Michah HaMorashti - the sixth in the traditional listing by CHAZAL
of the group of Prophets known as the "Trei-Asar," the "Twelve"
Michah prophesied during the period of Yotam, Achaz and Yechizkiah,
Kings of Yehudah, and his prophecies were directed at both the Kingdom of
Yisrael, represented by Shomron, and the Kingdom of Yehudah, represented by its
central city, Yerushalayim.
But first he turns to the whole world,
"Hear this, all of you nations,
Listen attentively, O earth, and all that
is within it,
And let the L-rd G-d be witness against you,
The L-rd from
His Holy Temple."
"For behold, the L-rd comes forth out of His holy place,
And will come
down, and tread upon the high places of the earth."
For in the end, Israel will emerge triumphant!
But what concerns him most are the sins of Yisrael and Yehudah; one of the
worst is abuse of power.
"Woe to them that devise iniquity and work evil upon their beds!
morning is light, they execute it,
Because it is in the power of their
And they covet fields, and seize them;
And houses, and take them
Thus they oppress a man and his household,
Even a man and his
Violence and religion are not seen as opposites,
"They build up Zion with blood,
And Jerusalem with iniquity.
leaders judge for reward,
And their priests teach for pay,
prophets divine for money;
Yet they will lean upon the L-rd, and say,
L-rd is surely in our midst!
No evil will come upon us' "
But they will pay a terrible price,
"Therefore shall Zion because of you be plowed as a field,
shall become heaps of rubble.
And the mountains of the Temple as the high
places of a forest."
But Michah has a wondrous vision of the future of Israel,
"But in the end of days it shall come to pass,
That the mountain of the
L-rd's House shall be established
As the top of the mountains,
shall be exalted above the hills;
And peoples shall flow unto it."
"And many nations shall go and say,
'Come and let us go up to the
mountain of the L-rd,
And to the House of the G-d of Jacob;
And He will
teach us His ways,
And we will walk in His paths;
For out of Zion shall
go forth the Law,
And the word of the L-rd from Jerusalem.' "
"And He shall judge between many peoples,
And decide concerning mighty
And they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
their spears into pruning hooks;
Nation shall not lift up sword against
Neither shall they learn skills of war anymore."
"But they shall sit every man under his vine
And under his fig
And none shall make them afraid;
For the mouth of the L-rd of Hosts
For let all peoples walk each one in the name of its god,
we will walk in the Name of the L-rd our G-d forever and ever."
HaShem proposes a debate between Himself and His People,
"Hear, O you mountains, the L-rd's argument,
And you enduring rocks, the
foundations of the earth;
For the L-rd has a disagreement with His
And He will debate with Israel."
HaShem accuses His People of ingratitude for his many miracles and
"For I brought you out of the land of Egypt,
And redeemed you from the
House of Bondage;
And I sent before you Moshe, Aharon and Miriam.
People, remember now what Balak King of Moav devised,
And what Bilaam the son
of Beor answered him;
From Shitim until Gilgal,
That you may know the
righteous acts of HaShem."
The People of Israel plead ignorance as to the proper worship of G-d,
"With what shall I come before the L-rd,
And bow myself before G-d on
Shall I come before Him with burnt-offerings,
With calves a year
And Michah, in the words of the Talmud, reduced the 613 Commands of the
Torah to 3,
"It has been told you, O Man, what is good,
And what the L-rd requires of
Only to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your
On Rosh HaShanah, when at the
Tashlich ceremony, Jews
symbolically cast their sins into bodies of flowing water, they recite the words
"Who is a G-d like You, Who pardons iniquity,
And forgives the
transgression of the remnant of His heritage?
He retains not His anger
Because He delights in mercy.
He will again have compassion upon
He will subdue our iniquities."
"And You will cast all their sins
into the depths of the sea.
You will show faithfulness to Yaakov, mercy to
As You swore to our fathers from the days of old."
According to the RAMBAM, Michah was a link in the Chain of
and received the Tradition of Torah from Yeshayahu and his court.