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Continuation of the Ramban’s presentation of emunah and bitachon
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Shiur #79 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Bitachon as trust in Hashem that He will assist you to perform mitzvos. The spiritual danger of assuming that one's prayers must be answered in the affirmative, in the short term. The importance of the existence of forgiveness for ensuring yiras Hashem. Discussion of the importance of hishtadlus for livelihood. Citations: The following source is referenced in this shiur: The Ramban's Sefer HaEmunah viHaBitachon, found in the source packets on pages 1-3.
The Ramban’s presentation of emunah and bitachon
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Shiur #78 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: The Ramban's sefer HaEmunah viHaBitachon. Definition of emunah and bitachon, and the relationship between the two. Bitachon and having sullied one's record with sin. Bitachon and possible exhaustion of merits. Analysis of Yaakov Avinu's concerns about his ability to enjoy Hashem's promise made earlier to him. The nature of Yaakov's fear and preparations when Esav approached with his armed men. Citations: The following source is referenced in this shiur: The Ramban's Sefer HaEmunah viHaBitachon, 1st chapter, which is found in the source packets on pages 1-3.
The two-faced yetzer hara, and what’s needed to vanquish it
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Shiur #77 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Mishlei verses 3:21-26. Brief discussion of valuable chein and useless chein. Importance of taking into account how people view your conduct. The yetzer hara's co-opting of mitzvah-performance in order to further the agenda of aveirah. Torah gives both strength and protection. Insights into Yaakov Avinu's efforts to overcome his yetzer hara through learning Torah, and his impression of his degree of success, as evidenced in his confrontation with Eliphaz. Citations: Besides the commentaries related to Mishlei, the following source is also referenced in this shiur: Pri Tzaddik, Bereishis Parshas VaYeytse, 2nd os, found in the source packets on pages 2-5.
Maintenance of the world, post-churban
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Shiur #76 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Discussion of what keeps the world intact after the destruction of the Bais HaMikdosh. The importance of understanding that we are missing something central to our lives. Missing the Mikdash and Moshiach means missing our proper relationship with Torah and Hashem. Insight into "lishu-as'chah kivinu kol ha-yom." Parallel of din, emes and shalom to chochmah, binah and da'as, and the physical manifestations caused by their deterioration. Further parallel to Torah, avodah and gemilus chasodim. The multitudes of Jews together must create the merit to sustain the world, and the achievements of spectacular individuals do not suffice. Citations: The following sources are referenced in this shiur: Gemara Sotah 49a with Rashi, found in the source packets on page 1, and Keren Orah Sotah 49a, found in the source packets on pages 1-3, and Rabbeinu BaChaye Parshas Terumah, found in the source packets on page 4.
Marrying a woman for her money or looks
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Shiur #75 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Insight into the importance of attaining a high valuation of Torah from a young age. The vision of Klal Yisroel, that the ideal occupation of males is to be learning Torah, must be shared by both men and women in order for the males to succeed. The problem of marrying a woman purely for her money or looks. Discussion of hybrid intent. Citations: Besides the commentaries related to Mishlei, the following sources are also referenced in this shiur: Rambam Hilchos Issurei Biah 21:32, found in the source packets on page 1, and Aruch HaShulchan Even HaEzer 2:1, found in the source packets on page 1, and Teshuvas Yabia Omer 6th chelek, Even HaEzer, 14th siman, 8th os, found in the source packets on pages 1-4.
The Rambam’s position on learning in Kollel
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Shiur #74 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: The importance of earning 'kosher' money. Discussion of accepting financial support in order to learn Torah if the alternative is a life of ignorance of Torah. Distinguishing between taking from charity funds versus taking from volunteer kollel supporters. The ramifications for Torah life of insisting on everybody having their own self-supporting jobs today. Citations: The following sources are referenced in this shiur: Be'ur Halacha, Orach Chaim siman 231, found in the source packets on page 1, and Teshuvas Yabia Omer, 7th chelek, Yoreh De'ah siman 17, found in the source packets on pages 1-3.
Responses to those who criticize others who accept money to be able to learn Torah
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Shiur #73 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Further clarification of the Rambam's position regarding the importance of working for a living. Discussion of sources which support or contradict the requirement to supply Talmiday Chachomim with financial support. Mussar against those who criticize Kollel students for threatening their own and others' financial future. Citations: Besides the commentaries related to Mishlei, the following source is also referenced in this shiur: Teshuvas Yabia Omer, 7th chelek, Yoreh De'ah siman 17, found in the source packets on pages 2-3.
The able-bodied accepting tsedakah and the concept of kollel
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Shiur #72 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Mishlei verse 3:18. Properly understanding the Rambam's statement which is critical of taking money to learn Torah. The mismatch of the pursuit of money and honor, with the pursuit of Torah excellence. The all-encompassing value of "darkah shel Torah." The definition of 'the poor,' for tsedakah collection purposes. Description of the situations to which the Rambam's critique does not apply. Citations: Besides the commentaries related to Mishlei, the following sources are also referenced in this shiur: Rambam Hilchos Talmud Torah 3:1,6,9,10, found in the source packets on page 6, and Chayei Adam 1st chelek, 10th klal, 14th se'if, found in the source packets on page 7.
“…v’chol nesivosehah shalom” in halachah
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Shiur #71 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Debate among the Rishonim regarding the purpose of the institution of eruv chatzeros. The consideration of enhancing peace as a reason to encourage construction of contemporary eruvin. Citations: The following sources are referenced in this shiur: Semag, essen - asay d'rabbonon #1, found in the source packets on page 1, and Maharsha Chidushei Halachos to Eruvin 105a, found in the source packets on pages 2-3, and Teshuvas Igros Moshe Orach Chaim, 5th chelek, siman 28 and 29, found in the source packets on pages 3-5.
Dracheha Darchei Noam – part 2
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Shiur #70 in Rav Aharon Kahn’s Hashkafah Series Based on Mishlei with Biur HaGra. Content Description: Further discussion of when dracheha darchei noam applies, and when it does not. The Bais Yosef extends this principle from just being a tool of technical darshening, to explaining a prevalent minhag. Teshuvas HaRosh defines a crime based on an act violating darchei noam, aside from considerations of honesty and strict halachah. Invoking darchei noam as a way to address a doubt regarding how a last will is meant to be understood. Darchei noam as being equivalent to proper, upright conduct. Citations: This shiur references the following sources: Teshuvas Radbaz III #627, found in the source packets on page 1, and Tur Choshen Mishpat, siman 99, found in the source packets on pages 2-3, and Teshuvas Noda BiYehuda Mahadura Tinyana Even HaEzer, siman 79, found in the source packets on pages 3-4.