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Micah 4:11
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The seventeenth bracha of Shemoneh Esrei is Avodah (service) and it expresses a desire to see Jerusalem and the Temple Mount similar to the one in this verse – except this verse refers to the enemies of Israel in the future, at the time of the war of Gog and Magog! The Radak explains that […]
Jeremiah 23:5
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The fifteenth bracha of Shemoneh Esrei is Malchus Beis David, for the restoration of the Davidic dynasty. The Moshiach (Messiah) will be a descendant of King David and he is referred to as “tzemach David,” “the shoot of David.” (“Shoot” in the botanical sense, like a sprout.) The Radak on our verse explains that a […]
Numbers 1:9
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In the Torah, the name Cheilon is written what’s called chaseir (lacking) – ches-lamed-nun, without a letter vav to indicate the “O” sound. Onkelos renders the name malei (full) – ches-lamed-vav-nun. The significance of this? Absolutely none. It would appear to be nothing more than a transcription error on the part of copyists.
Jeremiah 17:1
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The Metzudas David explains that this verse continues from the end of the previous chapter, where it tells us that the nations of the world will abandon idolatry and come to recognize G-d. Nevertheless, the sin of Judah will already have become indelibly imprinted upon the people, as if carved there by the hardest implements […]
Zechariah 8:3
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The bracha of Binyan Yerushalayim (the rebuilding of Jerusalem) continues by asking G-d to cause His Presence to dwell in Jerusalem as He has said He would do – a reference to this verse. The Radak – based on a parallel prophecy in Zephaniah chapter 3 – clarifies that this promise actually refers to all […]
Deuteronomy 30:3
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The 14th bracha of Shemoneh Esrei is Binyan Yerushalayim, the rebuilding of Jerusalem. In this verse, G-d says that He will return the people from exile. The Talmud in Megillah (29a) explains that when God exiles the Jews, He also exiles the Shechinah (His Presence) to some degree. When the Jews return, He metaphorically comes […]
Proverbs 24:17
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The twelfth bracha of Shemoneh Esrei, Birkas HaMinim (against heretics) was composed by Shmuel HaKatan. He is also cited in Pirkei Avos (4:19) for this statement, that we should not take joy in the downfall of our enemies. The Bertinuro explains that even though this dictum is a verse in Mishlei (Proverbs), it is attributed […]
Leviticus 26:3
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We actually have One+Two today, because we need the first commentary in order to understand the second. Rashi cites the Sifra that “chukosai” (My statutes) refers to Torah study, while “mitzvosai” (My commandments) obviously means the mitzvos. With this in mind, the ibn Ezra tells us that it is a mitzvah to study Torah specifically […]
Jeremiah 32:22
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How exactly does a land flow with milk? The Metzudas David explains that the fields where the cattle graze are so fertile that the cows’ milk is abundant and flows from their udders.
Leviticus 19:15
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At the conclusion of the bracha of Din (justice), we call G-d “Melech oheiv tzedakah u’mishpat” – the King Who loves righteousness and judgment. Or does it mean “charity and judgment?”  Actually, it means both, as the two concepts are intertwined! For example, Rashi understands this verse to mean not only that we should judge […]