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707. Transferring Through a Makom Patur or Carmelis
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Shabbos 14:14 One is not liable for transferring something from one private domain to another by way of a carmelis (quasi-public domain), nor for transferring something from one public domain to another by way of a carmelis. Similarly, one who passes or throws something from one of these domains to the same type of domain […]
705. How Far May One Carry in a Makom Patur or a Carmelis?
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Shabbos 14:10 Holes in a private domain’s walls are part of the private domain. The status of holes in a public domain, are determined by their size. For example, holes on the side of a public domain that are four handbreadths by four handbreadths (about 1’x1’) and ten handbreadths high (about 30”) are a private […]
704. More About Carmelis and Makom Patur
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Shabbos 14:8 A place in the public domain that is exactly nine handbreadths high (about 27”) is part of the public domain regardless of its width or length because people commonly use it to arrange their burdens. If it is higher or lower than nine handbreadths, then: If it is four handbreadths by four handbreadths […]
703. The Makom Patur
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Shabbos 14:6 A pit in a carmelis (quasi-public domain) is also a carmelis even if it is 100 cubits deep (about 150 ft.) so long as it is not four handbreadths by four handbreadths (about 1’x1’). If a public domain is covered by a roof or is not sixteen cubits wide (abour 24’), it is […]
702. Things That Are a Carmelis
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Shabbos 14:3 An example of a carmelis (quasi-public domain) is a mound four handbreadths by four handbreadths (about 1’x1’) that is between three and ten handbreadths high (approximately 9”-30”). A carmelis only occupies space ten handbreadths or closer the ground and can be no less than four handbreadths by four handbreadths. More examples of a […]
Reading the Torah
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Consecutive Aliyot for Family Members Consecutive aliyot (going up to the Torah during Torah reading) should not be given to brothers or to a father and son unless the aliyot are from different Torah scrolls. This is a custom. Declining an Aliya You should not decline an aliya, if one is offered to you. Shortest […]
Candle Lighting Time
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Although there are a number of different customs as to when the Shabbat candles are to be lit Friday afternoons, there is no doubt that the custom for women to light eighteen minutes before Sunset is the most widespread.  Regardless of when the candles are actually lit, a woman must formally “accept” Shabbat when she […]