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Kabbolas Shabbos for Individuals
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah Question: If a community davens and accepts Shabbos well before sunset, is each individual bound by their acceptance of an earlier onset of Shabbos? Discussion: It depends on the exact situation: In a small community, e.g., a yeshiva, camp, hotel or bungalow colony that has only one congregation which ushers […]
Kabbolas Shabbos at Candle-Lighting
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah Question: Some women do not put out the match after lighting candles on erev Shabbos; instead, they allow the flame to go out on its own. They do this in order to avoid transgressing the melachah of kibui (“extinguishing”) after having accepted Shabbos with the kindling of the candles. Should […]
The Obligation to Light Shabbos Candles
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah The obligation to light Shabbos candles rests equally on all members of a household. Nevertheless, our Sages placed the responsibility for the actual lighting upon the wife. One of the reasons given[i] is that candle-lighting atones for Chavah’s part in the sin of the eitz hada’as (Tree of Knowledge): Chavah […]
Bein HaShemashos
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah As explained at length by the Mishnah Berurah and Beiur Halachah, there are two basic views held by the Rishonim as to the time period known as bein ha-shemashos – twilight: The first view, known as the view of R. Tam and followed by Shulchan Aruch,[1] holds that bein ha-shemashos […]
An Early Start to Shabbos
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah During the summer months, when the sun sets late in the evening, it is common practice in many — but not all — communities to daven Ma’ariv and begin Shabbos early, long before sunset. There are a number of halachic issues associated with this practice that require review and clarification. […]
Tosefes Shabbos: How and When
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah The majority of poskim maintain that the mitzvah of mosifin mi-chol al ha-kodesh, starting Shabbos early in order to incorporate a small part of the weekday into Shabbos, is a positive commandment min ha-Torah.[1] Tosefes Shabbos is equally incumbent upon men and women.[2] Although this seems to be a relatively […]
Immersing in a Mikveh on Erev Shabbos
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah Shulchan Aruch rules that it is a mitzvah for both men and women to wash their entire body with hot water in preparation for Shabbos. In addition, there is a widespread custom for men to immerse themselves in a mikveh, so as to enter the Shabbos in an enhanced state […]
Pouring Hot Water into a Thermos on Shabbos
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah Question: Is it permitted to pour hot water from an urn into a thermos bottle on Shabbos? Discussion: At first glance, it would appear that pouring hot water from an urn into a thermos would be forbidden because of the Rabbinic injunction of hatmanah, which prohibits insulating any hot food […]
Crock-Pots
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah From the point of view of the halachos of using a crock-pot on Shabbos there are basically two kinds on the market: One is designed as a free-standing pot which is filled with food and then placed on top of the heating element. The heating element does not encircle the […]
Reheating Cooked Food
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Courtesy of Ohr Olam Mishnah Berurah Question: Is there any permissible way to reheat cold cooked food on Shabbos? Discussion: Reheating cooked food on Shabbos can involve two different prohibitions: The first is the rabbinic edict against placing cold cooked food on a heat source – even one which is covered by a blech – which […]