Chaim Yosef David Azulai (Chida)
was one of the most fascinating and multi-faceted figures in Jewish
history. Born in Jerusalem he
became a scholar of the first rank and
wrote classic works in halacha
such as Shaar Yosef, Birkei Yosef and Machzik Beracha.
He was associated with the kabbalist R. Shalom Sharabi and studied
under R. Chaim Ibn Attar.
1753, at the age of 29, he traveled to Europe as an emissary of the
communities of Eretz Yisrael and again in 1772 on behalf of Chevron.
Each trip lasted in excess of 5 years.
He completed his second trip in Leghorn, where he remained for the
rest of his life.
he visited Chida made sure to inspect the important libraries and thus
became familiar with many thousands of manuscripts.
Out of these visits grew his remarkably compact and informative
classic bibliographic and biographic work, Shem HaGedolim. In all he wrote about one hundred volumes in every field of
and above his learning Chida was a radiant, impressive, yet remarkably
modest personality. This
shines through in the detailed diary of his trips, Maagal Tov.
He attributes all the honor he received to the fact that he
represented the Holy Land. And,
does not take insults lightly, as they may reflect on the honor of Eretz
He was interested and absorbed by all that he saw and heard in the many places that he traveled and was curious to learn about the new and exotic. He was careful not to insult anyone and to avoid controversy. He studied musar regularly and was always working to improve his character. He complained of those who only study Talmud and poskim and do not sufficiently appreciate the study of Tanach, Mishnah and musar. Chida learned of his wifes passing while in Tunis and was forced to conceal her death for fear that the community would force him to remarry. Mourning in solitude he wrote that she was perhaps unique in the generation...in wisdom, honor, powerful and awesome intellect, grace, beauty, great modesty and extraordinary cleanliness.
The above graphic includes photographs that were provided by VERAfilm archives.