October

February 6, 2014

[October 7]

  • Germany decreed that passports of Jews were to be marked with a J, 1939.
  • Hundreds of Jews in Cracow were killed during Hakafot, 1555.

[October 8]

  • Nazi pogrom against the Jews of Lodz, 1939.

[October 9]

  • Major attack in the Negev by Egypt, 1948.
  • Alexander I appointed a commission to help improve Jewish life in Russia, 1802. Israeli navy acquired its first submarine, 1958.
  • Casimir III of Poland renews Jewish privileges, 1334.

[October 11]

  • 180 Jews killed in Munich, 1285.

[October 10]

  • Jews of Tunis and Tripoli massacred, 1864.
  • Sh’chita banned in Italy, 1938.

[October 12]

  • First Jewish deportees left Vienna and Bohemia, 1939.
  • Columbus discovered in America, 1492.
  • 3,400 Jews of Galicia executed by Nazis, 1941.
  • Decorating the outside of a shul was forbidden in Sicily, 1366.

[October 13]

  • Censorship of Jewish books in Russia, 1796.
  • Jordan entered the Yom Kippur war, 1973./p>
  • Eliezer Ben Yehuda and friends decide to speak Hebrew exclusively, marking the beginning of the revival of the language in modern times, 1881.

[October 14]

  • JFoundation stone of the Knesset laid, 1958.
  • Major fighting between Egypt and Israel resumed, 1948.
  • Nazi plan for ghettoizing Jews in all big cities announced by Goering, 1938.
  • Episcopal Church cleared Jews of the charge of killing Jesus, 1964.

[October 15]

  • Dreyfus was first arrested, 1894.
  • First mass deporting of German Jews to Eastern European ghettos, 1941.

[October 16]

  • 10 major Nazis were hanged after Nuremberg trials, 1946.

[October 17]

  • Political rights of Warsaw’s Jews suspended, 1808.
  • Torquemada appointed Inquisitor-General, 1483.
  • “Zionism is racism”, 1975.

[October 18]

  • Last Crusade ends, 1270.
  • Nazi war crimes trials open in Nuremberg, 1945.

[October 19]

  • 200 Jews massacred in Germany, 1298.

[October 20]

  • British White Paper, 1930.

[October 21]

  • Volumes of the Talmud were burned in Venice, 1553.

[October 22]

  • Israeli forces sank Egypt’s King Farouk (a ship), 1948.
  • 6,300 Jews of Baden deported by the Nazis, 1940.
  • Cease fire between Israel and Egypt, Yom Kippur war, 1973.

[October 23]

  • Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage retail trade, 1668 (even there).
  • Jews of Rome prohibited from erecting tombstones, 1625 (looks like they’d tried everything).
  • Netanya founded, 1927 (named after the same person that the Israel Center’s street is named for).
  • 10,000 Jews of the Vilna ghetto executed, 1941.

[October 24]

  • 20,000 Kharkov Jews fall into Nazi hands, 1941.
  • Quisling, Nazi head of Norway, executed, 1945.

[October 25]

  • New road to S’dom, 1948.
  • Romanian soldiers massacred 26,000 Jews of Odessa, 1941.

[October 26]

  • Nazis prohibit Sh’chita in Poland supposedly on humanitarian grounds, 1939 (in light of what they were doing to human beings, this could be the ultimate hypocrisy).
  • Mobs attack Jews of Cracow, 1407.

[October 27]

  • Belgium bans ritual slaughter, 1940.

[October 28]

  • 10,000 Jews removed from Kovno ghetto for execution, 1941.
  • Birthday of Montefiore, 1784.

[October 29]

  • Town of Carmiel in the Galil founded, 1964 (twinned with Baltimore).
  • Bomb in Knesset wounded David Ben Gurion and four cabinet ministers, 1957.

[October 30]

  • Anne Frank deported from Auschwitz to Belsen, 1944, where she died five months later.

[October 31]

  • Pogrom in Odessa cost 300 Jewish lives, 1905.
  • Earthquake killed several hundred Tzfat Jews, 1759.