Glossary

Yom HaZikaron

February 12, 2014, by

Israel’s Memorial Day for those who gave their lives in defense of the State of Israel against its enemies – before Independence, in the War of Independence, the Sinai Campaign, the Six-Day War, the Yom-Kippur War, the Lebanon Engagement, the Intafada, and all related military tragedies. Learn more

Yom Kippur

February 12, 2014, by

The Day of Atonement, the holiest day of the year; climax of the Ten Days of Repentance, which begins with Rosh HaShanah and the forty day period which begins with Rosh Chodesh Elul. This is the Day that the fate of every living creature and all nations for the coming year, is sealed. Learn more

Yom Revii

June 21, 2006, by

[m.]; the Fourth “Day of Creation,” described in Bereshit 1:14-19 And G-d said, “Let there be light-producing heavenly bodies, to divide between the Day and the Night, and to be markers for special times, and for days and for nights. And they should also come to be illuminating bodies in space, to provide light for […]

Yom Rishon

February 12, 2014, by

(m., pl. “Yamim Rishonim”) Sunday or, in the plural, the “earlier days.” (For Day One of Creation, see “Yom Echad”)

Yom Shelishi

June 21, 2006, by

[m.]; the Third “Day of Creation,” described in Bereshit 1:9-13 “E-lohim,” G-d said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together, and let the dry land be seen;” and it was so. And “E-lohim,” called the dry land “Yabasha,” and the collections of waters he called “Yamim;” and he saw that this was good. […]

Yom Sheni

June 21, 2006, by

[m.]; the Second “Day of Creation,” described in Bereshit 1:6-8 And “E-lohim,” G-d said, “Let there be a ‘Rakia,’ a ‘firmament, in the midst of the waters and let it divide between the upper “waters” and the lower “waters.” He called the “Rakia” “Shamayim,” “Heaven.” An “Evening” and a “Morning” passed, completing the Second Day.

Yom Tov Sheni shel Galuyot

February 12, 2014, by

(m.); the observance in the Diaspora of the Major Holidays (Pesach, Shavuot and Sukkot) as two-day, rather than one-day Holidays, at both ends (except for Shavuot, which is observed simply for two days). This two-day observance was instituted in Talmudic times because of the difficulty in communicating the decisions of the Sanhedrin in Yerushalayim as […]

Yom Yerushalayim

February 12, 2014, by

Commemorates the historic Day in the Six-Day War when Israel, after King Hussein of Jordan ignored Israel’s warning to stay out of the fighting, seized the Old City of Jerusalem, and the Eternal Capital of Israel was re-united for the first time in 1,900 years. Among the national treasures returned to Jewish control were the […]

Yoreh Deah

June 7, 2006, by

“It Teaches Understanding” is the second of the four volumes of the “Shulchan Aruch,” “Set Table”, the compendium of Jewish Law applicable today, compiled by Rabbi Yosef Caro in the 1560’s. The other three are “Orach Chaim,” “Even HaEzer” and “Choshen Mishpat.”