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Kabbolas Shabbos for Individuals
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah Question: If a community davens and accepts Shabbos well before sunset, is each individual bound by their acceptance of an earlier onset of Shabbos? Discussion: It depends on the exact situation: In a small community, e.g., a yeshiva, camp, hotel or bungalow colony that has only one congregation which ushers […]
Purchasing a Fruit Tree Grafted in a Nursery
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Can I plant a fruit tree that I purchased from a nursery that was grafted onto the rootstock of another species? The Torah prohibition of kilayim extends to grafting different species of fruit trees together. Not only may one not graft a tree onto the rootstock of another species, but one may not replant such […]
Planting Vegetables Near a Grapevine Outside Israel
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I have a grapevine growing in my garden (not in Israel). May I plant other vegetables near the grapevine? The Torah (Devarim 22:9) prohibits planting klei ha’kerem (planting grains or vegetables in the proximity of a vineyard), even though no grafting occurs. Although, the Biblical prohibition applies only to the land of Israel, however Chazal […]
1,341. If the Moon is Never Seen
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 18:6 (Continued from halacha 18:5) The court count 29 days from Rosh Chodesh of the second month but the moon is not seen. If you think that a day should again be added to the month so that Rosh Chodesh of the third month will be the 31st day, as it was […]
1,340. Considering the Season and Location
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 18:4 The court should always consider two things: the season when the moon was seen and the location. They should ask the witnesses where they were when they saw the moon because when the arc of visibility is small, there is only a small window in the moon will be seen. Let’s […]
1,339. More Visible in the Winter
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 18:2 The visibility of the moon will be greater on a clear day in the winter than it is in the summer. This is because on a clear winter day the air is clearer and the skies are brighter thanks to an absence of dust in the air. In the summer, the […]
Orla
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Which Fruit Is Orla Do not eat tree fruit for the first three years of the tree (orla); any tree fruits from the fourth year (neta revai) must be redeemed with a pruta before eating, even outside of Eretz Yisrael. NOTE: It is not possible to redeem neta revai in the old city of Jerusalem! Which Uses Are Prohibited You may […]
Placing the Chuppah Outdoors
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1. The Rama writes that there is a custom to have the canopy (chuppah) outdoors under the stars. This is a siman tov (good omen) for the couple to have “as many children as the number of stars in the sky.” (Rama Even Haezer 61 and Maharam Mintz 109. See also Ezer Hakodesh on Shulchan […]