Glossary

Shechinah

June 20, 2006, by

[f.]; the Divine Presence; as in “Beit HaMikdash hu mekom hashraat HaShechinah,” “The Holy Temple is the “place” of residence on earth of the Divine Presence.”

Sheker

June 21, 2006, by

[m.; pl. "shekarim"]; falsehood, untruth, a lie; as in “Ed Sheker HaEd!” “The witness is false!;” or as in ” Sheker ayn lo raglayim!,” “Falsehood has no legs to stand on.”

Shekiat HaChamah

June 21, 2006, by

[f., pl. "Shekiot HaChamah"]; sunset; the astronomical event that occurs when the disc of the sun disappears over the western horizon. According to Rabbeinu Tam, one of the greatest of the Baalei Tosafot, there are actually two “Shekiot;” the first, as described above, the second occurring when the residual light that remains in the west […]

Shemen Zayit

June 21, 2006, by

Olive-Oil; one of the seven species with which the Land of Israel is blessed: “A Land of wheat, barley, grape, fig and pomegranate; a Land of olive-oil and date-honey” (Devarim 8:8) Olive-oil is the substance that, when used as a fuel, produces the clearest light. For that reason, it served as the fuel for the […]

Shemen-Zayit

February 11, 2014, by

“Shemen-Zayit” – Olive-Oil; one of the seven species with which the Land of Israel is blessed: “A Land of wheat, barley, grape, fig and pomegranate; a Land of olive-oil and date-honey” (Devarim 8:8) Olive-oil is the substance that, when used as a fuel, produces the clearest light. For that reason, it served as the fuel […]

Shemesh

June 21, 2006, by

[m. and f., "shemashot"]; the “Maor HaGadol,” the Great Light,” the sun; the heavenly body about which the earth revolves once each year. It is positioned at just the right distance from the earth to provide light and warmth for the creatures living on the planet; created by HaShem on the fourth “Day of Creation” […]

Shemitah

June 21, 2006, by

[pl. "Shemitot']; the seven-year cycle affecting the agricultural and the business world of the Jew. It is based on the Biblical verse “But the Seventh Year shall be a Complete Rest for the Land, a Shabbat for Hashem; your field you shall not sow and your vineyard you shall not prune.” (“VaYikra”/Leviticus 25:4) It is […]

Shemoneh Esray

June 21, 2006, by

the “Eighteen” (actually the prayer evolved to a set of nineteen) blessings; also known as the Amidah, the prayer recited while standing. It is the classic prayer which is recited morning, afternoon and evening every day in the life of the Jew. Its structure follows the general principles of courtesy; namely, it begins with blessings […]

Shemot

June 21, 2006, by

[English: Exodus]; the second Book of the “Chumash,” or Five Books of Moses. It deals with the enslavement of the Jews by Pharaoh and the Egyptians, the birth and rise of “Moshe” (Moses), and the miraculous deliverance of the Jewish People by G-d through the agency of Moses. Physical Redemption is accomplished by the administration […]