Glossary

Sechach

June 20, 2006, by

the Covering, and main element in the construction of the Sukkah. In addition to not being rainproof, the Sechach must satisfy the following requirements, among others: It must be made from a product of the earth, which is now detached from the earth. For example, bamboo poles and pine tree branches are commonly used as […]

Seder

June 20, 2006, by

[Plural Sedarim]; Literally, Order; having a well-defined structure; thus, the following two meanings: 1) the Festive Meal eaten on the night of Pesach, which has this name because what is eaten and the ceremonies performed at this meal follow a precise order; 2) one of the Six Orders of the Mishnah, into which the Mishnah […]

Sefardim

June 20, 2006, by

Jews whose “recent” (within the last “thousand-or-so” years) ancestors were from Southern Italy, Spain, Portugal, North Africa or the Arabian countries, as opposed to “Ashkenazim.” There are some limited variations in Jewish custom between the “Sefardic” communities (who generally follow the “Mechaber” in disputes with the RAMA) and the “Ashkenazic” communities [who follow the RAMA].

Sefer

June 20, 2006, by

[m.;pl. "Sefarim"]; a book; as in “Sefer” Torah, a Book of the Torah

Sefer HaChinuch

February 11, 2014, by

Written toward the latter part of the thirteenth century, the Chinuch contains a discussion of the 613 mitzvos organized according to the order of the weekly parsha. Based primarily on the Rambam andRamban each mitzvah is divided into four parts: (1) A brief statement of the essence of the mitzvah, (2) The reason for the […]

Sefirat HaOmer

June 20, 2006, by

the positive commandment of counting the days beginning with the Second Day of Pesach and ending with Erev Shavuot. One of the significant aspects of this Command is that it connects The Holiday of Pesach, which celebrates Physical Redemption from the Bondage of Egypt, with its purpose, “Spiritual Redemption,” celebrated on the Holiday of Shavuot; […]

Selichah

June 20, 2006, by

[f.; pl. "selichot"]; forgiveness; especially forgiveness by G-d; that which we pray for every day and especially on Rosh HaShannah and Yom Kippur. This goal can be accomplished, in most cases, by sincere and wholehearted “Teshuvah,” or Repentance.

Selichot

June 20, 2006, by

[f.]; special prayers for forgiveness recited, according to most customs, during the Ten Days of Repentance, between and including Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur.

Semachot

June 20, 2006, by

[pl.]; euphemism, meaning “happy occasions” for tragic occurrences