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1. God’s Existence
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Yesodei HaTorah 1:1 The most basic premise and the foundation of all wisdom is knowing that there is a Creator Who brought the universe into being. Every creature in the heavens, on the earth, and everywhere in-between only exists because of this Creator. Yesodei HaTorah 1:2 If God did not exist, nothing else would exist.
1,381. Begin Again
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221:8 If a person doesn’t know the day of his parent’s death, he should select one day of the year to fast but he should not recite kaddish if doing so would take it away from someone else. (Formerly, only one person recited kaddish.) 1:1 Psalm 16 says ”I set the Lord before me always” […]
1,380. When Not to Fast on a Yahrtzeit
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221:6 One would not fast for a yahrtzeit on a day on which we do not say Tachanun. One would also not fast on the day of a bris if he is the father, the sandek or the mohel. Similarly, at a pidyon haben (redemption of a firstborn), the father and the kohein would not […]
1,379. Yahrtzeit on a Two-Day Rosh Chodesh
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221:4 The month of Cheshvan is sometimes 30 days long (“full”), in which case Rosh Chodesh Kislev, which comes after it, is two days. The first day of Rosh Chodesh is the 30th day of Cheshvan and the second is the first day of Kislev. This is the case with every two-day Rosh Chodesh: the […]
1,378. Determining the Yahrtzeit
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221:2 One always fasts on the yahrtzeit, even in the first year. This is so even if the time of the deceased’s passing was at the end of the day after they said maariv; if it was still daytime, it is set as the day of the yahrtzeit. However, if the burial was delayed until […]
1,377. Fasting on a Yahrtzeit
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220:10 Even though yom tov cancels shiva, nevertheless the custom of lighting a candle in the deceased’s place to honor his soul should also be observed on the holiday. In any event, it is preferable to light this candle at shul. 221:1 There is a mitzvah to fast each year on the anniversary of the […]
1,376. How Many Days to Observe
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220:8 If a person observed mourning before Pesach – even for an hour or less – this is considered like the entire week of shiva. The eight days of Pesach bring him up to day 15, so the mourner must observe another 15 days to complete shloshim. If he observed an hour or less of […]
1,375. One Who Did Not Shave
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220:6 If the mourner didn’t shave before Shabbos or yom tov, he is not permitted to shave on chol hamoed because he could have done so earlier, but he is permitted to shave after the holiday. If the last day of shiva will be a Shabbos that is also erev yom tov, since he was […]
1,374. Canceling Shloshim
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220:4 If a person buried a close relative seven days before yom tov, since he sat shiva before yom tov, the holiday cancels the restrictions of shloshim. This is the case even if the last day of shiva was on erev yom tov since we say that part of a day is like a whole […]