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Glossary

Yerushalayim

February 12, 2014, by

Jerusalem; the Eternal Capital City of the Land of Israel and of the Jewish People. Established as such by King David approx. 3,000 years ago. First Temple was constructed there by David’s son, Shlomo (Solomon), ca. 1000 B.C.E. and was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 B.C.E. The Second Temple was rebuilt by Ezra and […]

Yeshiva

February 12, 2014, by

(f., pl. “Yeshivot”); a Torah academy. The “Yeshiva” has evolved greatly, from its form in Talmudic times, eastern and western Europe, the United States, and modern-day Israel.

Yetzer

February 12, 2014, by

(m.; pl.”Yetzarim”); desire or inclination; as in “Yesh l’Adam shenai yetzarim,” “A person has two inclinations.”

Yetzer HaRa

June 21, 2006, by

[m.]; “evil” inclination, desire to commit sin; as in “Yoseph HaTzaddik cavash et ha-yetzer ha-ra shelo,” ” ‘Joseph the Righteous’ conquered his “evil” inclination.”

Yetzer HaTov

June 21, 2006, by

[m.]; “good” inclination, desire not to commit sin; as in “Lekol echad yesh Yetzer HaTov,” “Everyone has a “good” inclination.

Yichus

February 12, 2014, by

(m., not generally used in plural); lineage, distinguished birth, pedigree; as in, “The new rebbe hired by the Yeshiva had outstanding “yichus;” for he was a direct descendant of the Chofetz Chaim. “Yichus” is also at the center of a controversy today, in a time when many people are returning to the study and practice […]

Yiddish

February 12, 2014, by

Literally, “Jewish;” a Pseudo-Language based on German, with many Hebraisms, including Hebrew words, phrases, interjections (such as “Oy Vey!”) and untranslatable manners of expression, inter-mixed to create a kind of uniquely Jewish language. In addition to the German, which is the base language, there are traces of Russian, Polish, Hungarian, Rumanian and just about all […]

Yiddishkeit

February 12, 2014, by

Yiddish, meaning “Jewishness;” a word similar to Orthodoxy and Observance, but suggesting perhaps more an emotional attachment, and a feeling of identification with the Jewish People, than full commitment to a lifestyle based on observance of the “Mitzvot,” the Commands of G-d, as recorded in the Torah.

Yirah

February 12, 2014, by

(f.; pl. “yeraot”); fear; as in “kol echad tzarich la-avod et Hashem mi-toch yirah u-mi-toch ahavah,” “Everyone should serve Hashem out of fear and out of love.”

Yirat Hashem

February 12, 2014, by

(f.); Fear of Hashem; as in “Reshit chochmah yirat Hashem,” “The beginning of wisdom is fear of Hashem” (from the Prayer to be recited upon awakening)