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490. What Not to Do on Friday Afternoons
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72:9 One should not make a habit of doing work on Friday after “mincha ketana,” which, as we have discussed, is nine and a half shaos zemanios after sunrise (shaos zemanios – “seasonal hours” – being one-twelfth of the daylight hours, varying in length depending on the time of year. Mishnah Brurah 251:3 cites the […]
489. Lengths to Go in Order to Honor Shabbos
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72:7 A person should prepare choice meat, fish and wine for Shabbos according to his means. It is a mitzvah to eat fish at each of the Shabbos meals, assuming that one has no objections to it. If one doesn’t care for fish, he need not eat it, as Shabbos was meant to be enjoyed. […]
488. Ways to Honor Shabbos
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72:5 It is a mitzvah for every individual to personally perform some acts in honor of Shabbos, even if they have several servants who normally do such things for them. We find among our Sages that Rav Chisda would slice the vegetables, Rabbah and Rav Yoseif would chop wood, Rav Zeira would light the fire, […]
487. Honoring Shabbos
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72:3 The book of Isaiah (56:2) praises those who keep Shabbos. It says, “Happy is the man who does this and the person who holds fast to it – the one who keeps Shabbos and does not desecrate it.” One who observes Shabbos properly, following its laws, honoring it and taking pleasure in it as […]
486. Shabbos
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72:1 Shabbos is a great sign and a covenant that G-d gave the Jewish people testifying that He made the Heavens and the Earth and all they contain in six days, “resting” on the seventh day. This is a basic tenet of Judaism. The Talmud Yerushalmi (Nedarim 3) equates Shabbos with all the other mitzvos […]
485. Bed
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71:4 If one did not recite the three paragraphs of Shema at night, he should then recite all three at when he goes to bed. (He must have specific intention to fulfill the mitzvah – Mishnah Brurah 239:1.) If he did recite them at night, he need only say the first paragraph at bed, though […]
484. Nighttime Activities
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71:2 A normal, healthy person should eat a smaller meal at night than he does during the day. This protects one’s health, keeps one from improper thoughts, help one’s dreams to be calm and pleasant – because excessive eating and drinking often leads to weird and disturbing dreams – and doesn’t cause a person to […]
483. Torah Study by Night
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70:5 If one person is still saying Maariv in shul at night, those who have finished should wait until he has finished so as not to disturb his concentration. If he began Shemoneh Esrei so late that he couldn’t have finished davening along with the congregation, they are not obligated to wait for him; his […]