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645. Wounding a Sheretz, Squeezing Fruit
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Shabbos 8:9 When it comes to Shabbos laws, the eight creeping things (rodents and lizards) mentioned in the Torah have hides similar to those of domestic animals, wild animals and birds. Other small, crawling creatures are not considered to have such hides, so one would not be liable for wounding them. If a person wounds […]
644. Wounding an Animal or a Person
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Shabbos 8:7 One is liable for threshing the volume of a dried fig. The labor threshing only applies to produce, which grows from the ground. Removing produce from its shell is a subordinate labor of threshing, for which one would be liable; this is true in all similar cases. Similarly, one who milks an animal […]
643. Some Agricultural Subordinate Labors
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Shabbos 8:5 If a person plucks chicory or prunes fresh shoots intending to use them as food for people, the smallest measure for which he would be liable is the volume of a dried fig. If he plans to use them as animal feed, the smallest amount for which he would be liable is enough […]
642. Reaping
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Shabbos 8:3 One who reaps the volume of a dried fig is liable. Plucking fruit is a subordinate labor of reaping; one who removes vegetation from where it grows is liable for reaping. Therefore, one who removes grass growing from a rock, a parasitic plant that grows on a fern, or grass that grows on […]
641. Plowing and Planting
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Shabbos 8:1 One who plows even the smallest amount is liable. If someone removes the weeds around the roots of a tree, cuts grass or prunes branches to beautify his property, these are subordinate activities of plowing and he is liable for even the smallest amount of these labors. Similarly, if a person levels the […]
640. Performing Multiple Acts of Labor
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Shabbos 7:8 Based on the principle stated in 7:7, if a person plows, plants and harvests on Shabbos in one state of unawareness, he must bring three sin offerings for three primary categories of labor. If he violates all 39 categories of labors unintentionally – meaning that he forgot that it is prohibited to do […]
638. Subordinate Labors
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Shabbos 7:4 Similar to the examples in 7:2-3, whether one reaps grain or pulse, or if he harvests grapes, dates, olives or figs, they all represent the same primary category of labor because they all have the same goal: to remove produce from the place where it grows. The same idea applies with all the […]
637. Similar Activities
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Shabbos 7:2 The 39 labors and all similar activities are the primary categories of labor. “Similar activity” means as follows: Plowing, digging and making a groove in the dirt are all considered a primary category of labor since they all involve digging in the earth and they represent the same kind of activity. Shabbos 7:3 […]
636. A Shabbos Worker; The 39 Melachos
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Shabbos 6:25 If a person hires an employee to tend an animal or to babysit, he should not pay him a wage for Shabbos; accordingly, the employee is not responsible for Shabbos. If an employee was hired on a weekly basis, or an annual basis, he is paid the full amount (including Shabbos) and is […]