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Weddings
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Minimum Number of Men The minimum number of men at the kidushin part of a wedding is two Jewish males, at least 13 years old (needed as witnesses), plus the groom. Witnesses: Four Pairs A Jewish wedding requires four pairs of witnesses, but the same witnesses may be used for all four parts: tanayim; ketuba; […]
Introduction to Weddings and Marriage; Dating
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Introduction The purpose of the rabbi at a wedding is to ensure that the extremely detailed wedding halachot, as set out by the Shulchan Aruch, are followed correctly. If not, the wedding might not be kosher. A Jewish marriage includes: a written document (ketuba); a financial transaction (ring) in front of two kosher witnesses; and […]
Toveling Utensils
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Tevila is the Hebrew word for immersion.  You must tovel (immerse in a mikva or other halachically purifying water) new utensils made of metal or other materials that require tevila unless you know that they were: Made by a Jew, Sold by a Jew, and Not owned by a non-Jew in between. How To Tovel To tovel a utensil, you may go to any kosher natural mikva (see section […]
Tum’a Removal part 3 – Tevila
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Natural Mikva: Rabbinic Guidance Rabbinic guidance is recommended when using a river, lake, or spring as a mikva due to: Problems of mud, dirt, or sand, and Difficulty in checking if the person is fully underwater, It might not be a kosher mikva. NOTE: This section applies to the immersion of both utensils and people, since the same principles apply. […]
Tum’a Removal part 2 – Handwashing
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HANDWASHING: ONE-TIME METHOD When To Use the One-Time Handwashing Method Use the One-Time Method to wash hands from tum’a: Before… Eating bread. Prayer services. After… Cutting fingernails or toenails. Getting a haircut or shaving. Giving blood. Urinating or defecating. Scratching the hair on your head. Touching leather shoes (not after touching synthetic or cloth shoes). Touching normally covered […]
Tum’a Removal – Part I
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WHAT REMOVES TUM’A Minimum Amount of Water To Remove Tum’a The minimum amount of water to remove tum’a (ritual impurity) is 3.3 fl. oz. (99 ml, or 1 revi’it) total, for both hands. NOTE: By starting with at least one revi’it per hand when washing, we avoid problems of transferring tum’a to other people or utensils. If you start with only one revi’it and […]
Causes of Tum’a – Part III
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PATIENT REVIVAL Retroactive Tum’a If a patient has no pulse, is chilled, and has no brain function but can be revived, there is no tum’a. If the person is not revived, the tum’a may be retroactive. PRAYER Blessing near Tum’a For purposes of prayer while tum’a is around: Feces are OK once they no longer smell. Urine and impure […]
Causes of Tum’a – Part II
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FOOD Leaving Cut Produce Uncovered Overnight Some foods (such as onions, garlic, and scallions/green onions) will pick up ru’ach ra’a if: Peeled, AND Cut at both ends, AND Left overnight in a home, AND Raw (OR cooked) and not mixed with other foods, spices, or salt. NOTE: Under the above conditions, the food will pick up ru’ach ra’a even […]
Causes of Tum’a – Part I
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ANIMALS Wash your hands with a cup, using the One-Time Method, after touching any animal. REASON: Due to the dirt (which may carry tum’a due to fecal matter and other impure substances) assumed to be on the animal. BATHROOM Music in the Bathroom You should not listen to Jewish music containing lines from the Torah (psukim) while you […]
Tahara and Tum’a
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Introduction to Tahara and Tum’a The Torah commands us to be kedoshim (holy, or set apart), requiring purity in what we eat, how we speak, what we wear, and how we behave. Tum’a is spiritual impurity generally resulting from transitions from life to death (even in a small measure; for instance—sleep or cutting nails). Tum’a inhibits or blocks us from achieving holiness. Since we […]