September

February 10, 2014

[September 1]

  • World War II broke out, 1939.
  • Mussolini canceled civil rights of Italian Jews and expelled all foreign-born Jews, 1938.
  • Wearing the yellow star became obligatory for all Jews in the Reich, 1941.
  • Jews of Frankfort on the Main were expelled, 1614.

[September 2]

  • Jews of Holland were emancipated, 1796.
  • The Mir ghetto was liquidated, 1942.

[September 3]

  • Anti-Jewish riots in Stockholm, Sweden, 1852.
  • England and France declare war on Germany, 1939.
  • Many Jews of London were killed in riots during the coronation of Richard I, 1189.

[September 4]

  • Germany occupied Kalisz, Poland – Jewish pop. 30,000 – 1939.

[September 5]

  • Jews of Hanover granted equality, 1848.
  • Many leading Jews of Posen, Poland were imprisoned and tortured following blood libel, 1736.

[September 6]

  • Germany occupied Cracow, 1939.
  • Nazis ordered the liquidation of Bialystok ghetto, 1942.

[September 7]

  • Russian government decreed the draft of Jewish boys at 12 years old, 1827.
  • Pogrom in Shedlitz, Russia, 1906.
  • A group of 23 Jews from Recife, Brazil arrived in New Amsterdam, 1654. They became the pioneers of New York’s Jewish community.
  • Alexander Susskind, who gave his whole fortune as ransom for the body of Rabbi Meir of Rottenberg, died, 1307.

[September 8]

  • Israel agreed to accept reparation money from West Germany, 1952.
  • Torquemada died, 1498.
  • First Jew known to have settled in Canada, 1760.

[September 9]

  • Italian planes bomb Tel Aviv; 117 are killed, 1940.
  • Copies of the Gemara were burned by the Inquisition, 1553. Italian planes bomb Tel Aviv; 117 are killed, 1940.

[September 10]

  • The Jewish community of Berlin was organized, 1671.
  • The Congress for the Safeguarding of Non-Jewish Interests, which opened in Dresden, Germany, 1882, was the first international assembly to promote anti-Semitism.

[September 11]

  • Daf Yomi was initiated by Rabbi Meir Shapira of Lublin, 1923.
  • The liquidation of the Minsk and Lida ghettos began, 1943.
  • Charles Lindbergh made an anti-Semitic speech on radio, 1941.
  • The ghetto in Stolin, Poland, was wiped out with the mass murders of 11,000 Jews, 1942.
  • 90,000 Jews were sent to their deaths from the Warsaw ghetto, 1942. A total of 300,000 Jews were sent to Nazi killing camps during a 53 day period from Erev Tish’a b’Av until Erev Rosh HaShana that year.
  • First organized attack by Nazi stormtroopers, Berlin, 1931.
  • Ghetto of Uman was liquidated by the Nazis, 1941.

[September 12]

  • The governor of New York was petitioned to allow the Jews to exercise their religion in public, 1695. It seems that the Charter of Liberties granted by James I of England in 1683, applied only to Christians. So much for liberty for all. Therefore, the governor declined the petition.
  • Gedera was attacked by Arabs, 1901.
  • First organized attack by Nazi storm troopers against Jews took place in Berlin, 1931.
  • Compulsory education law passed in Israel, 1949.
  • First shul services in Manhattan, 1654. First for St. Louis, 1836.

[September 13]

  • Jews of Klausenburg, Hungary, were massacred, 1600.
  • 40 rabbis of the ghetto of Lodz were killed by the Nazis, 1942.
  • Germany occupied Miclec, Poland, 1939, and murdered its entire Jewish population.

[September 14]

  • Jews of Homel, Russia, were massacred, 1903.
  • The first Jewish self-defense organization in Eretz Yisrael was founded, 1908.
  • 9000 Jews of Slonim, Russia, were killed by the Nazis, 1941.
  • The Supreme Court of Israel was inaugurated, 1948.

[September 15]

  • British troops occupied New York City, 1776, disrupting Jewish life.
  • The foundation stone for Ararat was laid in Buffalo, New York, 1825. Ararat was to be a city of refuge for displaced Jews. It was to be on Grand Island in the Niagra River.
  • The anti-Semitic Nuremberg racial laws were passed by the Nazis, 1935.
  • 800 Jewish women of Shkudvil, Lithuania, were executed by the Nazis, 1941.
  • The first synagogue in South Africa, Tikvat Yisrael, was dedicated in Capetown, 1849.

[September 16]

  • Here’s a nasty one… Pope Benedict XIV prohibited Jewish converts to Christianity from giving their wives gittin (religious divorce), 1747.
  • The Massachusetts village of Shawmut changed its name to Boston, 1630.
  • Sam Rayburn was elected Speaker of the House, 1940. He held that position for 17 of the following 21 years, serving longer than anyone else in that post.

[September 17]

  • The Jewish Quarter of Paris was plundered, 1394 (it was a Yom Kipur).
  • The Camp David summit talks (the first ones) ended, in 1978.

[September 18]

  • Religious freedom was granted to the Jews of Morocco, 1880.
  • The Jewish community of Shirvint, Lithuania, was massacred by the Nazis, 1941.

[September 19]

  • German forces occupied the Polish city of Lukow, killing many Jews, 1939.
  • Nazi decree forbidding non-Jews to work for Jews in their homes or businesses, 1940.
  • Germany captured Kiev, 1941.

[September 20]

  • Magellan set sail, 1519, in search of a “western passage”. One of his ships eventually completed a full circle of the world. (Magellan was killed en route).
  • Dreyfus was released from prison on Devil’s Island, 1899.
  • Happy 83rd birthday, basketball Hall of Fame coach of the Boston Celtics, Red Auerbach.

[September 21]

  • Jews of Zurich, Switzerland were charged with perpetuation of the Black Death epidemic. Some were burned to death; the rest were expelled, 1348.
  • Jews of Mogilev, Russia were atacked during Tashlich, 1645.
  • Privileges granted the Jews of Sweden were revoked by the Swedish government, 1838.
  • Jews of Arnhem (Holland) were ordered to wear the Jew-badge by the city’s cardinal, 1451.
  • Hodel, daughter of Moshe Kikinish of Lemberg, was martyred, 1710, after falsely confessing to blood-ritual charges in order to save the lives of other Jews.
  • Anti-Jewish riots in two Swiss cities, 1802.
  • U.S. President Harding signed a joint resolution of congress expressing approval of the establishment of a national home for the Jewish People in Eretz Yisrael, 1922.