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Glossary

Asara B’Tevet

June 19, 2006, by

Tenth Day of Tevet, which commemorates the breaching of the walls of Jerusalem by the Babylonians at the beginning of their Destruction of the First Temple.

Aseret HaDibrot

June 19, 2006, by

English: Ten Commandments, or Ten Utterances; The following were the Ten Commandments, or Ten Utterances of G-d to the Jewish People at Mt. Sinai, which form the moral underpinning of human civilization. 1. “Anochi HaShem Elokecha…” – “I am the L-rd your G-d, etc.” – To have faith in G-d’s existence, His concern for the […]

Aseret Y’mei Teshuvah

June 19, 2006, by

the time period known as the Ten Days of Repentance, beginning with Rosh HaShanah, the Day of Judgment and ending with Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement.

Asher (ca. 1563 B.C.E. – ca. 1440 B.C.E.)

February 4, 2014, by

Asher was the eighth son of Yaakov Avinu, and the second son of Zilpah, the handmaiden of Leah. He was born, according to the Midrash “Yalkut Shimoni” on the 20th of Shevat, and lived 123 years.Upon his birth, Leah said, “…It is my good fortune! For women have called me fortunate! And she called his […]

Ashir

June 19, 2006, by

[m.; pl. "Ashirim"]; a rich person; as in “Aizehu Ashir? HaSameach BeChelko!” “Who is the rich person? The one who is happy with what he has!”

Ashkenazim

June 19, 2006, by

Jews whose “recent” (within the last “thousand-or-so” years) ancestors were from Northern or Eastern Europe, as opposed to Sefardim. There are some limited variations in Jewish custom between the “Ashkenazic” communities [who generally follow the RAMA in disputes with the "Mechaber"] and the “Sefardic” communities [who follow the "Mechaber"].

Av

June 19, 2006, by

[m.; pl. "avot"]; 1. Father, as in the “Avot” of the Jewish People; 2. Major Category, as in connection with Shabbat, one of the thirty nine “Avot Melachot” (each word of the combination should be “clicked” to get the “full” story;” 3. The saddest month in the Hebrew Calendar, which commemorates the Destruction of both […]

Avinu

June 19, 2006, by

[m.] our father; as in the Prayer “Avinu Malkeinu,” “Our Father, Our King,” authored by Rabbi Akiva

Avinu Malkeinu

June 19, 2006, by

“Our Father, Our King” the name of a prayer recited on Fast Days and Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur; authored by Rabbi Akiva; successfully brought down rain from heaven when recited by R. Akiva, after the lengthy prayers of another Torah giant had failed to accomplish that goal.