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918. The Kittel
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131:15 On Yom Kippur, the practice is to wear a kittel, which is the garment of the dead, because this humbles a person. A mourner may also wear the kittel (though this is not the custom in all places – Mishnah Brurah 610:18). Since this garment is designated for prayer, one may not wear it […]
917. Honoring Yom Kippur
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131:13 The practice is not to insulate food before Yom Kippur to be ready for when Yom Kippur ends the way that we insulate food before Shabbos for use on Shabbos. This is because it looks like preparing on Yom Kippur for a week day. Another reason is that doing this may make us hungry. […]
916. Vidui
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131:9 Vidui must be recited standing but bent over, like one is for Modim. (If bending over is too difficult, one may bow his head; one may not lean on any object – Mishnah Brurah 607:10.) When mentioning each sin, one beats on his heart with his fist as if to say, “You’re the one […]
915. Mincha on Erev Yom Kippur
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131:7 The practice is for the head of every household to make a light in his house for Yom Kippur. This is because Moshe came down from Mount Sinai with the second set of tablets on Yom Kippur and the Torah is referred to as light. One also kindles another light to make atonement for […]
914. If the Injured Party Has Died
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131:5 If one wronged another person, who then died, he should bring a minyan of ten to the deceased’s grave and say, “I have sinned against the G-d of Israel and I sinned against this person, so-and-so.” The minyan replies, “You are forgiven, you are forgiven, you are forgiven.” The offending party should go barefoot. […]
913. One Who Has Wronged Another
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131:3 It is a mitzvah to eat and drink extra at the meal before Yom Kippur. If one eats and drinks on the day before Yom Kippur for the sake of this mitzvah, it is considered as if he had fasted on that day as well. (There’s even reason to learn less Torah that day […]
912. Kapparos
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131:1 The practice is to perform kapparos before dawn on the day before Yom Kippur, when G-d’s attribute of mercy is greatest. A man uses a rooster – not a capon, which is castrated – and a woman uses a hen. A pregnant woman uses both a rooster and a hen – the rooster in […]
911. Shabbos Shuva, Kiddush Levana
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130:5 On Shabbos Shuvah (i.e., the Shabbos before Yom Kippur), a prestigious person should be called to the Torah for maftir. (At the very least, we do not have a minor read the haftarah of Shabbos Shuvah – Mishnah Brurah 602:11.) 130:6 Some have the practice not to sanctify the moon until the night after […]
909. The Ten Days of Repentance
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130:1 The Ten Days of Repentance, as the name suggests, are days designated for repentance.  Every person is obligated to return in full repentance to G-d in anticipation of Yom Kippur as per Leviticus 16:30, “Purify yourselves before G-d,” and Isaiah 55:6, “Seek G-d when He is to be found.”  Our Sages tell us that […]