HaShoneh Halachos emails include two halachos per day, seven days a week (emails for Shabbos and Yom Tov are sent in advance). Material is based upon the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, with occasional elucidation from the Mishnah Brurah abd other sources. The text is not a direct translation but a paraphrase into easy-to-read, conversational English.

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304. Blessing on the Cup Used for Bentching
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45:8 After bentching, the leader says the bracha over the cup of wine. He should drink at least a reviis (approximately 3.5 ounces) so that he can then say the concluding bracha after it. If the cups of the other diners are “pagum” (i.e., already drunk from – refer back to 45:3), he should pour […]
303. The Zimmun
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45:6 The one leading bentching invites the others to join him. Customary phrases include “rabbosai, nevareich” (“gentlemen, let us bentch”), “hav lan v’nivrach” (“give us the cup so that we may bentch”), and “rabbosai, mir vellen bentchen” (“gentlemen, we must bentch” in Yiddish). The other diners respond, “May the Name of God be blessed from […]
302. Who Should Lead Bentching
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45:4 The cup used for bentching must be whole. If it broke – even on its base – or if it has any defect in the rim, or if it has a crack, it is not fit for use. (If the only cup available is defective, it is better to use it than to discard […]
301. “Pagum” Wine
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45:2 The cup for bentching should be filled before one washes for mayim acharonim. 45:3 If wine has been drunk from, what remains in the cup is called “pagum” (defective). Wine that is pagum may not be used for bentching until it has been rectified by adding more wine or some water that is not […]
300. Bentching Over a Cup
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44:18 If there is an idolater present during bentching, the text recited in the HaRachaman section is “osanu, b’nei bris, kulanu yachad,” that God should bless those who are members of His covenant. 45:1 If three men ate bread together, they must join together to recite bentching with a “zimmun” (literally, an invitation; that is, […]
299. Forgetting Al HaNissim
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44:16 If one forgot to say Al HaNissim while bentching on Chanukah or Purim, and he only remembered after saying God’s Name at the end of the blessing, he does not go back. Instead, during the HaRachaman prayers, one adds “May the Merciful One perform miracles and wonders for us as He performed for our […]
298. Forgetting on Rosh Chodesh, et al.
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44:14 If someone neglected to say Yaaleh v’Yavo on Rosh Chodesh, he should recite the text, “Blessed are You, Hashem our G-d, King of the Universe, Who gave new months to His nation Israel, for a remembrance.” Unlike the compensatory prayer for Shabbos and yom tov, there is no concluding phrase to this text. This […]
297. Forgetting R’tzei and Yaaleh v’Yavo
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44:12 If one neglected to say R’tzei on Shabbos or Yaaleh v’Yavo on yom tov, if he realized his mistake before saying God’s Name in the conclusion of the bracha Boneh Yerushalayim, he should go back and say R’tzei and/or Yaaleh v’Yavo as appropriate and continue, repeating the blessing of Boneh Yerushalayim that he had […]
296. Forgetting if One Bentched
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44:10 When Shabbos is also Rosh Chodesh, a Festival or a Chol HaMoed, we say the paragraph R’tzei (for Shabbos) before Yaaleh v’Yavo (for the other occasion). This is because Shabbos occurs more frequently and the principle is that we say the more common thing before the less-common thing. (If one accidentally reversed the order, […]
295. When and Where to Bentch
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44:8 One may not delay bentching the time it takes to digest and become hungry again, which many authorities place at 72 minutes. If one did delay that long, he may no longer bentch. At a large gathering, people might sit together talking for a longer period than that after eating before they bentch. This […]