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1,259. A Sick Person Who Loses a Relative
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195:12 When it comes to a sick person who lost a relative, if his mind is clear but he is unable to tear his garment due to the severity of his illness, he is exempt from tearing when he recovers. The exception is if he becomes able during the shiva, when his grief is still […]
1,258. Mourning for Two Relatives
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195:10 What should a person do if he tore his garment for a relative who died and, while he was sitting shiva for that person, another relative died? In such a case, he moves about three finger-widths from the first tear and tears one handbreadth. Alternately, he may lengthen the first tear by a handbreadth. […]
1,257. Learning of a Passing Later
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195:8 For any other deceased relative, if one only heard he passed away after thirty days, he doesn’t tear his garment. For one’s parent, he always tears the garments he was wearing when he heard, but he doesn’t have to tear any clothes that he may change into later. 195:9 Yom tov cancels the mourning […]
1,256. Sewing the Torn Garment
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195:6 For other deceased relatives, if the mourner changed his garment during the week of shiva, he need not tear the new one. For a parent, however, if the mourner changed his clothes on a weekday during shiva, he must tear them. In honor of Shabbos, he should change his clothes and not wear a […]
1,255. Where to Tear
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195:4 The practice is to tear on the left side for parents and on the right side for other relatives. One tears on the left for parents because he needs to expose his heart, which is on the left side. After the fact, it doesn’t matter on which side he tore. 195:5 For other relatives, […]
1,254. How to Tear Kriyah
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195:2 For deceased relatives for whom one must mourn, a person must tear his garment in front, near the neck. He must tear from the collar downwards, not across the garment. One must tear in a place where the garment is whole, not on the seam. 195:3 There are differences between the way one tears […]
1,253. “Tearing Kriyah”
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194:12 It is prohibited to handle the deceased on Shabbos, even for the needs of kohanim (who cannot enter if there is a corpse in the building) or for the needs of a mitzvah. The deceased may be moved by a non-Jew on Shabbos if the relatives so desire. 195:1 If a person lost a […]
Purim
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Introduction Purim commemorates the saving of the Jews in the Persian Empire from Haman’s plan to wipe them out completely. The story is a classic example of how God intervenes in human history in a hidden manner. The essential element was that the Jews were saved from physical destruction/death (contrast with Chanuka, where the Jews […]
1,252. The Shomrim
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194:10 A person who is watching over the deceased (i.e., the shomer) is exempt from reciting Shema and Shemoneh Esrei, as well as from all other mitzvos in the Torah. This is true even if they are not related since a person who is occupied in one mitzvah is exempt from other mitzvos. If there […]
1,251. Moving the Deceased
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194:8 When the deceased is moved from his bed to the ground, they should make sure that he is covered. This is because whatever we would do for the living because of modesty we also do for the deceased. 194:9 There is a custom is to pour out any drawn water that was in the […]