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Isaiah – Chapter 6
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This chapter contains Isaiah’s very first prophecy. It says that it occurred in the year that King Uziyahu died, but it is generally accepted that it means the year he was struck with tzaraas (leprosy). In his vision, Isaiah saw the throne of G-d. (This is an anthropomorphism; of course, G-d has no literal body […]
Isaiah – Chapter 5
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Isaiah starts this chapter with the allegory of a vineyard. His beloved friend had a vineyard in a fertile field, which he fenced in and cleared of debris. He planted it and placed a watchman in it, but instead of grapes, wild berries grew there. This is like the people of Jerusalem. G-d cleared the […]
Isaiah – Chapter 4
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Our last chapter ended that many men would die in battle. So many would die that seven widows would each ask a man to marry them. They did not really need the support of a husband, but they needed to be at least nominally married so that they would not be molested by the Babylonian […]
Isaiah – Chapter 3
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In this chapter, Isaiah speaks not of the Messianic era, but to people of his own generation. G-d is removing the supports from Judah and Jerusalem – soldiers and warriors, judges, prophets and elders. Instead, young and inexperienced people will lead, as will those who mock. People will be oppressed; young people will be disrespectful […]
Isaiah – Chapter 2
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After his “chazon” – the harsh prophecy of chapter 1 – Isaiah now has a “davar” – a “word” of consolation. At the “end of days,” after the wicked are destroyed, G-d’s House will be firmly established. All the nations will flock to Him, turning their instruments of war into farming implements. Isaiah speaks to […]
Isaiah – Chapter 1
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Isaiah (Yeshayahu) was the son of Amotz, who was the brother of Amatziah, then king of Judah (Megillah 10b). He prophesied to the nation of Judah and its capital, Jerusalem. This prophecy is called a vision (“chazon”), which denotes a harsh form of prophecy. In this chapter, Isaiah calls upon the heavens and earth to […]
II Kings – Chapter 25
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In the ninth year of Tzidkiyahu’s reign, on the 10th day of the 10th month (Teves), Nebuchadnezzar started his siege against Jerusalem. In the eleventh and last year of Tzidkiyahu’s reign, on the 9th day of the 4th month (Tammuz), the city wall was breached. (In the days of the second Temple, this was done […]
II Kings – Chapter 24
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During the reign of Yehoyakim, Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylonia, invaded Judah. Yehoyakim served him for three years, then rebelled. The armies of Kasdim, Aram, Moav, and Ammon all mobilized against Judah. This was orchestrated by G-d, as He had said through the prophets. Yehoyakim reigned for 11 years. When he died, he was succeeded by […]
II Kings – Chapter 23
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King Yoshiyahu gathered the elders of the nation and headed for the Temple. He read the rebuke from the Torah to the assembled people of his nation. He and the people committed to uphold the words of the Torah. The king had the Kohanim remove all vestiges of idolatry from the Temple. He had them […]
II Kings – Chapter 22
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Yoshiyahu was only eight years old when he became king. When he was 18, he decided that it was time again to have repairs made in the Temple. He told the Kohanim (priests) to collect money and give it to the workmen, as had been done in the time of King Yoash. Chilkiah, the Kohen […]