersion Process
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37:10 We must ensure, before immersing a utensil, that it is clean and is not coated with dirt or rust. A common discoloration that would not bother most people is not considered an impediment. The utensil must be immersed so that all of it is under the water at one time. If a utensil has […]
249. What Utensils Require Immersion
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37:8 Immersion is only required for utensils that are used for food at a stage of preparation such that it can be eaten immediately after, without any additional preparation. Therefore, the iron tools used to prepare matzah and to cut dough, the needle used to sew stuffed foods, and similar items, need not be immersed. […]
248. Non-Jewish Craftsmen
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37:6 If glassware is made by non-Jews in a factory owned by a Jew, purchasers should immerse these utensils without reciting the blessing. 37:7 If a Jew gave silver or other metals to a non-Jewish craftsman to make into a utensil for him, or to repair a vessel with a leak that keeps it from […]