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Tikkun Chatzos (Assorted Halachos)
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(This should not be relied upon for practical halacha. When a question arises a Rabbi should be consulted.) Tikkun chatzos is a midnight ritual which focuses on mourning over the destruction of the Beis Hamikdash and beseeching God to rebuild it speedily. The poskim and the mekubalim stress the importance of performing tikkun chatzos (See […]
Onenut and Tearing Kri’a
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Who Must Mourn: Seven Categories There are seven categories of relatives for whom mourning is required: father; mother; spouse; son; daughter; brother; sister. Before Burial/Onen From the time of death until burial, the seven relatives are called onen (onenim). One is only an onen if he or she will participate in the funeral or make decisions related to […]
259. Standardizing Prayer
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 1:4 When the Jews were exiled in the time of Nebuchadnezzar, they became scattered in Persia, Greece and elsewhere. The speech of those born in this exile became confused, incorporating several languages. The result was that no one was able to express himself clearly in any one language; they needed to mix […]
258. How We Used to Pray
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Tefillah u’Birkas Kohanim 1:2 Women and slaves are obligated in the mitzvah to pray because it is not a time-bound commandment. Rather, this mitzvah requires each person to pray each day – to praise God, to ask for one’s needs, and to thank God for all the goodness that He has granted. Each person should […]
257. Starting Hilchos Tefillah
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Kriyas Shema 4:8 Ritually impure people are obligated to recite the Shema with the brachos before and after it. This is so even if it is possible for them to purify themselves that same day. Ezra and his court instituted that a man who has had a seminal emission was not allowed to read words […]
256. Reciting Shema While Exempt
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Kriyas Shema 4:6 After the deceased has been buried, the mourners return to receive condolences. The rest of those present follow them from the grave to the place where the mourners form a line. If they are able to start and finish even a single verse of Shema before they reach the line, they should […]
255. Pallbearers, Eulogies and Shema
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Kriyas Shema 4:4 A body should not be taken out to be buried too close to the time for reciting Shema unless the deceased was a prestigious person. If they have not yet started to remove the deceased and the time to recite Shema arrives while they are escorting the body, anyone needed – meaning […]