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1,263. Informing the People of a Leap Year
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 4:16 The Rambam says that it seems to him that the Sages’ statement about not declaring a leap year in a year of famine or in a Sabbatical year refers to not declaring a leap year due to the condition of the roads or bridges, or because of similar considerations. He still […]
1,262. Years in Which a Leap Year May Not Be Declared
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 4:14 If the 30 Adar arrived without the year being declared a leap year, it should never be made a leap year because that day could be Rosh Chodesh Nisan and once Nisan begins without the year being declared a leap year, doing so is no longer possible. Nevertheless, if the court […]
1,261. The Nasi’s Approval is Required
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 4:12 If the head of the Sanhedrin was away on a journey, the court may declare a leap year only on the condition that he will approve. If he returns and approves, the leap year takes effect; if he does not approve, it does not. A leap year may be only declared […]
1,260. The King and Kohein Gadol Don’t Get a Vote
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 4:10 If two judges say that it is necessary to declare a leap year and three disagree, the minority view is discarded. If three say that it is necessary to declare a leap year and two disagree, two more invited judges are added to the court and the matter is discussed. These […]
1,259. How the Leap Year was Declared
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 4:8 Taking these other things into account means that the court says that a leap year must be declared because the equinox falls late, or the barley has not yet ripened and the fruit trees have not yet blossomed, plus the young goats are too small and the doves are not yet […]
1,257. Other Reasons to Declare a Leap Year
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 4:4 Three lands are relevant to the issue of the ripening barley: Judah, Transjordan and the Galilee. If the barley has ripened in two of these places but not the third, a leap year is not declared. If the barley has ripened in only one of these places but not the other […]
1,256. Reasons to Declare a Leap Year
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 4:2 The year is made full (i.e. a leap year) because of three things: the vernal equinox, the ripening of barley and the blossoming of fruit trees. The court makes calculations in order to determine when the vernal equinox will fall. If it will be on 16 Nisan or later, the year […]
1,255. Declaring a Leap Year
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 3:18 We do intimidate witnesses whose testimonies are in dispute so that it will likely not be accepted and the month will be declared full. We do this so that their testimony will be upheld and the month sanctified in the proper time. Similarly, if witnesses come before the month is sanctified […]
1,254. Declaring a Month Full Out of Necessity
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Hilchos Kiddush HaChodesh 3:17 If the court needed to leave the month full as it was before the witnesses arrived, then it is left alone. This is what is meant when tractate Rosh Hashana refers to the month being declared full out of necessity. Some authorities disagree about this and are of the opinion that […]