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The able-bodied accepting tsedakah and the concept of kollel
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Shiur #72 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Mishlei verse 3:18. Properly understanding the Rambam's statement which is critical of taking money to learn Torah. The mismatch of the pursuit of money and honor, with the pursuit of Torah excellence. The all-encompassing value of "darkah shel Torah." The definition of 'the poor,' for tsedakah collection purposes. Description of the situations to which the Rambam's critique does not apply. Citations: Besides the commentaries related to Mishlei, the following sources are also referenced in this shiur: Rambam Hilchos Talmud Torah 3:1,6,9,10, found in the source packets on page 6, and Chayei Adam 1st chelek, 10th klal, 14th se'if, found in the source packets on page 7.
“…v’chol nesivosehah shalom” in halachah
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Shiur #71 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Debate among the Rishonim regarding the purpose of the institution of eruv chatzeros. The consideration of enhancing peace as a reason to encourage construction of contemporary eruvin. Citations: The following sources are referenced in this shiur: Semag, essen - asay d'rabbonon #1, found in the source packets on page 1, and Maharsha Chidushei Halachos to Eruvin 105a, found in the source packets on pages 2-3, and Teshuvas Igros Moshe Orach Chaim, 5th chelek, siman 28 and 29, found in the source packets on pages 3-5.
Dracheha Darchei Noam – part 2
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Shiur #70 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Further discussion of when dracheha darchei noam applies, and when it does not. The Bais Yosef extends this principle from just being a tool of technical darshening, to explaining a prevalent minhag. Teshuvas HaRosh defines a crime based on an act violating darchei noam, aside from considerations of honesty and strict halachah. Invoking darchei noam as a way to address a doubt regarding how a last will is meant to be understood. Darchei noam as being equivalent to proper, upright conduct. Citations: This shiur references the following sources: Teshuvas Radbaz III #627, found in the source packets on page 1, and Tur Choshen Mishpat, siman 99, found in the source packets on pages 2-3, and Teshuvas Noda BiYehuda Mahadura Tinyana Even HaEzer, siman 79, found in the source packets on pages 3-4.
Darchei Noam as used in halachah
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Shiur #69 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Dracheha darchei noam is used to clarify which of several possible explanations of a verse is correct. It does not mean that every halachah in Torah is going to be pleasant. Discussion of the machlokess Amoraim over which verse to quote to make this point. Citations: This shiur references the following sources: Rashi in Gemara Yevamos, found in the source packets on page 1, and Gemara Sukkah 32a with Rashi, found in the source packets on page 1, and Sfas Emes to Gemara Sukkah 32b, found in the source packets on pages 1-2, and Gemara Sukkah 32b with Rashi, Tosfos and Aruch LaNer, found in the source packets on pages 2-3.
Mitzvos Meant To Make Us Merry?
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Shiur #66 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Maharal's opinion that even though the Torah is good and pleasant, the mitzvos were not commanded in order to grant us, or instill in us, goodness and pleasantness. They are simply decrees of our Master. The Rambam's opinion regarding our ability to discern the reasons for mitzvos but not the reasons for the details of each mitzvah. The Ramban's opinion: mitzvos are for our benefit, but Hashem does not need our mitzvos. Ramban believes that mitzvos are to transform us into elevated and refined people. Maharal disagrees with both positions and holds that mitzvos serve supernaturally to free our souls from their being stuck in our physical state, and mitzvos allow the soul to cleave to Hashem. We have a very specific role in Hashem's Creation, which is accomplished through mitzvah performance, and that mechanism is unfathomable to us. Citations: The following source is referenced in this shiur: Sefer Tiferes Yisroel of the Maharal of Prague, chapters 6-8 found in the source packets on pages 1-5.
Insights into Modim D’Rabbonon
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Shiur #67 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: The difference between "hoda'ah al" and "hoda'ah sheh... ." Discussion of how Modim dRabbnon serves the role of kabbolos ol malchus shomayim. The significance of chazaras haShatz. Sensing the presence of Hashem. Citations: There is no source packet for this shiur.
Analysis of the first two paragraphs of Krias Shema
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Shiur #66 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Differences between the 1st and 2nd paragraphs of Krias Shema. The relationship between reward/punishment and the acceptance of mitzvos. How does the acceptance of G-d's sovereignty not already necessarily include the acceptance of His mitzvos? Our performance of mitzvos reflects beliefs; we don't emphasize declarations of belief. 1st paragraph is a declaration of Hashem as King over the whole universe, therefore we don't mention the special relationship of Jews to Him. 2nd paragraph emphasizes the special connection Jews have with Hashem. 2nd paragraph parallels the intimate connection we have when praying. Differences between ahavas Hashem and learning Torah related in the first paragraph versus the second paragraph. Citations: The following sources are referenced in this shiur: Talmud Yerushalmi Maseches Brachos 2:1, found in the source packets on page 1, and Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 63:6, found in the source packets on page 1.
The enterprise of studying the reason behind mitzvos
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Shiur #65 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Discussion of the individual and the community with respect to fulfillment of mitzvos and deserving punishment. Discussion of our ability to derive lessons for ethical behavior from the details of mitzvos like shiluach ha-ken and the prohibition of slaughtering a cow and its baby in one day. Citations: The following source is referenced in this shiur: Sefer Tiferes Yisroel of the Maharal of Prague, chapters 5,6, found in the source packets on pages 1-5.
The relationship between opportunity, striving, and reality
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Shiur #64 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: The reasons for the complexity of Torah and the multiplicity of mitzvos. The importance of our very relationship to Torah, aside from our actual successful observance thereof. The sense of sadness that a person has in discovering how much Torah he might not succeed in learning or observing. Insight into the purpose of a siyum masechta. Aspirations for greatness, and the reality which strives to achieve that vision. Citations: This shiur references the following sources: Sefer Tiferes Yisroel of the Maharal of Prague, chapter 5, found in the source packets on page 1, and Sefer Shem Olam, first chelek, 19th chapter, found in the source packets on pages 1-2.
Can just one mitzvah earn you a place in Olom Haba?
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Shiur #63 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: The reason why there are so many mitzvos. Can just one properly performed mitzvah radically affect one's spiritual balance sheet? The greatness and expanse of Torah, and the natural propensity of Jews towards Torah and mitzvos. Citations: This shiur references the following source: Sefer Tiferes Yisroel of the Maharal of Prague, chapter 5, found in the source packets on pages 1-3.