Yoma 4:4-5

Yoma 4:4

On other days of the year, a kohein scooped coals with a silver pan and poured them into a gold pan. On Yom Kippur, the Kohein Gadol scooped them up with a gold pan, which he then used to transport them. On other days, coals were scooped using a four-kav pan (about two liters) and poured into a three-kav pan but on Yom Kippur they were scooped and brought in using a three-kav pan. Rabbi Yosi says that on others days the coals were scooped using a one-seah pan (i.e., six kav) and poured into a three-kav pan but on Yom Kippur they were scooped and brought in using a three-kav pan. On other days the pan was thick and heavy but on Yom Kippur it was thin and light. On other days the pan’s handle was short but on Yom Kippur it was long. On other days the pan was made of yellow gold but on Yom Kippur it was made of red gold; this is the opinion of Rabbi Menachem. On other days, he would offer a pras (half a maneh’s weight) of incense in the morning and a pras in the afternoon; on Yom Kippur he also offered two handfuls of incense as part of the service. On other days of the year, the incense was fine but on Yom Kippur it was extremely fine.

Yoma 4:5

On other days of the year, kohanim ascended the altar on the east side of the ramp and descended on the west side; on Yom Kippur, the Kohein Gadol ascended and descended in the middle. Rabbi Yehuda says that the Kohein Gadol would always ascend and descend in the middle. On other days, the Kohein Gadol would wash his hands and feet from the laver but on Yom Kippur he would wash them from a jug of gold. Rabbi Yehuda says that the Kohein Gadol would always wash his hands and feet from the jug of gold.
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