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Isaiah 44:6
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Another of the verses of Malkiyos recited on Rosh Hashana, the ibn Ezra explains this verse as follows: G-d is the exclusive “King of Israel” when they are in their land and not subject to any foreign power subjugating them. He is “their Redeemer” when they are in exile. At all times, He is “L-rd […]
Deuteronomy 33:5
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This verse is one of the Malkiyos – the verses expressing G-d’s kingship – recited as part of Musaf on Rosh Hashana. “He” in the verse refers to G-d and Jeshurun, from the Hebrew word “yashar” (meaning “upright”) refers to the nation of Israel. The Ramban explains that G-d is evident as the Jews’ King […]
Daniel 12:13
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Daniel was told that he was not going to live to see his prophecies come to pass but earlier in this chapter (verses 2-3), he foretold the future resurrection of the dead. Rashi tells us that the phrase “arise for your lot” refers to the portion reserved for the righteous. This is described in verse […]
Psalms 90:4
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The Radak explains that a human should never be lulled into a false sense of importance by his relative greatness compared to other mortals. Even if a person were to live a thousand years, his end is the same as everyone else’s and once his life is over, it’s like a day gone by regardless […]
Ezekiel 44:22
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This verse is discussing the third Temple era and it appears at odds with our current practice, that a kohein may marry a widow, though the Kohein Gadol (High Priest) may not. The Radak offers two explanations for this verse. The first suggests an increased level of sanctity in the third Temple era, limiting even […]
Joshua 10:1
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Just as the kings of Egypt were all called “Pharaoh” and the kings of the Philistines were called “Avimelech,” the Radak informs us that the kings of Jerusalem were all called either Adoni-Tzedek (master of righteousness) or Malki-Tzedek (king of righteousness, as in Genesis 14:18). This is because Jerusalem is known as the place of […]
0:0
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This familiar verse doesn’t appear in the Torah, so it actually isn’t a verse at all! And yet we recite it in between the verses of Shema (Deut. 6:4) and v’ahavta (Deut. 6:5 – so perhaps we should consider it Deut. 6:4 ½!). The midrash in Devarim Rabbah 2:25 tells us that when Moshe visited […]
Ruth 4:20
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The last five verses of Ruth detail the generations from Peretz to David. The Ibn Ezra wants to calculate how many years it was from the Exodus to the birth of David. If we assume that Nachshon was under the age of 20 when he left Egypt, he could have entered Israel. If so, that […]
Psalms 116:11
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This verse may be familiar as part of Hallel. Rashi tells us that it refers to the incident in I Samuel chapter 23, wherein David was almost captured by Saul and his army. David was upset that the prophet Shmuel, who anointed him, said that David would eventually be king – clearly a lie! When […]
Ezekiel 40:1
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The tenth day of the month? But everyone knows that Rosh Hashana is on the first day of the month! Actually, the Talmud in Arachin (12a) explains that this was during Yoveil – the Jubilee year. Yoveil has special rules, like land reverts to its original owners and slaves go free. The special rules of […]