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Zechariah – Chapter 8
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Having described Israel’s rebellion and punishment in the previous chapter, G-d continues: I will avenge myself on the nations who unduly oppress Israel. I will return to Jerusalem, which will continue to be known as the city of truth and the Temple mount will again be known as the holy mountain. Old men and women […]
Zechariah – Chapter 7
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It happened during the fourth year of King Darius, while the Temple was already being rebuilt, that G-d spoke again to Zechariah. Emissaries sent people to pray to G-d and to inquire of the kohanim (priests) and the prophets as to whether they should still observe the fast of Tisha B’Av as they did while […]
Zechariah – Chapter 6
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Zechariah looked up and he saw four chariots coming from between two mountains of copper, which represent strong kingdoms. The first chariot was driven by red horses, the second by black horses, the third by white horses and the fourth by spotted and gray horses. (According to Rashi, the red horses represent Babylonia, the black […]
Zechariah – Chapter 5
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Zechariah looked up and he saw a flying scroll (or perhaps a folded scroll). The angel asked what he saw and Zechariah replied a flying (folded) scroll twenty cubits by ten cubits. (If the word “afah” means folded, then unfolded it would measure twenty cubits by twenty cubits) The angel told him that this represents […]
Zechariah – Chapter 4
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The angel who spoke with Zechariah returned and woke him up. He asked Zechariah what he had seen in his vision. Zechariah responded that he saw a golden menorah with its bowl of oil on top and seven lamps (in which the oil and wicks were placed). There were seven tubes going to the lamps. […]
Zechariah – Chapter 3
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G-d showed Zechariah a vision of Joshua the Kohein Gadol (High Priest) standing before an angel with prosecuting angel nearby to accuse him. G-d reprimanded the prosecuting angel saying that He chose Jerusalem and that Joshua the Kohein Gadol was pulled from the fire (referring to an incident related in Sanhedrin 93a). Joshua the Kohein […]
Zechariah – Chapter 2
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Zechariah looked up and saw four horns (horns as in “ox horns” as opposed to, say, trumpets). Zechariah asked what these horns represented and he was told that these likewise represent the various conquering nations: Babylonia, Persia, Greece and Rome. Then Zechariah saw four carpenters coming to saw down these horns. (These carpenters refer to […]
Zechariah – Chapter 1
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The prophecy of Zechariah is, according to Rashi, a “closed book,” whose visions are very difficult to understand. The prophet Zechariah was a descendant of Iddo the Seer, whom we see elsewhere in Tanach (the Bible). Zechariah was a contemporary of the prophet Haggai. G-d spoke to Zechariah in the second year of the reign […]