Ranges are THU-TUE 25 Elul - 8 Tishrei (Sep29-Oct11) 13-day range
Subt. 1 hr from Oct.9
Earliest Talit & T'filin - 5:42-5:50am
Sunrise - 6:31½-6:39½am
Sof Z'man Kri'at Sh'ma - 9:30-9:32am (8:45-8:48am)
Sof Z'man T'fila - 10:29-10:30am (10:00-10:00am)
Chatzot (halachic noon) - 12:29½-12:26pm
Mincha Gedola (earliest Mincha) - 1:03-12:56pm
Plag Mincha - 5:13-5:00pm
Sunset - 6:31½-6:16½pm (6:27-6:12pm)
*Concerning "Earliest Shacharit", the time is actually the earliest
time for Tallit & T'fillin. In extenuating circumstances, one may
daven earlier than T&T time, but will have to do so without T&T,
until their later time. A fast begins earlier than T&T time, namely
Candle lighting (regular and earliest) and Havdala times - Israel
Summer Time (DST) -
Nitzavim Rosh HaShana Vayeilech
FRI Motz"sh MON TUE WED FRI Motzs"h
Jerusalem 5:50pm 7:01pm 5:46pm 6:57pm 6:56pm 5:41pm 6:52pm
Raanana 6:06pm 7:02pm 6:03pm 6:58pm 6:57pm 5:57pm 6:53pm
Beit Shemesh 6:06pm 7:02pm 6:02pm 6:58pm 6:57pm 5:57pm 6:53pm
Netanya 6:06pm 7:02pm 6:02pm 6:58pm 6:57pm 5:57pm 6:53pm
Rehovot 6:07pm 7:02pm 6:03pm 6:59pm 6:57pm 5:58pm 6:54pm
Petach Tikva 5:46pm 7:02pm 5:42pm 6:58pm 6:57pm 5:37pm 6:53pm
Modi'in 6:06pm 7:02pm 6:02pm 6:58pm 6:57pm 5:57pm 6:53pm
Be'er Sheva 6:07pm 7:02pm 6:03pm 6:59pm 6:56pm 5:58pm 6:54pm
Gush Etzion 6:05pm 7:01pm 6:01pm 6:57pm 6:56pm 5:56pm 6:52pm
Ginot Shomron 6:05pm 7:01pm 6:02pm 6:57pm 6:56pm 5:56pm 6:52pm
Maale Adumim 5:50pm 7:00pm 5:46pm 6:57pm 6:55pm 5:41pm 6:52pm
K4 & Hevron 6:06pm 7:01pm 6:02pm 6:57pm 6:56pm 5:57pm 6:53pm
Tzfat 5:59pm 7:00pm 5:55pm 6:56pm 6:55pm 5:49pm 6:51pm
Notes: All times in the chart above are Israel Summer Time. We will
turn the clock back one hour on Motza'ei Shabbat Parshat Vayeilech
(really, early Sunday morning, October 9th) at 2:00am. But the times
for the range of dates for this Torah Tidbits #687 are all still in
For the Fridays and Motza'ei Shabbatot, procedures
for candle lighting and havdala are as usual.
On Monday, October 3rd, Erev Rosh HaShana, it is
recommended to light a 24-hour candle before Yom Tov candles, so that a
flame will readily be available for candle lighting on the second night of
Rosh HaShana, when striking a match is forbidden.
The brachot for Yom Tov candles should preferably
be said immediately before lighting the candles (not after lighting, as is
standard Shabbat candles procedure). Covering the eyes is not necessary for
Yom Tov candles, if the brachot are said first.
A woman who wants to light Rosh HaShana candles
the same way she lights Shabbat candles, may do so (including covering her
For the second night, wait until dark (see times
above), light from a pre-existing flame only, brachot first, then light.
Many follow the custom of having a SHE'HE'CHE'YANU fruit or garment in mind
when lighting on the second night.
Havdala on Wednesday night, Motza'ei Rosh HaShana,
is wine (Borei Pri HaGafen) and havdala (HaMavdil Bein Kodesh L'Chol) only.
No introductory p'sukim (Hinei Keil...). No B'samim. No candle.
Jerusalem lights candles 40 minutes before sunset. (Except for those who
don’t follow that custom.) Which sunset? Important question. The standard
practice is to count 40 minutes before “sunset of elevation”. Jerusalem is a
little over 800m above sea level. If one could see the sun set over a
horizon at sea level (which can be done from some parts of J’lem), it would
set about 5 minutes later than someone watching from sea level, or seeing
the sun set beyond mountains that are approx. the same height as Jerusalem
is. Since the sunset on the same plane is 5 minutes earlier, and for Shabbat
purposes is the sunset we would have to consider because of the strictness
of Shabbat, then J’lem candle lighting time is really only 35 minutes before
“the other” sunset. All other places at some height above sea level have
similar problems. Tzfat lights candles 30 minutes before sunset. Official
candle lighting for Petach Tikva is 40 minutes before sunset, just like
Jerusalem. Not everybody holds by that timing. Some communities calculate
Shabbat out at 33 minutes after sunset. Some use the angle of the sun below
the horizon to “end Shabbat” (8.5 deg). Bottom line for now: until we get
the chart running smoothly, don’t rely on it exclusively. Cross-check times
with calendars and charts. Please report discrepancies to us, so that we can
improve our time table. Also realize that Sfardim and Ashkenazim often has
differences in minhag.
Explanation of the Z'manim
Sunrise for Jerusalem does not take into account elevation, since the
eastern horizon (where the sun rises) consists of the Hills of Moav across
the Jordan River, which are approx. at the same elevation as Jerusalem
Sunset, on the other hand, is given for an
elevation of 825m and, in parentheses, as if at sea level. There are
different opinions as to which sunset time should be used for halachic
purposes. We present both times.
The deadlines for the SH'MA and the Shacharit
Amida can be calculated in two ways. Either considering the day to be from
sunrise to sunset or from dawn to stars out. The first way of reckoning is
known as the opinion of the GR"A, and is the first time given in each case.
The second method is known as the Magen Avraham, and is presented in
Aside from candle lighting and havdala, the times
are presented as a range, from the current Thursday of the issue of Torah
Tidbits until the coming Thursday, a span of 8 days. Days between the two
Thursdays can be determined by interpolation (which means: a method by which
to estimate a value of between two known values-this is something that
people above a certain age might remember from high school trigonometry and
logarithms, but younger people who went to school during the calculator era
might not be familiar with).
It is usually wise to "pad" the times with a
minute or two in the "play it safe" direction. E.g. Plag Mincha. Better to
finish Mincha a minute or two before the given time. But, better to not
light candles until a minute or two after the given time.