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Tum’a Removal – Part I
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WHAT REMOVES TUM’A Minimum Amount of Water To Remove Tum’a The minimum amount of water to remove tum’a (ritual impurity) is 3.3 fl. oz. (99 ml, or 1 revi’it) total, for both hands. NOTE: By starting with at least one revi’it per hand when washing, we avoid problems of transferring tum’a to other people or utensils. If you start with only one revi’it and […]
Causes of Tum’a – Part III
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PATIENT REVIVAL Retroactive Tum’a If a patient has no pulse, is chilled, and has no brain function but can be revived, there is no tum’a. If the person is not revived, the tum’a may be retroactive. PRAYER Blessing near Tum’a For purposes of prayer while tum’a is around: Feces are OK once they no longer smell. Urine and impure […]
Causes of Tum’a – Part II
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FOOD Leaving Cut Produce Uncovered Overnight Some foods (such as onions, garlic, and scallions/green onions) will pick up ru’ach ra’a if: Peeled, AND Cut at both ends, AND Left overnight in a home, AND Raw (OR cooked) and not mixed with other foods, spices, or salt. NOTE: Under the above conditions, the food will pick up ru’ach ra’a even […]
Causes of Tum’a – Part I
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ANIMALS Wash your hands with a cup, using the One-Time Method, after touching any animal. REASON: Due to the dirt (which may carry tum’a due to fecal matter and other impure substances) assumed to be on the animal. BATHROOM Music in the Bathroom You should not listen to Jewish music containing lines from the Torah (psukim) while you […]
Tahara and Tum’a
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Introduction to Tahara and Tum’a The Torah commands us to be kedoshim (holy, or set apart), requiring purity in what we eat, how we speak, what we wear, and how we behave. Tum’a is spiritual impurity generally resulting from transitions from life to death (even in a small measure; for instance—sleep or cutting nails). Tum’a inhibits or blocks us from achieving holiness. Since we […]
Yashan; Fruit Trees
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YASHAN Introduction to Yashan Only yashan grain should be used. Yashan means one of the Five Grains that was planted at least three days before Passover and has now passed the first day of chol ha’moed of Passover.  Grain planted after one Passover that has not passed the first day of chol ha’moed of the following Passover is known as “chadash.” Grains Subject to Yashan Wheat, barley, oats, rye, and spelt are […]
Shmita
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Introduction to Shmita Every seventh year, fruits, vegetables, grains, and legumes grown in Eretz Yisrael are subject to the laws of “shmita,” which entail letting the land rest. Holiness of Shmita Produce Fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, etc., grown in Eretz Yisrael holiness. This holiness determines how we may treat fruit during shmita, including how to eat it and how to dispose of […]
Teruma and Ma’aser
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Grown in Eretz Yisrael Teruma and ma’aser laws only apply to produce grown in Eretz Yisrael. Types of Plants: Herbs Separate teruma and ma’aser on herbs grown in Eretz Yisrael. Ownership: Separating Hefkeir Produce “Ownerless” (hefkeir) fruit does not require having teruma and ma’aser separated even after it has been brought into your house. What Is Hefkeir Produce Halachically ownerless (hefkeir) fruit is fruit that will not be collected or picked […]
Firsts (Reishit) – Including Pidyon HaBein
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Introduction Jews thank God for His blessings by giving Him the “first” (reishit) of various products (as well as a tenth/ma’aser of agricultural and other wealth). “First” applies to: First-Born/Petter Rechem First-born male children/petter rechem (redeemed with money). First-born male kosher domestic animals (calf, lamb, kid)/petter rechem (in Temple times: sacrificed on altar; now, permanent holy status). First-born male donkeys/petter rechemchamor (redeemed with […]
Orla
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Which Fruit Is Orla Do not eat tree fruit for the first three years of the tree (orla); any tree fruits from the fourth year (neta revai) must be redeemed with a pruta before eating, even outside of Eretz Yisrael. NOTE: It is not possible to redeem neta revai in the old city of Jerusalem! Which Uses Are Prohibited You may […]