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Lechem Mishna on Yom Tov
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WHAT TO USE Bagels for HaMotzi You may use two bagels for the two loaves (lechem mishneh), even though they are already sliced most of the way through, if you can pick up each bagel by its slightly smaller half and the larger half does not fall off. Crackers for HaMotzi The minimum volume of […]
Yom Tov: Kiddush
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KIDDUSH: WHO MAY MAKE Jewish Man or Woman Making Kiddush Any adult Jew, male or female, may say kiddush for him/herself and, as long as he/she still needs to say kiddush for him/herself, may include other Jews. Any Jewish male, 13 years old or older, may say kiddush for anyone else, either gender and any […]
Yom Tov: Mincha, Maariv and Meals
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WHAT TIME IS MINCHA BEFORE JEWISH FESTIVALS? The earliest permissible time to say mincha before a Jewish festival is one-half hour after halachic midday, as with all mincha prayers including before Shabbat. NOTE: You may begin the second day of any Jewish festival as early as plag ha’mincha. You should ideally say mincha before plag […]
Lighting Candles for Yom Tov
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SETTING THE TABLE A tablecloth should cover the table during Jewish festival meals, but you may remove and switch tablecloths. Even if you have a beautiful and valuable table, you should still cover it for Jewish festival (and Shabbat) meals. JEWISH FESTIVALS: WHEN MEN START Jewish festivals begin for men at sunset or when they […]
Pre-Yom Tov Considerations
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Dateline Considerations If unsure which day to start the Jewish festival because you are near the International Dateline, follow guidelines for Shabbat. One Day or Two? Outside of Eretz Yisrael, Jewish festivals are observed for two days instead of one. REASON: In ancient Jerusalem, the Sanhedrin declared the new month based on testimony of at […]
Introduction to Hilchot Yom Tov
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Jewish Festivals are listed in the Torah and are of two types: Three pilgrimage festivals (shalosh regalim): Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot (including Shimini Atzeret). These festivals were celebrated in ancient times by “appearing before God”–by bringing offerings to the Tabernacle or Temple. High Holidays: The Jewish New Year (Rosh Hashana—“Yom Teru’a” in the Torah), and […]
Shabbat Preparation Checklist
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Download in PDF SHABBAT PREPARATION CHECKLIST Preparing For Shabbat Here are some suggestions (these are NOT halachot!) of what to prepare in advance of Shabbat. Add or delete to suit your needs! Candle Lighting ____ Check candle lighting time ____ Set the candles in their holders (and have matches nearby) Set the Table ____ Set […]
Shabbat: V-W (Videotaping, Walking, Water)
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VIDEOTAPING Being Videotaped by a Jew You may not be videotaped by a Jew on Shabbat even if it is not for your benefit, but there is no need to cover your face. If there is danger (for example, the town of Efrat in Israel has video monitoring 24/7), it is permissible to be videotaped. […]
Shabbat: T (Talking, Transportation, Trees)
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TALKING Talking about Weekday Subjects You may talk about weekday subjects on Shabbat if what you are discussing already happened, but you may not discuss plans to do activities that involve any type of melacha, even d’rabanan. TAPING Taping Items Together You may not tape items together on Shabbat if you intend for them to […]
Shabbat: R-S (Refrigerators, Secular Studies, Sunscreen)
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REFRIGERATORS Opening Refrigerator When Compressor Not On On Shabbat, even though you may cause a compressor to turn on while you are using it or soon afterward, you may: Open the door to a refrigerator or freezer. Use a water cooler. NOTE: This also applies to water fountains such as in schools and synagogues. Opening […]