414. Shehechiyanu on New Fruits

59:14 A fruit that grows again each year, the first time one eats it each year, he recites shehechiyanu. Shehechiyanu should be recited before the bracha of the fruit but if one forgot and said the bracha on the fruit first, he may still recite shehechiyanu. (See Mishnah Brurah 225:11 and Shaarei Tziyon 225:12 for a discussion of when shehechiyanu is best recited.) If one neglected to say shehechiyanu the first time he ate that fruit, he does not make it up the next time. If a person has several new fruits, one shehechiyanu can suffice for all of them. If one is brought another type of fruit, he can recite a new shehechiyanu even if it is another variety of the same species.

59:15 If one recited shehechiyanu on grapes, some authorities maintain that he would not then recite it over new wine; they are a single event since the wine comes from grapes. Other authorities are of the opinion that one would recite shehechiyanu over the wine because it makes one happier than the grapes did. It is therefore advisable, if one said shehechiyanu over grapes and will now be having wine, to repeat shehechiyanu over some other fruit with the intention to include the wine. However, if one recited shehechiyanu on wine first, all authorities agree that he would not recite it when later eating grapes. All this only applies to “new wine,” which is grape juice; after it ferments, there is no difference between old and new and one would not recite shehechiyanu in any event.