Glossary

C.E.

June 20, 2006, by

relating to a system of historical dating of events; specifically, In the Common Era; that is, after the birth of Jesus. The latter is known in Jewish tradition as “Yeshu HaNotzri,” Jesus of Nazareth, the founder of Christianity. This term corresponds to A.D.. Compare to B.C.E., which is before the Common Era.

CHABAD

June 20, 2006, by

an acronym representing “CHochmah,” Wisdom, “Binah,” Insight, “Daat,” Knowledge – the code for the philosophy of Lubavitch Chassidut.

Chacham

June 20, 2006, by

[m.; pl. "Chachamim"]; a wise man; as in “..ish miskein v’chacham…,” “…a poor wise man…”

Chachamah

June 20, 2006, by

[f.; pl. "Chachamot"]; a wise woman; as in “Esther HaMalkah ha’yetah ishah chachamah,” “Queen Esther was a wise woman.”

Chadash

June 20, 2006, by

Hebrew for “New.” This refers to an early agricultural-Halachic state of the five types of grain (“chitim” – wheat; “seorim” – barley, “kusmin” – spelt, “shibbolet shual – oats, “shifon” – rye) which is obtained when they have taken root before the sixteenth of Nisan. Thus, before the sixteenth, these grains are considered “chadash,” in […]

Chag

June 20, 2006, by

[pl. Chagim]- holiday; synonym of “moed;” either commanded by G-d in the Bible or instituted by the Rabbis or Prophets of the Anshei K’nesset HaGedolah, the Men of the Great Assembly.

Chalav

June 20, 2006, by

[m.; pl. "chalavim"]; milk; as in “Eretz zavat chalav u’devash,” “a Land flowing with milk and honey”

Challah

June 20, 2006, by

[f., pl. "challot"]; has two meanings: one is the “bread” used on Shabbat; the second is that part of dough that is removed from the batch and burnt in the oven. It is burnt because there is a technical obligation to give it to a “Kohen,” a Priest; but without the Temple, this custom was […]

Chamah

June 20, 2006, by

[f. as noun; also an adjective]; as noun, refers to the sun; as adjective, the word means “hot.” See also “Shekiat HaChamah” and “Zerichat HaChamah.”

Chametz

June 20, 2006, by

Fermented or leavened wheat, rye, oats, spelt and barley. When these grains come in contact with water, they leaven within 18 minutes. In the case of hot or salted water, leavening takes place instantly. “Chametz” may not be consumed on “Pesach” either by eating or drinking, and may not be held in one’s possession, nor […]